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Hoehn,5

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S: Mitsuo Fuchida

FC: Mitsuo Fuchida's Attack on Pearl Harbor

1: Pearl Harbor was bombed by the Japanese. WWII started after the bombing. | Japan suddenly attacks Hawaii. U.S. and Britain involved in fighting at sea. | 3,000 die at pearl harbor. Congress declares war.

2: The battle includes Manila area. 1,500 bombers dead in Hawaii. | Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. This is how they declared war on U.S.

3: Dear diary, I would like to tell you about my life in Japan. I was born in Nagao, Nara prefecture, on December 3, 1902. My father was a primary school principal. I was admitted to the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy. I graduated at the top of my class in 1924. After graduating I went on a tour of America and saw the American warship fleet. After seeing all those ships I was convinced that there would be a war between the U.S and Japan. In 1927, I was admitted to flight school and completed my training onboard the warship Kaga. After a few years of service I was allowed into the Yokosuka Air Corps, I specialized in bombing. A short time after flying I became an instructor at Yokosuka. I then developed a nine plane diving formation to be used in bombing enemy ships. I am proud to say the Japanese military adopted this formation and made it a standard tactic in WWII. In November 1939, I was transferred to an air plane group aboard the war carrier Akagi and made Squadron leader. After two years of intense training I was made lead staff officer to lead the attack on Hawaii. In my next letter I will tell you all about that day at Pearl Harbor. Mitsuo Fuchida

4: Dear diary, I am writing to tell you what happened on December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor. One hour and forty minutes after leaving the carries I knew we would be getting close to our goal. It was extremely cloudy that December morning and I had difficulty seeing land. As I got closer to Hawaii clouds parted and I could see Oahu. I was just a few minutes from the final destination, the U.S Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. As the harbor became visible I needed to get out my binoculars. I could then see the ships sitting peacefully in the harbor. One by one I counted them. All the battleships were there, all eight of them! However, I hoped to find some carries in the harbor too. Not one was to be seen. It was 0749 when I ordered my radioman to send the command, “Attack!” Our prearranged code signal for attack was, “Tora, Tora, Tora.” My torpedo panes dive bombers and fighter struck with fury. | Dear diary, I am writing to tell you what happened on December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor. One hour and forty minutes after leaving the carries I knew we would be getting close to our goal. It was extremely cloudy that December morning and I had difficulty seeing land. As I got closer to Hawaii clouds parted and I could see Oahu. I was just a few minutes from the final destination, the U.S Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. As the harbor became visible I needed to get out my binoculars. I could then see the ships sitting peacefully in the harbor. One by one I counted them. All the battleships were there, all eight of them! However, I hoped to find some carries in the harbor too. Not one was to be seen. It was 0749 when I ordered my radioman to send the command, “Attack!” Our prearranged code signal for attack was, “Tora, Tora, Tora.” My torpedo panes dive bombers and fighter struck with fury. As smoke began to billow the battleships started tilting, my heart filled with joy. During the next three hours, I commanded the fifty level bombers as they dropped bombs not only on Pearl Harbor, but the airfields, barracks and dry docks nearby. Then I circled at a higher altitude to accurately see the damage and report it to m superiors. Of the eight battleships in the harbor, five were damaged too much for use. Only three were salvaged much later. This was the most thrilling accomplishment of my career. I had always dreamed of becoming an Admiral. I had hoped this day brought me closer to this dream. Mitsuo Fuchida

5: As smoke began to billow the battleships started tilting, my heart filled with joy. During the next three hours, I commanded the fifty level bombers as they dropped bombs not only on Pearl Harbor, but the airfields, barracks and dry docks nearby. Then I circled at a higher altitude to accurately see the damage and report it to m superiors. Of the eight battleships in the harbor, five were damaged too much for use. Only three were salvaged much later. This was the most thrilling accomplishment of my career. I had always dreamed of becoming an Admiral. I had hoped this day brought me closer to this dream. Mitsuo Fuchida

6: Dear diary, During the next four years after Pearl Harbor, I was determined to keep up my lucky streak. I saw action in the Solomon Islands, Java, and Indian Ocean. Just before the Battle of Midway on June 4, 1942, I had an appendicitis attack and was unable to fly. While I was lying in bed I could hear the sounds of firing all around me. By the end of that day, we suffered our first major defeat and lost ten warships. After that day things got worse for Japan. I did not want to surrender; I would have rather fought to the last man. After the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Emperor announced that we would surrender. My time as a hero was short. Mitsuo Fuchida

7: This pin was handed out during the war. Handed out to Americans. | Current money at the time of pearl harbor. Many are still used. | On the left is Mitsuo and his pane. On the right is a print out of his plane.

8: 1-August 1941: commander Mitsuo was picked to train pilots of Japan's first air fleet for the attack on Pearl Harobr 2-December 7, 1941: Mitsuo took off at 0600 in his war plane from the Japanese aircraft Akagi | 3-December 7,1941: Mitsuo led the surprise attack on U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor 4-December 7,1941: Mitsuo says the attack signal "Tora, Tora, Tora" 5- December 7,1941: Mitsuo led the air squadron of 360 planes into Pearl Harbor | 6-December 7, 1941: The first planes released their bomg on Pearl Harbor at 0800 7-December 7, 1941 The first attack planes of the Japanese imperial Navy come in from the North to drop

9: 8-December7, 194: All three of the American Army Airfields were targets of Mitsuo's fighter planes 9- December 7,1941:The U.S.S Arizona with 1177 crew lay in the mud on the bottom of Pearl Harbor | 10-Decemer 7,1941: The attack at Pearl Harbor catapulted the U.S. into the Second World War

10: Soldiers watch as smoke pours from next ship. They watch as sailors jump to safety. | The USS California burning. Leaning to side after being hit by bombs. | Huge ball of smoke rises from USS Arizona. As Japanese aircraft attack other ships.

11: Map of U.S. airfields. This shows course of attack by Japanese. | Japanese planes fly over Hawaii. Dropping bombs on Pearl Harbor. | After the bombing American planes showed heavy damage. This is the wreckage on Hickman Field.

12: Works Cited -"Mitsuo Fuchida." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 3 May 2010. . -"Pearl Harbor." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 3 May 2010. . -"AP :: Images :: Search Results :: 661207037." AP :: Images :: Home. Web. 10 May 2010. . -"AP :: Images :: Search Results :: 41120701116." AP :: Images :: Home. Web. 10 May 2010. . -"AP :: Images :: Search Results :: 4212070280." AP :: Images :: Home. Web. 10 May 2010. .

13: -"AP :: Images :: Search Results :: 4305040109." AP :: Images :: Home. Web. 10 May 2010. . -Historical Newspapers. Web. 10 May 2010. . Books: -Matanle, Ivor. World War II. New York, N.Y.: Military, 1989. Print. -Prange, Gordon W., Donald M. Goldstein, and Katherine V. Dillon. God's Samurai: Lead Pilot at Pearl Harbor. Washington: Brassey's (US), 1990. Print.

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  • Title: Hoehn,5
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