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Catharine Beecher

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S: Catharine Beecher

FC: Catharine Beecher

1: Notice: I do not agree with most of her ideas or opinions

2: Catherine Beecher grew up as the daughter of a prominent New England minister, Rev. Lyman Beecher.

3: Catherine Beecher devoted her life to enabling women to "be more competent and contented in their roles as the caretakers and homemakers." Through her published writing – cookbooks, textbooks, advice books, pamphlets, newspaper articles, and essays – and through her unflagging advocacy, she undertook to provide women with guidance for running their households and raising their children.

4: Written collaboratively with younger sisterHarriet Beecher Stowe, her most widely-read work was The American Woman's Home(1869), a repository of advice on childcare, healthcare, management of household finances, and other domestic duties.

5: In her efforts to expand educational opportunities for women, she worked to improve a system in which teachers often possessed inadequate knowledge of academic material, girls pursued mostly "ornamental" activities such as embroidery or piano, and some communities, especially those in the rapidly expanding western frontier, had no schools at all. She founded academies for young women where instructors emphasized the importance of students' physical, moral, and intellectual development. She also advocated the feminization of the teaching profession, claiming that women's nurturing, moral dispositions made them natural educators, thus opening up a decently paying, socially respectable career to women who needed – or chose – to work.

6: In her efforts to expand educational opportunities for women, she worked to improve a system in which teachers often possessed inadequate knowledge of academic material, girls pursued mostly "ornamental" activities such as embroidery or piano, and some communities, especially those in the rapidly expanding western frontier, had no schools at all. She founded academies for young women where instructors emphasized the importance of students' physical, moral, and intellectual development. She also advocated the feminization of the teaching profession, claiming that women's nurturing, moral dispositions made them natural educators, thus opening up a decently paying, socially respectable career to women who needed – or chose – to work.

7: In 1852, she founded the American Woman's Educational Association with the goal of recruiting and training teachers for frontier schools. She continued to advocate for teachers until her death in 1878. Although she was influential in providing women with the education necessary to become teachers, her efforts to transform teaching into women's work ultimately led to a further decline in the social esteem accorded the teaching profession.

8: Quotes "It is to mothers and to teachers that the world is to look for the character which is to be enstamped on each succeeding generation, for it is to them that the great business of education is almost exclusively committed. And will it not appear by examination that neither mothers nor teachers have ever been properly educated for their profession?" --Suggestions Respecting Improvements in Education "[Women] have acquired wisdom from the observation and experience of others on almost all other subjects, but the philosophy of the direction and control of the human mind has not been an object of thought to study. And thus it appears that, though it is woman's express business to rear the body and form the mind, there is scarcely anything to which her attention has been less directed." --Suggestions Respecting Improvements in Education

9: "Woman's great mission is to train immature, weak and ignorant creatures to obey the laws of God; the physical, the intellectual, the social and the moral." --An Address to the Christian Women of America "That there is a best way of teaching as well as of doing everything else cannot be disputed, and this can be no more learned by intuition than can any of the mechanical arts." --Suggestions Respecting Improvements in Education "If all females were not only well educated themselves but were prepared to communicate in an easy manner their stores of knowledge to others; if they not only knew how to regulate their own minds, tempers, and habits but how to effect improvements in those around them, the face of society would be speedily changed."

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Karolina W.
  • By: Karolina W.
  • Joined: almost 7 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
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  • Title: Catharine Beecher
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  • Published: almost 7 years ago

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