S: American Literature-Realism
FC: Realism- Literary Characteristics
1: During the period of Realism, America was becoming self-conscious and regional writers were beginning to write about various aspects. Americans in this time period were interested in looking at the scenery across the United States.
2: Writers in the south wrote about the swamps where the cypress grew out of green-scummed water.
3: Writers in the northern cities wrote about the different races in the cities. While the mid-western writers wrote about the dust and hailstorms.
4: Principles of Realism: 1. Insistence upon and defense of "the experienced commonplace." 2. Character more important than plot. 3. Attack upon romanticism and romantic writers. 4. Emphasis upon morality often self-realized and upon an examination of idealism. 5. Concept of realism as a realization of democracy.
5: Characteristic of Realistic Writing: -The philosophy of realism is known as "descendental" or non-transcendental. -The subject matter of realism is drawn from "our experience" -Style of realism is the vehicle which carries realistic philosophy, subject matter, and morality.
7: Realistic Writing Techniques: 1. Settings thoroughly familiar to the writer. 2. Plots emphasizing the norm of daily experience. 3. Ordinary characters, studied in depth. 4. Complete authorial objectivity 5. Responsible morality; a world truly reported.
8: There is the belief among the realists that humans control their destinies.
9: Realistic Writing: -The use of symbolism is controlled and limited; realists depend more on images. -Realism is a technique that denotes a particular kind of subject matter, mostly the representation of the middle-class lifestyle.
10: Realistic Writers: Bret Harte, Mark Twain, Edward Eggleston, George W. Cable, William Harben, Mary Noailles Murfree, Sarah O. Jewett, Mary E. Wilkins, Haraold Frederick, Hamlin Garland, Henry Blake, Henry Harland, Ralph Emerson, and Henry Thoreau.
12: "Realism is nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of material" -William Dean Howells
14: Sources: http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap5/5intro.html-May 25, 2010 http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-196296/American-literature- June 2, 2010 http://www.wsu.edu/~cambelld/amlit/realism.htm- June 2, 2010
15: Picture Source: www.yahoo.com/images