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How Bills Become Laws

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BC: Now lets visit: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mEJL2Uuv-oQ To watch the School House Rock song on how a bill becomes a law! | Created By: Starr Demetreon | Visit my lesson plan at http://2inspire.pbwiki.com/Mixbook-Lesson-Plan

FC: How a Bill Becomes a Law | A) The bill is introduced- Any member can introduce a piece of legislation. HOUSE- The legislation is then handed to a clerk of the HOUSE SENATE- Members must gain recognition of the presiding officer to announce the bill during the morning hour. If any Senator objects the bill is postponed until the next morning. | A) The bill is introduced- Any member can introduce a piece of legislation. HOUSE- The legislation is then handed to a clerk of the HOUSE SENATE- Members must gain recognition of the presiding officer to announce the bill during the morning hour. If any Senator objects the bill is postponed until the next morning. | A) The bill is introduced- Any member can introduce a piece of legislation. HOUSE- The legislation is then handed to a clerk of the HOUSE SENATE- Members must gain recognition of the presiding officer to announce the bill during the morning hour. If any Senator objects the bill is postponed until the next morning. | A) The bill is introduced- Any member can introduce a piece of legislation. HOUSE- The legislation is then handed to a clerk of the HOUSE SENATE- Members must gain recognition of the presiding officer to announce the bill during the morning hour. If any Senator objects the bill is postponed until the next morning.

1: A) The bill is introduced- Any member can introduce a piece of legislature. HOUSE- The legislature is then handed to a clerk of the HOUSE. SENATE- Members must gain recognition of the presiding officer to announce the bill during the morning hour. If any Senator objects the bill is postponed until the next morning. | *Morning Hour- A 90 minute period on Mon. and Tues.in the House set aside for 5 min. speeches from members, on any issue.

2: *The bill is assigned a # *It is labeled with the sponsor's name. *It is sent to the government printing office and copies are made. *They can be jointly sponsored. | B) Commitee Action- the bill is referred to the appropriate committee by the Speaker of the House or the presiding officer of the Senate. Bills may be be sent to more than one committee and may even be split into parts to go to different places. Time limits may be set on them. Bills can ONLY be released from committee without a proper vote by a discharge petition.

3: Discharge Petition- if signed by a majority of the House (218 members), requires a bill to come out of a committee and to a floor of the House.

4: C) Floor Action- 1) Legislation is placed on the calendar. HOUSE- Bills are placed on one of the 4 House calendars. The Speaker of the House and the Majority Leader will decide what will reach the floor and when.SENATE- Legislation is placed on the Legislation calendar, which is also an Executive calendar that deals with treaties and nominations. Scheduling the legislation in the Majority Leader's job.

5: 2) Debate- HOUSE- is limited by rules formed in the rules committee. The Committee of the Whole debates and amends the bill but doesn't technically pass it. The bill is reported back to the House & is voted on. A quorum call is a vote to make sure there are enough members present (218) to have a final vote. If there is not a quorum the House will adjourn or the Seargent at Arms will be sent out to round up the members.

7: Debate: The Senate- debate is unlimited, members can speak as long as they want to on a bill. Senators can try to use a filibuster which is an attempt to talk a bill to death.

8: Next comes VOTING on the BILL- When passed by one chamber it is sent to the other. If either chamber does not pass the bill then it dies. If the House and Senate pass the bill then its sent to the president. If the House and Senate pass different bills then it is sent to a conference committee.

9: Conference Committee 1) Members from each house are chosen to come together to work out the differences. 2) If they reach a compromise then they prepare a written conference report that is sent back to the House and the Senate. 3) Then the report must be approved by both the House and the Senate. Then it will be sent to the President for review.

10: The PRESIDENT If the president signs the bill it will become a law. Or if he doesnt sign it within 10 days and Congress is in session. If they are not in session before the 10 days is up it does NOT become a law. If the president vetoes the bill, he will send it back to the Houses with a list of reasons why. They then have the option to override the veto with a 2/3 vote of BOTH Houses.

11: FINALLY when the president signs the bill, or if both Houses override a veto then the bill becomes a LAW! and is assigned an official number.

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  • By: alice d.
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  • Title: How Bills Become Laws
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  • Published: about 8 years ago

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