S: Farrow 1B
FC: Cell Organelle Project | Mimi Hoang Cullen Bodey
1: Scientists | Virchow | Schleiden | Schwam | Hooke | "Cells reproduce other cells." | "All plants have cells." | "All animals have cells." | Sliced open a cork and noticed cell walls were similar to boxes in cells.
2: Prokaryote Cells | They are the smallest and simplest of cells. They do not have a nucleus. Their DNA floats freely in the cell. They do not have cell walls. Several have a flagella. Example: Bacteria
3: Eukaryotic Cells | They contain both a nucleus and a cell membrane. The vacuole is much smaller in comparison to plant cells. Example: Animals
4: Plant Cell | They contain chloroplasts that contributes to photosynthesis. They have a central vacuole.
5: Animal Cell | They contain a cell membrane and a nucleus but no cell wall. The vacuole is much smaller in comparison to a plant cell's.
6: Cell Structures | Flagella- Long thread like structures found on both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. | Cilia- Short hair like structures found on eukaryotic cells. | Nucleus- Has several pores on the surface that allows proteins to channel in and out of the nucleus. Contains a nucleolus inside. | Endoplasmic Reticulum- A system of internal membranes. Rough ER- Has ribosomes attached. Smooth ER- No ribosomes attached. | Ribosome- Round dots where proteins are made. | Golgi Apparatus- "Packaging and Distribution Center." Modifies proteins and moves them around the cell. | Chloroplasts- Has 2 membranes. Uses light energy to make food for plants. | Cell Wall- Surrounds the cell membrane for structure and support. | Lysosome- Digests and recycles the cell's waste. | Centriole- Comes together to make a spindle. Moves chromosomes.
7: Cell Membrane | Protects the interior of the cell from the outside environment. Both plant and animal cells have a cell membrane.
8: Homeostasis | Maintaining an internal stability and balance.