FC: The Way Westward Expansion and the Industrial Revolution Shaped the United States! By: Jessica Tunbridge
2: An idea that came about around 1814 is the factory system. This is a system that brings manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency. This significantly changed the way goods were made. It allowed goods to be made much faster. This also ended up to be an important step in the Industrial Revolution.
3: Another idea that really helped to change the way things were made are interchangeable parts. These are identical parts that can easily be changed in machines to keep them working properly.
5: All of these photos are pictures of what the original document of the first census of the United States looked like. This census was taken in 1790. However this census was mainly taken of the population east of the Appalachian mountains. However this changed in later years because in 1820, 30 years after the first census, the population changed. It doubled to about 10 million, with about 2 million living west of the Appalachian mountains.
7: The production of cotton changed dramatically. With the new textile mills and the cotton gin, the demand for cotton increased . Since the cotton gin made it easier and less expensive to clean cotton, more farmers planted more. Therefore, between 1790 and 1820 cotton production increased from about 3,000 bales a year to more than 300,000.
8: This Act allowed us to pay the Native Americans to move west. Which is why you can also look at this in a political angle because a law had to be passed in order for us to legally be able to pay Native Americans to move west. | A major event that took place because of the geography of an area is the Indian Removal Act. This took place because people thought that the area west of the Mississippi was dry and unsuitable for farming whereas the southeast where many Native Americans lived was ideal farming land. | This was why it was proposed that the Native Americans be forced out off of their land in the southeast and move west of the Mississippi River. That way we could have good farming land. Which is what led congress to pass the Indian Removal Act in 1830.
9: The Cherokee Refused to give up their land. They wanted to stay where all of their ancestors had lived decades before. They sued Georgia for trying to force them off their land. Their case eventually went to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee.Only the Federal Government had authority over matters involving the Cherokee. | In 1835 the government persuaded a few Cherokee to sign a treaty giving up their land, but most of the 17,000 Cherokee still would not honor the treaty. In 1838 General Winfield Scott and an army of 7,000 federal troops came to remove the Cherokee from their homes and move west. This was known as the Trail of Tears.
11: When the depression hit people hard many people formed societies to gather information about Oregon and to plan to make the long 2,000 mile trip there. Tens of thousands of people made the trip. They gathered in Independence, Missouri to follow the Oregon trail.
12: One of the decisions people made during this time period is the decision to make a national road. That way travel would be made easier.
13: Sectionalism occurred after the era of good feelings. A lot of regional differences came about. Many Americans felt a strong allegiance to the region where they lived. Many different regions felt differently about certain issues, which caused for a lot of conflict between groups of people.
15: After the president James Monroe announced he wasn't going to run for a third term in 1824. The four candidates that competed for presidency were William H. Crawford, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and John Quincy Adams. William H. Crawford was the only one of the four who wasn't a favorite son candidate. | However Jackson didn't get elected president that year because Henry Clay met with Adams and Clay used his influence as Speaker of the House to defeat Jackson. With Clay's help Adams was elected President and Clay became secretary of state. Jackson's followers accused the two men of making a corrupt bargain and stealing the election. | Andrew Jackson received the largest number of popular votes, but no candidate received a majority of electoral votes. However, Jackson had a plurality which means that he had the largest single share.
16: In the election of 1828, Jackson received most of the votes. This time he won by a landslide with 56 percent of popular votes and 178 electoral votes. He remained president until 1836. | During Jackson's presidency he made many enemies and had the support of many people. President Jackson also battled the bank of the United States. Although this bank had been chartered by congress, it was run by private bankers, not elected officials. The bank's president, Nicholas Biddle, represented everything Jackson was against. In the election of 1832 the bank played a big role. When Jackson was re-elected he ordered the withdrawal of all government deposits from the bank. Then in 1836 he refused to sign a new charter for the bank and it closed.
17: The next president to get elected was Van Buren. He became president in 1837. However, many problems occurred in the economy when he was president.
19: A major event that had to do with the economy was the California Gold Rush.More than 80,000 people went to California looking for gold just in 1849. Those people were called forty-niners. | Many of the forty-niners came to California in search of quick profits. This is because by the end of 1848 people had taken about 6 million dollars of gold from the American river. | The gold rush made California's economy very successful. The population grew dramatically too.
20: Another major thing that helped the economy was the building of the Erie Canal. This gave many people jobs, because it was man made and 363 miles long. It took more than two years of digging. It opened October 26, 1825. The Erie canal started a series of canal building. By 1850 the United States had 3,600 miles of canals.
21: An economy scare would be the panic of 1837. This started a depression.During this time land values dropped sharply, investments declined suddenly, and many banks failed. A lot of people lost their jobs so it was a struggle for everyone.
23: Outside of work many western families gathered for social events. During some of these social events men wrestled, women got together for sewing and quilting. Another thing many people got together for was corn husking.
24: A popular song back in the 1820's was called "Gaily the Troubadour". This song was written by an English songwriter and dramatist, Thomas Haynes Bayly. He lived from 1797 through 1839. He is also known for the source of the quote "Absence makes the heart grow fonder."
25: The lyrics to this song are: Gaily the troubadour touched his guitar, when he was hast'ning home from the war Singing from Palestine hither I come; lady love, lady love welcome me home. Singing from Palestine hither I come; lady love, lady love welcome me home She, for the troubadour hopelessly wept, sadly she thought of him when others slept. Singing I search of thee would I might roam; troubadour troubadour come to thy home Singing I search of thee would I might roam troubadour troubadour come to thy home Hark! 'twas the troubadour singing her name; under the battlement softly he came Singing from Palestine hither I come; lady love, lady love welcome me home. Singing from Palestine hither I come lady love, lady love, welcome me home
27: Useful inventions would be the spinning jenny or the water frame. These two inventions spun thread. Which also helped with cotton production.
28: The power loom was another very important invention. It wove thread into cloth, which helped to save money and time in the making of cloth. Which helped make life a lot easier for many people.
29: The cotton gin was an important invention.It made cotton production a lot easier. The cotton gin removed the seeds from the cotton fiber. This allowed one worker to clean cotton as fast as 50 people working by hand.
30: Critical | Thinking
31: Cause and Effect *How did events affect people's lives, community, and the world? The event of the California gold rush affected peoples lives by gaining them money, that way they could have an easier way of life. It affected the community by bringing more people to California to live there permanently. It affected the world by bringing more gold that would be able to be made into jewelry and sold. Change and Continuity *What has changed? The Erie canal has been improved so bigger boats carrying more things can transport them easier and not harm the foundation of the Erie Canal. Using the Past *How is the past similar to the present? The past is similar to the present because people still have to make money to live and there are still times where it could be easy to fall into a depression.
32: Turning Points * How did decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? A decision that affected people's lives was when we payed Native Americans to move from their land. This caused people to settle in different areas then they would have if they hadn't been forced off their land. Through Their Eyes *How did people in the past view their world? People in the past viewed their world as a time for change. They knew it was hard work to live but they also thought that anything could happen. They thought it was amazing seeing all of the new inventions being created to make life easier.
33: Works Cited: | Appleby, Joyce. Brinkley, Alan. Broussard, Albert. McPherson, James. Ritchie, Donald. The American Republic. New York: The McGraw- Hill, 2005.