FC: Phillis Wheatley
1: Phillis Wheatley Brena Franklin 5th Grade English-Room 142 Mrs.Lawrence April 6,2010
2: In 1761,a girl arrived in Boston on a slave ship with many other kids. No one knew her name, not even her. Her parents were no where to be found. She eventually was bought by a couple and was named Phillis Wheatley. The name Phillis was derived from the ship that brought her to America called "The Phillis". Phillis was born around 1753, in Gambia, Africa.
3: She was separated from her birth parents due to being kidnapped at the age of 7, which resulted in her being on the slave ship. Phillis lived a pretty good life. The couple that purchased her were Susanna and John Wheatley, they were the only parents that she remembered. They loved and cared for her very much. They helped her read and write. By the time that Phillis was 12, she started reading about Latin and English literature. Secondly, since Phillis loved to read and write, she started to write poetry at the age of 12. Her favorite poet was Alexander Pope.
4: She wrote on the walls to practice her vocabulary and words. All of the Wheatley's helped motivate her to write poetry. Also a lot of poets help motivate her because she loved poetry a lot. It was very uncommon for slave children to be educated, however, Phillis had a lot of great influences in her life to help her at her craft of writing. Phillis published her first poetic work at the age of 12, it was called "On Messrs. Hussey and Coffin." Phillis wrote in an elegiac style, which means a mournful poem or expressing sorrow. This was thought due to the teachings of her African American tribal groups. As Phillis worked with those who influenced her with her writing, she was most noted for her literacy of her poem on the death of the Reverend George Whitefield, which made her famous in 1760.
5: After her father, Mr. Wheatley passed, Phillis Wheatley received her freedom and married a free black man, John Peters in 1778. Phillis and John had children. During this time, Phillis had published more of her work. In 1773, a collection of her poems was published in London. This helped supply her family with income. After time, John left Phillis and she had to try to support her family alone. Although Phillis never made much money nor published much else while on her own, Phillis Wheatley is a part of history today. Phillis's work has been an inspiration to many generations of African-Americans today. She was the first black writer of consequence in America, first African American to publish a book, and the first African American woman to earn a living from her own writings.
8: In addition,here are some of her achievements. Phillis Wheatley wrote over 100 poems.Thats GREAT!!! Phillis Wheatley was an inspiration to JupitarHammon (who happens to also be a writer). Alice Walker and Naomi Madgett thought that if Phillis was not a poetic model then she is an inspiration. Some of the things that Phillis published was her first book in 1773. She also published her most famous elegy in 1770.
9: Lastly, some very important facts that you should know. On August 18,1771,Phillis was baptized at the Old South Church.Thats cool. Phillis Wheatley got freed of slavery when Mrs.Wheatley died. Phillis died when she was only 31. Such a young age. Phillis and John had 3 children and they all died in infancy. In conclusion, I picked Phillis Wheatley because she is and inspiration to a lot of children and how she worked hard during her life. Also, I loved how she was such a great poet.
10: Works Consulted Colonial American Revolutionary War." Sirs Discoverer. N.p., 2009. Web. 19 Jan. 2010.