S: Elijah of Buxton
BC: Learn about the history of Buxton!
FC: The History | of Buxton
1: Buxton was founded in 1849 in North Buxton, Ontario, Canada by Reverend William King. | Reverend King was an abolitionist who did not believe the ownership of one human being by another. | He wanted to help the fugitive slaves who had fled the U.S. to find freedom in Canada by making a settlement where they could live and prosper.
2: He bought 4,300 acres of land for the settlement. He then divided it into 50 acre lots that were specifically sold to former slaves and free blacks. The land was sold at a reasonable price, so the residents were able to build their own community. | Many rules were put in place to make sure that Buxton was a pleasant place to live.
3: You were able to go to school, no matter what your age was. A second school had to be built because Buxton was thriving so quickly. | Buxton continued to grow in size, especially after the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850. Buxton had agriculture, livestock, a brickyard, grist mill, tramway, general store, blacksmith, shoe factory, hotel, and a bank.
4: During the Civil War, not as many people were migrating to Buxton. About 70 men from Buxton actually went back to America, and they fought in the Civil War. | After the Civil War was over, most of the people who had lived in Buxton went back to America. They were able to find steady jobs and make themselves a good life because of the skills they had learned in Buxton. They also taught their skills to other free African-Americans.
5: Because of Buxton, many people were able to receive a better life and education. It was a stepping stone for the all the slaves who wanted a better life for themselves and their families.