S: How to Build a Log Cabin Written and Illustrated by Sara's EC Crew 2011-2012
FC: How to Build a Log Cabin | Written and Illustrated by Sara's Early Childhood Crew 2011-2012
1: How to Build a Log Cabin | Written and Illustrated by Sara's Early Childhood Crew 2011-2012 Anser Charter School Boise, Idaho | We would like to dedicate this book to the parents that helped us. Thank you! You are super helpers!
3: 1. Travel to find a good spot. Eat some food and then pack up your stuff. Keep your eyes out for a good spot. Choose a good place with food around you and a river near you. You will need a place with lots of trees and bushes nearby. You will need to grow your own food, so choose a place that has rain, sunshine, and good soil. Find a good smooth, flat spot for your cabin.
5: 2. Collect materials. Chop down trees and bring them to the area you're going to build the house. You will need horses and a wagon to carry the logs. Collect lots of smooth river rocks to help build the chimney. You will need mud and clay to fill in the cracks and build the chimney.
6: chimney | roof | foundation | windows | walls | door
7: 3. Build the foundation. | Cut notches in the logs. Notches are when you put little topless circles in the logs. Dig the two ditches so you can put the logs in it. You dig ditches because if you just put a log on the ground it will roll away. Roll the logs in the ditches. The two ditches should be on opposite sides of the cabin. The notches should be pointing up. Lay two logs on top and across the base logs. Make sure the notches fit together so the logs don't roll away. When you stack the logs, the shape of the house will be a square.
8: walls | foundation | roof | chimney | window | door
9: 4. Make the walls. | Cut the trees the same length. Cut the notches. A notch is a U-shape. You stack the notches together so the logs don't roll away. Stack two logs into the notches of the foundation. Then stack two more across them. Now you have one layer of logs. Keep adding layers of logs. Stack the notches together. Build the walls eight feet tall. Then do the chinking. First you mix the mud and clay together. Then you put the mixture in the cracks between the logs. The chinking keeps your house warm.
10: foundation | door | roof | windows | chimney | walls
11: 5. Make the door. | Find a spot for the door on the east wall of the cabin. Cut open a rectangle hole with an ax. The rectangle hole should be straight up and down and almost touching the ground and the ceiling. Make the wooden slabs to make the door. Lay the wooden slabs side by side. Then a smaller slab goes across the bigger slabs. This holds the slabs together and makes it stronger. Use the auger to drill holes in the slabs for the pegs. Bang the pegs into the holes in the slabs. Hook the door in the rectangle hole in the wall. Test the door to see if it opens. See if the door is stable.
12: roof | foundation | chimney | walls | windows | door
13: 6. Make a roof. | Start by building the skeleton roof. The skeleton roof is skinny pieces of wood that connect together. It will support the slabs. Use an iron wedge to split the log in a thin flat slab. Then make more to cover your roof. Put the slabs on the skeleton roof and nail them down. Slabs get put on the roof and they barely overlap the other slabs. Then you do the the other side. Make them barely overlap each other. Connect two slabs to make an upside down V-shape. Then put it on the tippy top to cover the gap.
14: roof | chimney | wall | door | window | window | foundation
15: 7. Build the chimney. | You need river rocks, dirt, water, a pail, and sticks. Mix the dirt and water in the pail to make the mud. Put the rocks on the ground by the side of the house where you want the chimney to be. Make a square with the rocks. Smear mud on after the rocks. Stack more rocks on the other rocks, but keep it hollow inside. Go higher one layer at a time. Make it narrower as you go. When you get really near the top and the rocks are too heavy, use sticks and mud. Go inside the cabin. Cut a hole where the chimney is for where the fireplace is going to be. It should be the size of a child and needs rocks so it won't burn the house.
16: chimney | roof | windows | foundation | door | walls
17: 8. Make the windows. Cut a square shape in the middle of the wall. Start to cut with an ax and finish with a saw. Cover the windows with oil paper to keep the weather out. Glass would be better, but it is expensive. 9. Make the floor. Chop the wood to make the floor. Split the logs in the middle with an iron wedge. Dig ditches for the logs to rest in. The ditches should be inside the log cabin. Put the log in place so that the flat side is up and round side is down in the ditches. Smooth the log with the ax so you do not get splinters in your bare feet. Repeat it until the floor is finished. | walls | walls
19: Congratulations! Your home is now finished. Now you can protect yourself from bad weather!