S: Moses Lee
BC: The END
FC: Independent Reading Project Moses Lee
1: Table of Content | Page 2-5 Major Characters: Fredric Henry Catherine Berkley Page 6-7 Setting Page 8-25 Major Plot Events Page 26-27 History Context Page 28-29 Conflict
3: Frederic Henry | Gloomy | "The world all unreal in the dark and so exciting that you must resume again unknowing and not caring the night, sure that was all and all and all and not caring" pg. 13 | Main Characters | Naive | His actions showed his immaturity. He got angry when he didn't get what he wanted. He didn't really knew war. He even treated his relationship between Catherine as a game. | (Beginning)
4: Catherine Barkley
5: Wise | She was able to see through Henry. "You play it as well as you know how. But it's a rotten game." pg 31 | Other times she gave wisdom to Henry and told him of his flaws. It was because of her, Henry progressed with change. | "I suppose all sorts of dreadful things will happen to us. pg. 116 | "I'm not unfaithful, darling. I've plenty of faults but I'm very faithful. You'll be sick of me I'll be so faithful." Pg. 116 | Faithful
6: World War I Italy Front
7: Setting | The setting had a significant impact on the story. It contributed to the development of the plot. | Everything was connected to the war. | Catherine's Husband Death | "I didn't know about anything then. I thought it would be worse for him. I thought perhaps he couldn't stand it and then of course he was killed and that was the end of it." pg. 16 | Internal Conflicts | The war broke minds and hearts. It broke Henry because he spoiled himself with sex and alcohol. "It doesn't finish. There is no finish to war... War is not won by victory... One side must stop fighting. Why don't we stop fighting?" pg. 50
8: A Game or A Love | "She wore what seemed to me to be a nurse's uniform, was blonde and had a tawny skin and gray eyes. I thought she was very beautiful" pg. 18 | "I did not love Catherine Barkley nor had any idea of loving her. This was a game, like bridge, in which you said things instead of playing cards. Like bridge you had to pretend you were playing for money or playing for some stakes." pg. 31 | Henry first met Catherine and found her attractive. Later their relationship moved on but it was still at a point where Henry did not take it seriously.
10: Reality of War | "There was a flash. as when a blast furnace door is swung open, and a roar that started white and went red and out and out and all the time bodily in the wind. pg. 54 | in the jolt of my head I heard somebody crying. I thought someone was screaming. I tried to move but I could not move. I heard the machine-guns and rifles firing across the river and all along the river. pg. 54 | This was an important event because the main character experienced the cold realities of war. Ernest Hemingway does an amazing job, creating such vivid images. In the end of the chapter, Henry feels sick and cold, but he goes on through the night only knowing that this is war.
12: Love at Last | Henry finally realized that he was in love with Catherine. He wanted to marry her; he even pretended that they were married. Happiness was founded in Catherine and so they ended the night with making love together the first time.
13: You can't be ashamed of something if you're only happy and proud of it? pg. 116 | I wanted us to be married really because I worried about having a child if I thought about it, but we pretended to ourselves we were married, really. pg. 115 | She had a lovely face and body and lovely smooth skin too. pg. 114
15: Catherine was afraid of the rain because she saw the rain as her death and also Henry's. She cried but Henry encouraged her. This foreshadowed the death of Catherine. | "I'm afraid of the rain because sometimes I see me dead in it" pg. 126 | "It's all nonsense. It's only nonsense. I'm not afraid of the rain. I'm not afraid of the rain. Oh, oh, God, I wish I wasn't. She was crying I comforted her and she stopped crying. But outside it kept on raining." pg. 126
17: Henry found out that Catherine was three-months pregnant. The baby symbolized Henry's maturity. It showed that he accepted responsibility and found something to sacrifice for.When he returned to the front, Rinaldi hinted if Catherine was good in bed. Henry, instead of answering him , told him to shut up. This response reflected his change in maturity
18: Farewell to Arms
19: "I stepped out into the rain and the carriage started. Catherine leaned out and I saw her face in the light. She smiled and waved... I realized she meant for me to get in out of the rain. I went in and stood and watched the carriage turn the corner. Then I started through the station and down the runway to the train." pg 138 | This event marked the beginning of "all sorts of dreadful things". Henry goes back to his other reality, the war. A last farewell between the two couples as the rain separates them.
20: "I opened up my holster, took the pistol, aimed at the one who had talked the most, and fired. I missed and they both started to run. I shot three times and dropped one. The other went through the hedge and was out of sight. I fired at him through the hedge as he ran across the field. Pg. 204 | Henry went through a surprising change. He immediately shot the two soldiers after those two warnings, ignoring the fact that they are allies. This showed the severity of the war and its impact on Henry, the change that caused him to take such action.
23: "The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry." pg. 259 | He made this statement which showed that the world was not a safe place, showing his wisdom and experience from the war.
25: Catherine gave birth to a baby boy, but it was not pleasant for her. When she delivered, it rained. When she died, Henry stood in the rain. | I went out and left the hospital and walked back to the hotel in the rain. pg. 332
26: Historical Context
27: Alcoholism and sex were very common in this book. That is because it showed the immorality of the 1920s. | Geography Gonizia, Italian Front, WW1 lasted from 1915-1918. | Revealed light on the grim natures of World War 1 | Prosperity after the war before the market crash in 1929
29: Henry was faced with war, the problem was that he just wanted the war to be over. | He met Catherine who took him away from the present War. | As time passed, he was forced to join the war again and fight. | He left the Italian Army after he was separated from his friends by doing this, in his mind, he decided that the war was over for him. | In the end, he learned that ""The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry." pg. 259