S: The Causes of the Civil War
FC: The Causes of the Civil War | By: Travis B.
2: The Differences | The North and the South regions were very different even though they were both part of the same country. For example: The South thought they needed slaves to work on their plantations. However, the North had factories that did not need slaves so they were against slavery, these people were called abolitionists or anti-slavery people.
3: The Missouri compromise | The North and the South started to argue over slavery, of coarse the South was saying stuff like "This state should be a slave state!", and the North"NO! It should be slave-free!". Later, abolitionist, Henry Clay came up with a compromise that he told to the government and should make the North and the South settle down a bit. He said that if the south gained Missouri as a slave state which is just above Louisiana, than the North would get Maine as an anti-slave stat which is the very SouthEast of Canada(literally). They also made a line in the middle of the U.S., 36 30' N, this line was created to state that any future state NW of this line would be slave-free.
4: Abolitionists and the Underground Railroad | Fredrick Douglas, a former slave, told the other abolitionists how to put an end to put an end to slavery, Fredrick convinced others that this would be a good idea, they would sneakily transport them to freedom/Canada which has no slavery, they called this path, "The Underground Railroad", now it wasn't really "Underground", or a "Railroad". They called it underground to keep the trail secret and railroad to keep it secret to but there where also little stops along the way to Canada called "Stations". This gave the slaves a little brake to take a rest, sleep, eat a bit, and all the stuff they need to survive. Harriet Tubman was a slave, after she made it to freedom, she went back and helped many dozen more to Canada safely. This was a very difficult journey for the slaves.
5: The Compromise of 1850 | The North and the South were starting to argue again even after all that has been done. The North and the South both wanted California to be under their opinion whether it had slaves or not, and in this case they couldn't depend on the Missouri compromise because California would be split in half if it was for the Missouri compromise. So, In 1850, Henry Clay presented a new way to make them both happy. He said if California became a non-slave state than any run-away slave that escaped North into the other states than they would have to be returned to their owners, this was called the fugitive slave act. Even after THIS they were both still unhappy. Later, Abe Lincoln made the prediction that the U.S> would not be able to go on as a half slave/half non slave country forever.
6: "Bleeding Kansas" | The U.S. had added Kansas now as a new state. They also added Nebraska too. Although Kansas was North of the 36 30' N line, the South still wanted it as a slave state, because of this , congress changed the rules to where they would be able to vote on whether or not it had slaves. Both the North and South hurried to Kansas to vote. After polling was over, the pro-slavery settlers won, but the North didn't except the victory of the South. The North stated that the South had cheated by voting illegally. In Lawrence, Kansas, a pro-slavery mob arrested some anti-slavery leaders. An abolitionist, John Brown killed some pro-slavery supporters. Many southerners died.
7: The Election of Abe Lincoln | The new president of the U.S., Abe Lincoln, Knew he could solve the slavery problem, but all this did was make the south even angrier!! He would allow Slaves in the SE part of the U.S. and Kansas, but wouldn't let the slave states spread across the country. The South became so upset that they created their own country and seceded from America, except for the following four states: Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Maryland. The states that seceded America are called the C.S.A.(Confederate Sates of America) or the confederacy. You might of also heard of confederates, these are people who support the confederacy.