FC: Nicolaus Copernicus | By: Ashley Arney
2: On February 19, 1473, a baby was born in Torun, Poland. His name was Nicolaus Copernicus.
3: Nicolaus’s father was a merchant and his mother was the daughter of a very wealthy merchant. Nicolaus had two sisters; Barbara and Katharina. Barbara was a Benedictine nun; Katharina married a merchant and was the mother of 5 children. The family lived in Poland for the majority of their lives.
4: Nicolaus was incredibly smart. He attended the University of Cracow, Bologna University, University of Padua, and the University of Ferrara. He studied astronomy, astrology, mathematics, and medicine. Nicolaus spent a lot of time studying in Italy.
5: CraCow University
6: Nicolaus began to read books by other astronomers, astrologers, and mathematicians. He became interested in the position of Earth and the Sun, and worked on developed heliocentric theory.
8: Nicolaus Copernicus based his theories and ideas on the geocentric theory. This theory stated that the Earth was the center of the universe and the Sun rotated around it. Through his studies, he developed the heliocentric theory. This theory stated that the Sun was the center of the universe and the Earth rotated around it.
10: There was one major problem with Nicolaus's work; he kept it all to himself. He didn't want to share his discoveries or ideas with anyone. Nicolaus kept his theories a secret from everyone for two reasons. First, he didnt want anyone to steal his ideas. He did not want any other astronomers to take credit for his theories.
12: The second reason Nicolaus kept his findings a secret was that he thought that he may be wrong. He was afraid that if he was incorrect about the sun and Earth, people would make fun of him. Nicolaus was scared of being wrong about the heliocentric theory.
14: When Nicolaus finally expressed his ideas and theories to the outside world, he became one of the most respected astronomers of his time. He greatly impacted the Renaissance and Reformation. Nicolaus provided a base idea for other astrologers’ and astronomers’ studies. Many other scientists continued to add onto Nicolaus’ theories and improve peoples’ understanding of the universe.
16: Nicolaus Copernicus’s discovery of the heliocentric theory changed the world of science. The idea of heliocentrism made it easier for astronomers to study the Earth, the Sun, other planets, and the universe as a whole. Before Nicolaus’s theories, people thought that the Earth was the center of the universe. They thought that the Sun, the stars, and the other planets revolved around the Earth.
18: Nicolaus Copernicus died on May 21 in 1543. He was 70 years old. Nicolaus died of old age, not anything more serious. Because he was impoverished, Nicolaus was buried in an unmarked grave in a small, unknown graveyard. His grave remains a mystery to everyone. Many scientists have studied the remains of bodies from the time period Nicolaus lived in, but no one can find Nicolaus’s body. Nicolaus’s grave is still a mystery.
20: Nicolaus Copernicus was Roman Catholic. Nicolaus was also a medical doctor. He treated many different illnesses of dignitaries of Duke Albert of Prussia. He sometimes spelled his name "Coppernic". Nicolaus Copernicus is on many Polish coins and bills.