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10 Influential American Authors

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10 Influential American Authors - Page Text Content

FC: 10 Influential American Authors from 1850 to Today by: Andrew Mayette

1: Table of Contents Nathaniel Hawthorne..........pg 2-3 Mark Twain.........................pg 4-5 Walt Whitman.....................pg 6-7 Ralph Waldo Emerson........pg 8-9 Harriet Beecher Stowe......pg 10-11 Henry David Thoreau.......pg 12-13 Ernest Hemingway...........pg 14-15 Herman Melville...............pg 16-17 William Faulkner..............pg 18-19 Robert Frost.....................pg 20-21

2: Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864

3: - Born July 4 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts - He was part of the Romantic movement, and specifically dark romanticism - His famous novel the Scarlet Letter was published in 1850. A controversial book at the time because it was written with adultery as a subject - His themes dealt with moral aspects of life, and involved sin and human nature. His Puritan background could be seen as an influence in many of his writings - He was a good friend with Herman Melville, another author at the time. who dedicated Moby-Dick to Hawthorne when it was released in 1851 - Other works include The House of the Seven Gables, The Blithedale Romance, The Marble Faun, The Dolliver Romance, and many other short stories

4: Samuel Clemens aka "Mark Twain" 1835-1910

5: - Born November 30th 1835 - Went by the pen name "Mark Twain" for which he is better known as - He was an accomplished writer, lecturer, satirist, and humorist - He was called the father of American literature by William Falkner - His famous work of the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn became known as the Great American Novel - His upbringing in the South on the Mississippi, with steamboats, and slavery greatly influenced his writings - Other major writings include the Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, Roughing It, The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today, and many more

6: Walt Whitman 1819-1892

7: - Born May 31st 1819 - Became known as the father of free verse for his poetry style, Americas's poet, and a poet of democracy - Famous for being a poet he also was a journalist, essayist, and humanist - His most famous work was Leaves of Grass, which was a collection of poems released in 1855 and he continually revised it until his death - Leaves of Grass was praised by many, but also criticized by many because its controversial topics of sexuality - His sexuality has been discussed to be homosexual or bisexual but never proven - He believe in no religion but accepted them all equally - He also made many works influenced by his time as nurse during the Civil War

8: Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803-1882 | Ralph Waldo Emerson 1803-1882

9: Bon May25th 1803 Boston, Massachusetts - Considered one of the greatest orators of his time - A well known philosopher who lead the Transcendentalist era - Also a essayist and poet who wrote, Nature, one of his famous works which put forth his Transcendentalist ideas that nature is divine - He was good friends with Nathaniel Ha - Was strongly against slavery and spoke strongly about Abolitionist ideas | - Born May25th 1803 Boston, Massachusetts - Considered one of the greatest orators of his time - A well known philosopher who lead the Transcendentalist era - Also a essayist and poet who wrote, Nature, one of his famous works which put forth his Transcendentalist ideas that nature is divine - He was good friends with Nathaniel Hawthorne and Henry David Thoreau who his ideas greatly influenced - Was a Unitarian minister but was later lead to belief in a non personal God and nature being divine - Was strongly against slavery and spoke strongly about Abolitionist ideas

10: Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811-1896

11: - Born June 14th, 1811 in Connecticut - A major influence in the abolitionist movement - Her book Uncle Tom's Cabin was released in 1852 and revealed many horrors about slavery - She is believed to have some impact in starting the Civil War with her book release and abolitionist movements - Her writings in papers and her books about slavery were very controversial and angered the South - She helped many runaway and fugitive slaves and even helped school them after the Civil War

12: Henry David Thoreau 1817 -1862

13: - Born July 12th, 1817 - An author, philosopher, and a naturalist who inisted on living simply - Also was a Transcendentalist who was influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson - Strongly disagreed with the government and slavery and his book Civil Disobedience explained his differences and what should be done - His book Walden shows his naturalist side when he lived alone in the woods and emphasized simplicity - His writings greatly impacted figures like Ghandi, Martin Luther King Jr, and John F. Kennedy - His grievences with the government caused him also to be a tax evader and refused to pay because slavery was in tact and he believed in a less controlling government - Also one of the first to start accepting Darwin's Evolution Theoory

14: Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961

15: - Born July 21st, 1899 - An novelitst and journalist known for his War and Romances, and his understatement wrting style - Won the Pulitzer Prize for his book The Old Man and the Sea - Won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954 | - Impacted a new era of fiction with his writing style - Well known adventurer who loved to hunt, fish, and being a rugged outdoorsman - Part of the "Lost Generation" because he was in the World War 2 | - Had mental problems later in age - His father committed suicide soon after being mentally ill too - Hemingway's medical treatment caused memory loss and committed suicide by shotgun

16: Herman Melville 1819-1891 | Herman Melville 1819-1891

17: - Born August 1, 1819 in New York City - An accomplished novelist and short story writer - His writings were greatly influenced by his time as a sailor throughout his life. Most of his writings involve his experiences or are drawn from them - His most famous book, Moby Dick, did not receive much recognition upon its release in 1851. The book was dedicated to his friend Nathaniel Hawthorne who he admired very much - Moby Dick did not receive the recognition until after Melville had passed away and the Melville Revival took place - Moby Dick is now considered one of the greatest writings in American history - Melville has become known as the American Shakespeare | - Born August 1, 1819 in New York City - An accomplished novelist and short story writer - His writings were greatly influenced by his time as a sailor throughout his life. Most of his writings involve his experiences or are drawn from them - His most famous book, Moby Dick, did not receive much recognition upon its release in 1851. The book was dedicated to his friend Nathaniel Hawthorne who he admired very much - Moby Dick did not receive the recognition until after Melville had passed away and the Melville Revival took place - Moby Dick is now considered one of the greatest writings in American history - Melville has become known as the American Shakespeare

18: William Faulkner 1897-1962

19: - Born September 25th, 1897 in Mississippi - He wrote many short stories, and fiction novels - Considered of the most influential authors in 20th Century and one of the most important Southern writers - Won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949 - Won the Pulitzer Prize in 1955 for his book A Fable and again in 1963 for The Reivers - He was famous for using "stream of consciousness" style in his many writings

20: Robert Frost 1874-1963

21: - Born March 26th 1874 in San Francisco, California - A poet who was written numerous poems, many of which are quoted often - He experienced much grief in his life with the death of his children and wife that influenced his poetry - He also wrote many of his poems of rural living, especially in New England where he lived after her buried his father there as a boy - He won four Pulitzer Prizes in his career as a poet - Many people found comfort in his poetry with the distinct descriptions and feelings put into them from his life's difficulties

22: Works Cited "The Top 100." The Atlantic. 2007. Atlantic Monthly. 9 July 2008 . "Robert Frost- Biography and Works." The Literature Network. 11 July 2008 . "William Faulkner." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 11 Jul 2008, 09:01 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 . MHRA style "Ernest Hemingway His Life and Works." 2007. 11 July 2008 . "Herman Melville." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 12 Jul 2008, 17:53 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 . "Harriet Beecher Stowe." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 10 Jul 2008, 20:21 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 .

23: "Henry David Thoreau." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 13 Jul 2008, 02:49 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 . "Ralph Waldo Emerson." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 10 Jul 2008, 14:44 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 . "Walt Whitman." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 15 Jun 2008, 13:40 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 . "Official Web Site of Mark Twain." 5 July 2006. Estate of Mark Twain. 12 July 2008 . "Nathaniel Hawthorne." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 12 Jul 2008, 11:52 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Jul 2008 .

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