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Civil War

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FC: The Civil War | By: Morgan Mangum

1: The American civil war was fought between the North (Union States) and the south (Confederate States). The civil war lasted 4 years form 1861-1865 the conflict that left the South defeated and ended slavery.

2: Section 1 Causes of the Civil War

4: In the mid 1800s conflict started because the North wanted the south to give up farms to build factories, how much control the government should have and mainly the abolishment of slavery.

5: In 1860 when Abraham Lincoln became president, 11 southern states withdrew from the Union and they were called the Confederate States of America.

6: section 2 Outbreak of the Civil War

7: On April 12, 1861 shots were fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. This was the beginning of the Civil War.

8: Section 3 Major battles and outcomes

9: In 1861 was the first major battle the first bull run. people thought it would be the shortest and end the war. it ended with the confederate victory

10: The Battle of Antietam September 1862, General Lee lead the Confederate troops into the North. This battle led to the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln.

11: Emancipation proclamation freed slaves in all Confederate states still in rebellion

12: Union victory On July 3, 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg. This was the turning point in the war. haltered Confederate advance in the north, psychological blow to confederacy.

13: In the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln said the Civil War was to preserve a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people." | Gettysburg Address purpose was to honor the people fighting for our nation who died in a cemetery

14: From December 1862 to July 1863, the Battle of Vicksburg was fought in Mississippi. This Union victory split the Confederacy in two, with the North controlling the Mississippi River. Grant had twice as many soldiers as confederate soldiers were starving and low on ammunition when General Pemberton surrendered.

15: Sherman's March, 1864- March 1865 Sherman's army cut a path of destruction through Georgia and South Carolina, breaking southern morale.

16: General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865, ending the Civil War.

17: Weapons Of the Civil war

18: Section 5 Political Leaders

20: Abraham Lincoln President of the United States Opposed slavery passed Emancipation Proclamation | Election of 1864 Bitterness and uncertainty clouded the election of 1864. Lincoln was elected for a second term. this was important because it would determine the direction of the war.

21: Ulysses S. Grant General of the Union army that defeated General Robert E. Lee

22: Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States

23: Robert E. Lee Leader of the Army in Northern Virginia Offered the Union command, but chose not to fight against Virginia Opposed secession, but didn't want to force unity Urged Southerners to accept defeat and reunite

24: Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson One of the most skilled Confederate generals, from Virginia

25: George McClellan was a major general during the American Civil War. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly (November 1861 to March 1862) as the general-in-chief of the Union Army

26: Section 6 African Americans participation in the Civil War

28: The Emancipation Proclamation, in January, 1863, made "freeing the slaves" the focus of the war. Many freed slaves joined the Union.

29: African Americans fought in both armies. The Confederacy used slaves as naval crew members and soldiers and the Union enlisted them early in the war. African soldiers did not have equal pay and were discriminated against while serving in segregated units.

30: Works Cited

31: http://americancivilwar.com/kids_zone/causes.html http://jc-schools.net/write/civil-war.htm http://www.radford.edu/sbisset/civilwar.htm http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/KidsInfoBits?locID=ncowl http://www.usconsulate.org.hk/pas/kids/civilwar.htm http://www.civilwarhome.com/weapons.htm

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  • By: Morgan M.
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