FC: ABC Book of Earth's Physical Features By: Emma G. 3rd Hour
1: A Archipelago A group of many islands. | Hawaii, USA Hawaii has it's own time zone. Hawaii is the only state that grows coffee in the U.S. It has the biggest mountain range in the world.
2: B Butte A hill with steep sides and a flat roof. | Devil's Tower, Wyoming,USA It's more than 4 football fields tall. It was the First National Monument. The top was first reached by 2 local cowboys.
3: C Canyon a deep gorge, usually with water going through it. | Bryce Canyon, Utah It was named after Ebenezer Bryce. On a good day the visibility on Bryce canyon can exceed 100 miles. There are 400 plant species in Bryce Canyon.
4: D Desert A dry land with no water or food. | The Sahara Desert
5: E Escarpment A long steep slope
6: F Flood Plain | A flat or nearly flat land next to a river or stream.
7: G Glacier A slow moving mass of ice. | Mendenhall Glacier, Alaska | Mendenhall glacier is moving back 200 feet a year The Mendenhall Glacier takes about 80 years to complete the journey from its mountain source to the modest-size lake it has created within Juneau's city limits. It starts out a mile thick at the top and ends a mere 150 feet thick at the face.
8: on top of | H Highlands An area of high mountain or land.
9: I Isthmus A narrow strip of land with sea on either side.
10: J Fjord A long, narrow, deep river of sea between cliffs. | Geirangerfjord, Norway The Geirangerfjord has been declared one of Norway's UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The erosion of Mountain kerneset is a danger to the fjord and will at some point likely erase the Geirangerfjord as we know it. Popular activities at the Geirangerfjord include hiking and fishing and renting boats and kayaks.
11: K Lake A large body of water surrounded by land. | Lake Superior, Minnesota USA Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake. Waves as large as 31 feet have been recorded, and Lake Superior is the grave of more than 325 ships. Twenty-two streams deliver clean, forest and mountain waters to the big lake.
12: L Lagoon A stretch of salt water separated from the sea. | The Blue Lagoon, Iceland
13: M Marsh An area of land that is flooded.
14: N Mountain A large evelation on the earth's surface. | K2, North of Pakistan
15: O Ocean a alrge expanse of sea | Pacific Ocean
16: P Plain An area of flat land. | The Snake River Plain, Southeren Idaho
17: Q Aquifer A rock that can retriveve water.
18: R Reef a ridge of jagged rock, coral, or sand just above or below the sea. | The Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Austrailia
19: S Strait A passage of water connecting two seas or large areas of water.
20: T Tundra A flat treeless Arctic region which the subsoil is frozen.
21: V Valley A low area between hills or mountains.. | U Plateau An area of high ground.
22: W Waterfall a cascade of water falling from height. Iguazu Falls Puerto Iguaza, Argentina
23: Y Geyser A hot spring in which water intermittently boils, sending a tall column of water into the air. Old Faithful, Yellow Stone National Park. Old faithful was named in 1870 by the Washburn Party and was the first geyser in the park to receive a name. An eruption can shoot 3,700 - 8,400 gallons of boiling water to a height of 106 - 184 feet lasting from 112 - 5 minutes. More than 137,000 eruptions have been recorded.