FC: Langston Hughes
1: James Mercer Langston Hughes was an American poet, novelist, playwright, and columnist. He was one of the earliest innovators of the new time. He is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance.
2: Hughes was born February 1, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri. His ethnic background consisted of African American, White American. Langston was raised mainly by his maternal grandmother, Mary Patterson Langston in Lawrence, Kansas. Because of his unstable early life, his childhood was not really a happy one but it influenced the poet he become.
3: In September of 1924 Langston enrolled at Columbia University studying engineering, but became involved with writers in Harlem and ends up publishing "The Negro Speaks of Rivers". He drops out of Columbia University travels to Africa, Holland, and Paris. In November 1924, Hughes returned to the U. S. In 1925 Hughes wins the Opportunity magazine poetry contest for "The Weary Blues". In 1926 The Weary Blues was published by Alfred Knopf and Hughes enrolled into Lincoln University.
4: In 1927 Hughes second book of poems, Fine Clothes to the Jew, was published by Alfred Knopf. In 1929 Hughes received a B.A. degree from Lincoln University. In 1930 Hughes published his novel, Not Without Laughter, The Dream Keeper and Other Poems. In 1932 Hughes went to the Soviet Union to make a film depicting the plight of many blacks living in the United States.
5: In 1934 The Ways of White Folks, a collection of short stories, was published. In 1935 Hughes play, "Mulatto," opened on Broadway. In 1937 Hughes traveled to Spain as a correspondent for the Baltimore Afro-American and other various African American newspapers. In 1941 Hughes establishes his theatre troupe in Los Angeles and published The Big Sea, his first autobiography.
6: In 1943 Hughes began writing columns for the Chicago Defender. In 1949 Hughes spent three months at the integrated University of Chicago Laboratory Schools as a "Visiting Lecturer on Poetry". In 1950 Simple Speaks His Mind, a collection of short fiction, was published. In 1951 Hughes published Montage of a Dream Deferred, a collection of poetry.
7: In 1956, I Wonder As I Wander, Hughes second autobiography, was published. In 1960 Hughes was awarded the Spingarn Medal for distinguished achievements by an African American from The NAACP. In 1961 Hughes was inducted into the National Institute of Arts and Letters and published Ask Your Mama: Twelve Moods for Jazz, a collection of poetry.
9: Hughes died on May 22,1967, at aged 65, in New York. Hughes' Panther & the Lash was posthumously published. In 1973, the 1st Langston Hughes was awarded by the City College of New York.
10: Lorraine Hansberry
11: Although Lorraine died at a young age, she had an eventful and meaningful life.
12: In 1930, Lorraine Hansberry was born. She was brought up in a middle-class black family in Chicago, IL. In 1937 Hansberry and her family moved to an all-white Chicago suburb. They were treated with violence and hostility, which led to a civil rights lawsuit filed by her parents. In 1940 the US Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Hansberry's in their civil rights case from 1937. In 1946 Lorraine's father, Carl, died.
13: In 1948 Lorraine began studying at the University of Wisconsin, In 1950 Lorraine dropped out of Wisconsin and starts studying at Roosevelt University. After that, she moved to New York City. In 1951Lorraine began writing for Paul Robesons Freedom Magazine. In 1953 Lorraine married Robert Nemiroff, a Jewish songwriter. In 1954 Lorraine studied under W.E.B DuBois. In 1956 Lorraine became a full-time writer.
14: In 1957, A Raisin in the Sun, is completed. In 1959, A Raisin in the Sun, hit Broadway. In 1961 the play is turned into a film and wins a Cannes Film Festival award.
15: In 1964 Lorraine divorced Nemiroff. In 1965 Lorraine Hansberry died of cancer in New York. She was 34 when she die
16: As I Grew Older by: Langston Hughes It was a long time ago. I have almost forgotten my dream. But it was there then, In front of me, Bright like a sun-- My dream. And then the wall rose, Rose slowly, Slowly, Between me and my dream. Rose until it touched the sky-- The wall. Shadow.
17: I am black. I lie down in the shadow. No longer the light of my dream before me, Above me. Only the thick wall. Only the shadow. My hands! My dark hands! Break through the wall! Find my dream! Help me to shatter this darkness, To smash this night, To break this shadow Into a thousand lights of sun, Into a thousand whirling dreams Of sun!
18: TPCASTT of As I Grew Older T: When we read the title, it makes us wonder what happened as he grew older. P: The plot of the story is the change in someone life as they got older. It's about the good and bad things they experienced as they grew. C: The poem allows you to see the images of what he is talking about because of the describing words he uses. A:The speaker attitude is calm, but angry. His tone seems as if he has hope.
19: S: T: T: | S: There is not a tone/mood change in the poem. It has the same tone/mood throughout. T:This poem does have more than a surface-level meaning. It's saying that you should be proud of your skin color no matter what. The person in this poem, the person is proud to be black T:No matter who are, be proud of the color you are.
20: Helen Keller By: Langston Hughes She, In the dark, Found light Brighter than many ever see. She, Within herself, Found loveliness, Through the soul's own mastery. And now the world receives From her dower: The message of the strength Of inner power.
21: BFG | TPCASTT of Helen Keller T:When we read the title, it makes wonder if he is talking about her. Is it about Helen Keller? P:The is plot trying to find yourself inside and out. C:It shows that she went through a tough time in life but she found the light with was bright. A:The attitude of this poem is very calm but yet happy for overcoming a low point. Achievement.
22: S:The mood of the poems is the same throughout, it doesn't change. T:Yes, the title does have more than a surface-level meaning. It is telling you who the person is and the poem is explaining a little bit about the title. T:The poem is really about someone who went through a time of darkness in their life but found the good in it, Helen Keller found the light
23: Resources: 1)www. poemhunter.com 2) http://www.history-timeline.org.uk/people-timeline/23_langston-hughes-timline.htlm 3)http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/23_Lorriane_Hansberry 4)www.history-timelines.org 5)www.glynn.k12.go.us/BHs/media center/bibilography.html