1: Literary Technique In 1851 there was a treaty at Fort Laramie between the Cheyennes, Crows, Arapahos and Sioux and the united states. The native American tribes agreed to allow the united states to build roads and military outposts on their land. One could use the literary technique of foreshadowing to predict that the united states will take full advantage of this treaty.In 1864 the massacre of Sand Creek ensued with Colonel Chivington and his regiment massacred 600 Cheyenne and Arapaho native Americans, 2/3 of them being women and children. The soldiers then proceeded to mutilate the corpses taking scalps and disfiguring private parts. The entire scene can best be described with the literary technique of a grotesque situation.
2: Historical Relevance | The Sand Creek Massacre is one of the most historically relevant event of the chapter. Up to the massacre of 200 unarmed indian woman and children by 800 cavalry volunteers ordered by governor John Evans. Cheyenne chiefs such as Black Kettle and White Antelope argued for peaceful coexistence with the white men and the majority of Cheyenne supported their plan. After the massacre, White Antelope was killed and the majority of Cheyenne were eager and prepared for was under the leadership of Roman Nose.
3: Oh What A Character | Governor John Evans was the governor of Colorado during the Cheyenne Wars. In order to avoid sending Coloradoans into the civil war, he organized a volunteer regiment to fight indians and he appointed his friend/minister J. Chivington and offered them 100 dollars for every native american scalp. In order to increase hostilities he ordered the massacre of 200 unarmed indians at Sand Creek. Even when advised by the military commander of Fort Lyon, Major Wynkoop, he refused citing that their all savages and must be removed.
4: Heart of the Conflict | The heart of the conflict has its main roots in the American Civil War. In the years leading up to the Civil War, the Cheyenne people had limited contact with the white man, and these interactions were friendly and cordial, even so far as to bestow chief Black Kettle of the Cheyennes a united states flag which would guarentee his safety. But with the onset of the Civil War, more and more soldiers came across Colorado, causing more and more interactions with white people leaving to inevitable hostilities. This was magnified by the actions of governor Evans and his creation of the Colorado volunteer regiments and the offering of a 100 dollars for every indian scalp.
5: Literary Techniques | In 1851 there was a treaty at Fort Laramie between the Cheyennes, Crows, Arapahos, Sioux and the United States. The Native American tribes agreed to allow the united states to build roads and military outposts on their land. Based on previous dealings with the americans and the indians, one can use the literary technique of foreshadowing to predict that the united states will take full advantage of both the treaty and the Native American tribes. After the massacre of Sand Creek many of the Native American tribes gathered. One can use imagery to depict how livid and full of anger the tribes were.
6: In Summary | In 1851 several Native American tribes met with a united states diplomat at Fort Laramie, and agreed to allow the unites states build roads and outposts along their territory. Fort Lyons commanding officer, Major Wynkoop a friend of the indians, was replaced by Major Anthony who had his own prejudices against the Native Americans. Major Anthony was aware of several hundred Native Americans residing in Sand Creek, he then informs them that they are under the protection of Fort Lyon, and that they were safe to hunt buffalo until they were given rations. The governor of Colorado then issues a message to the native americans telling them to go to Fort Lyon to avoid being mistaken for a hostile indian. He then issues a message to Coloradoans advising them to organize in parties and hunt all indians.
7: Major Anthony informs Colonel Chivington of the indians in Sand Creek. Colonel Chivington arrives at Fort Lyon with his 800 man regiment and Major proceeds to leave them to Sand Creek. When they arrive in Sand Creek Chivington and his men began the massacre of 600 Arapaho and Cheyenne native americans, 2/3 of them being woman and children because Major Anthony told the hunters and warriors they can hunt buffalo. As revenge for Sand Creek several tribes launch a series of raides across Colorado going as far as burning the town of Julesburg down. This lasted until they were pushed back in the spring.