African American Scientists

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African American Scientists - Page Text Content

BC: By Justin Goodson

FC: African Amercan Scientists For Science class

1: Benjamin Bannekar Benjamin Banneker was born in Maryland on November 9, 1731. farmer of modest means, Banneker nevertheless lived a life of unusual achievement. In 1753, the young man borrowed a pocket watch from a well-to-do neighbor; he took it apart and made a drawing of each component, then reassembled the watch and returned it, fully functioning, to its owner. He calculated the proper number of teeth for each gear and the necessary relationships between the gears, he constructed a working wooden clock that kept accurate time and struck the hours for over 50 years. At age 58, Banneker began the study of astronomy and was soon predicting future solar and lunar eclipses. He compiled the ephemeris

2: He joined the faculty at Howard university in 1944 as an instructor | David Blackwell He wass born in April 24,1919. At the age of 22 he earned a Ph. D in mathematics. He advanced studyy in 1941 at Princeton. He also met the John von Neumann who asked blackwell about his thesis.

3: Beard's design, is sometimes cited as the first successful "knuckle" type coupler, but his design is an improvement on an earlier patent awarded to Eli H. Janney | Andrew J. Beard was an African-American inventor. Some people say he was a man of many talents. Andrew was born in Alabama in 1949. He was a farmer, carpenter, blacksmith, real estate capitalist, railroad worker, and inventor. Andrew was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

4: Director of ASTRP courses in Physics at Howard University. | Herman Branson was born on August 14, 1914. Herman Branson received a B.S. from Virginia State College in 1936. In 1939 he received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Cincinnati under the famous Boris Padowski. Appointed Assistant Professor of Physics and Chemistry at Howard University, 1941-43.

5: He was also a is an African American inventor, physicist, and space scientist. | George Carruthers was born in Cincinnati. He was in the navy. He created the first moon based observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Camera. It was used on Apollo 16 mission.

6: He came up with many uses for peanuts | George Washington Carver was born on July 12,1864. He worked in agricultural extension at Tuskegee Institution. He also taught former slaves former technique.

7: Jewell P. Cobb was born in Chicago on January 17, 1924. She earned a Bachelor of Science from Talladega College in 1944. She earned a Master of Science from New York University in 1947. Dr. Cobb earned a Ph.D. in Cellular Biology from New York University in 1950. Dr. Jewell Cobb has been President and Professor of Biological Science, Emerita, at California State University at Fullerton, and Trustee Professor at California State University, Los Angeles. Dr. Cobb's family valued education. Dr. Cobb’s mother had strong views about the value of education.

8: In 1943, Drew's distinction in his profession was recognized when he became the first African American surgeon to serve as an examiner on the American Board of Surgery. | Charles Drew He was born in Washington D.C.. He was an physician. He researched in the field of blood transfusion. He also protested against the practice of racial segregation

9: Mae Carol Jemison was born on October 17, 1956 in Decatur,Alabama.Mae Jemison is a physician and a former astronaut. She was the first black woman to travel to space. She had over 190 hours of space time over her career. Her best mision STS-47. After completing her medical internship, Jemison joined the staff of the Peace Corps and served as a Peace Corps Medical Officer from 1983 to 1985 responsible for the health of Peace Corps Volunteers serving in Liberia and Sierra Leone. In 1993 Jemison started her own company, the Jemison Group that researches, markets, and develops science and technology for daily life.

10: Frederick McKinley Jones was born on May 17, 1893. He was an African-American inventor who patented several products in the field of refrigeration. He had over 60 patents. He patented over 60 invents. He invented refrigeration system for trucks. He was born in Kentucky. He also made several innovations for sound equipment for "talkie" movies. Mr. Jones was the first African American to be awarded with the American National Medal of Technology. His refrigeration unit became the first product of the Thermo King Corporation founded by Joe Numero.

11: He was born in alabama. During his lifetime he received more than 130 chemical patents. Julian was the second African American to receive a doctorate in chemistry. | Percy Julian Percy was a research chemist and a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants.. He introduced steroids. he was the second to get a doctrate.

12: He believed that scientists should study whole cells under normal conditions, rather than simply breaking them apart in a laboratory setting. | Ernest Just Ernest was a pioneering black U.S. biologist. Ernest was born in Charleston, South Carolina in 1883 to parents Charles Frazier Just Jr. and Mary Matthews Just.

13: Lewis Howard Latimer was an African American inventor and draftsman. | Lewis Latimer Lewis was born on Septmeber 4, 1848. Though Thomas Alva Edison is credited with the invention of the light bulb, Latimer made significant contributions to its further development.

14: Walter Massey He was born in Mississippi on April 5, 1938. Walter was physicist and business leader. Massey graduated from Morehouse college

15: Garrett Morgan Garrett was born in Kentucky on March 4, 1877. He invented gas masks and a hair straightener. He died in Ohio

16: Eslanda Robeson Eslanda was born in New York in December of 1896. She graduated form Columbia in 1923. She was the first African American to become a analytical chemist

17: Charles Turner Charles was born in Ohio in 1867. Charles attended Clark university. Turner was an zoologist and inventor.

18: Ernest Wilkens Ernest was born on November 27, 1923 in CHicago, Illnois. He went the University of chicago. He completed a B.S. in mathematics in 1940

19: In 1898, Dr. Williams married Alice Johnson, daughter of the sculptor Moses Jacob Ezekiel. | Daniel Williams Daniel was born in Pennslyvania on January 18, 1856. He went to medical school. He was an African American surgeon. Williams is known today for performing an early surgery on the pericardium, repairing a knife wound with the use of sutures.

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