FC: Indonesia Genocide By Rachel Furst and Michelle Turner Genocide is systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
1: Table of Contents Nonfiction article-pg 2-3 Nonfiction Article-pg 4-5 Quotes-pg 6-7 Editorial-pg 8-9 Quotes-pg 10-11 Work cited-pg 12
2: President B. J. Habibie of Indonesia capitulated to international pressure and invited the United Nations to send a peacekeeping force to East Timor, conceding that Indonesian forces have been unable to control the violence there. | For many of the nearly 100,000 people who have fled or been forced out of East Timor, the nightmare has not ended. Militia men roam the refugee camps, harassing aid workers and journalists, searching for refugees who they believe voted for independence for East Timor.
3: This article from the New York times was published on September 13,1999. This article explains how bad the problems in Indonesia were, the president of Indonesia is reaching out for help from other countries because he can not control his country any longer. Militia men can be compared to Nazi's. In the book Night Nazi's come into Ellie's town of Sighet and invaded it and turned into a ghetto. I relate Ellie's experience to this article because the president has stated that the "Militia men roam the refugee camps, harassing aid workers and journalists".
4: Genocide has, in fact, been so frequent, the number of victims so extensive, and serious attempts to prevent it so few, that many scholars have described the twentieth century as "the age of genocide." Some have wondered if genocide is not itself a product of modernity, the dark energy of civilization. In 1999, the United States supported the U.N. intervention in East Timor to protect the right to self-determination and what was left of a people still under assault by militias and the Indonesian army. New genocides have been committed, extensive research on genocide has been conducted, and explanations of why genocides have taken on new sophistication.
5: This article is about how uncomprehensive genocide is everywhere in the twentieth century. It gives the United States U.N. intervention as an example of how we still have enough determination in order to protect others from the unjustifiable murdering. I compare the U.N. to Kurt and the Americans that liberate the camp Gerda was residing in. I relate Kurt to the U.N. because the U.N. was supported in their intervention in East Timor to protect those under the assault of militias and the Indonesian army.
6: "Genocide is never inevitable: it is always the result of choice." | "Part of the problem is to identify in advance the countries most likely to commit genocide and take steps to mediate conflicts." | This quote to the left is describing how genocide is not unstoppable like people blame it to be. Those in Indonesia could not stop the genocide, but others could have stopped the killings. | The quote to the right is explaining how genocide can be prevented by securing and calming problems between races, religions, etc. Many do not understand the reason for genocide. This was how the Indonesia Genocide came to be.
7: "Once the massacres and ethnic cleansing are really over and the people in command are committed to avoiding their return, the intervention is finished." | This quote is pronouncing when they decide that their genocide killings must actually be finished. I think this relates to the Indonesia Genocide because
8: In the months preceding the Indonesian invasion, there were a number of reports in the U.S. press on Portuguese Timor. At that time, the territory was in the throes of decolonization, and many Western elites feared leftist influence within the independence movement. However, as Noam Chomsky and Edward S. Herman pointed out in The Political Economy of Human Rights, reporting on East Timor by the corporation owned media in the U.S. actually decreased significantly in the aftermath of the Indonesian invasion.
9: In All but My Life by Gerda Klein; Gerda lived in a little town in Bielitz. "the radio was blasting the news that the germans had crossed our frontier at Cieszyn and that we were at war" (pg 52 Klein). During the Genocide in world war two many Jews found out about the war by the media, this article shows that people found out about the Indonesian genocide from media also.
10: We were incapable of thinking. Our senses were numbed, everything was fading into a fog. We no longer clung to anything. The instincts of self-preservation, of self-defense, of pride, had all deserted us.(Weisel, 36) | "And so he remained for more than half an hour, lingering between life and death, writhing before our eyes. And we were forced to look at him at close range. He was still alive when I passed him. His tongue was still red, his eyes not yet extinguished."(Weisel, 65) | I believe that the part where it says "we are incapable of thinking" relates to the Indonesia Genocide because in such a disastrous time, most of those suffering probably had to withdraw from their thoughts and inner feelings. | I would imagine that many Indonesians of the hated party thought of this when their friends, when their family was being killed. Unable to look away, and scared of your own life perishing.
11: "For some moments we stood ready. Then we heard screams and frightened begging from the forest. Three SS men had rounded up fourteen girls in the forest. Now they lined them up in front of us. The commandant took out his pistol. The girls screamed. The commandant fired again and again and the girls fell,. one on top of th other." (Klein, 191) | I think this quote relates to the Indonesia Genocide because this is most likely what happened at one point during the killings. Some must have tried to run away, and were found and murdered.
12: Nonfiction Article-pg 2-3- www.nytimes.com/1999/09/13/nyregion/news-summary-482188.html?scp=indonesia%20genocide&st=cse Nonfiction Article and Quotes-pg 4-6-http://www.16beavergroup.org/mtarchive/archives/001160.php Editorial-pg 8-9-http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=1220 Quotes-pg 10-11 Books Night and All but My Life Pictures from: Google images and Yahoo images