S: CAMBODIA KILLING FIELDS
BC: After the genocide, Cambodia's economy was ruined by Pol Pot's policies. There were no longer professional occupations such as engineers or technicians. About two million people were found dead. | After the Vietnamese invaded Kampuchea and overthrew the Khmer Rouge, Cambodia slowly started to regain their form of government. Religions were revived and it was legal to own land. The former Monarch, Prince Sihanouk, was elected to lead the Cambodian government again.
FC: CAMBODIA KILLING FIELDS
1: April 17, 1975 is a very significant date in Cambodian history. On this day the Khmer Rouge, a communist guerilla group, marched into Phnom Penh and took over the government. The Khmer Rouge then had control over Cambodia.
2: Pol Pot was the leader of the Khmer Rouge. One of his main focuses was to create a Maoist Agrarian Utopia. His other main goal was to focus the economy on farming and rice production and to create a communist peasant farming society.
3: Prince Sihanouk, former leader of Cambodia, was bitter against the now military run government joined Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge.
4: During these brutal times, all citizens of cities were forced into the fields to work. Children were split from their parents and family at a young age either to be a laborer or a soldier. If you didn’t agree or pledge allegiance to the Khmer Rouge you were executed.
5: Anyone who showed signs of intellect (glasses etc.) was killed. Also if your education exceeded past grade seven you were killed. About 28% of Cambodians population was killed by starvation, overwork, and execution. All institutions were banned such as stores, banks, hospitals, schools, religion, churches and family. | People who were suspected of treachery and sabotage were often held in a prison called Tuol Sleng (S-21) to be executed. Instead of wasting ammunition, the executions were usually done by smashing the victims’ skull.