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SCIENCE

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SCIENCE - Page Text Content

FC: Sarah's Domain, Kingdom, and Vertebrates Project

1: March 12, 2010 BY SARAH DONILON

2: DOMAINS ARCHEA BACTERIA EUKARYA

4: ARCHaEA The organisms in Archaea are unicellular. Organisms in Archaea are similar to bacteria but are genetically very different. Archaea means ancient"in Greek. Members of Archeae live in environments similar to those of ancient Earth. (i.e. thermal vents at the bottom of the ocean or in very salty waters)

5: ARCHEA

6: Bacteria The organisms in this Domain are unicellular and these are simple cells. The members of this Domain are prokaryotes.

7: EXAMPLES OF BACTERIA

8: EUKARYA The members of this Domain are eukaryotes. ] This Domain includes almost all multi-cellular organisms on Earth.

9: CLOWN FISH | BIRD | FUNGI MUSHROOMS | HUMAN BABY | ELEPHANTS | TIGER

10: KINGOMS Monerans Protists Plants Animals Fungi

12: Monerans They get their nutrients when nutrients pass through their cell membrane. Monerans are prokaryotes Monerans are unicellular Many bacteria are members of this kingdom Monerans reproduce through cell division

13: Examples of Bacteria FOUND IN the MONERAN KINGDOM

14: PRotists Reproduce through cell division. Protists are eukaryotes. Protists are usually unicellular. Some protists can get their nutrients from the sun however, some other protists get nutrients by eating other organisms.

15: PROTIST EXAMPLES

16: Fungi Fungi are usually multi-cellular however, sometimes, they are unicellular. Fungi get their nutrients by digesting and absorbing the surface they live on. Fungi reproduces with spores. Members of this kingdom are yeasts, bread, molds, lichens, and mushrooms.

17: BREAD | Mushroom | MOld | Yeast | Crutose Lichens

18: Plants Plants are multi-cellular organisms. Plants get their energy from the sun and from their surroundings. Many plants reproduce from seeds. Examples of plants are trees, shrubs, ferns, grasses, and flowering plants

19: LEFT: Grass RIGHT: FERNS | LEFT: Kerria Japonica | lEFT: oak tree RIGHT: Shrub

20: AnimalIA Animals are multi-cellular. Animals get their nutrients and energy but eating other organisms. Animals reproduce by cells which grow inside or outside of the mother's body. Examples of animals are starfish, octopi, whales, fish, birds, butterflies, and lions.

21: MOOSE | HUMAN | BIRD | DEER | FISH | LION | GIRAFFE | ELEPHANTS | TIGER

22: VERTEBRATE GROUPS Fish Birds Mammals Amphibians Reptiles

23: LEFT: AMPHIBIANS RIGHT: MAMMALS | LEFT: BIRDS | LEFT: REPTILES RIGHT: FISH

24: FISH Fish are cold blooded. Fish live in water. Most fish have gills (not lungs) to breathe. Fish are usually covered with scales.

25: Bala fish | Goldfish | Rainbow trout | Great White Shark | Clown fish | Lionfish

26: BIRDS Birds lay fragile eggs. Birds have feathers on their skin. Birds breathe with lungs and are warm blooded. All birds have wings but not all birds fly.

27: Robin | Bald Eagle | House sparrow | Stellar's Jay | Wood duck | Pigeons | Crow | Penguins | Belted King Fisher

28: Mammals Almost all mammals... Give birth to young nurse young with milk have hair or fur are warm blooded

29: FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: GIRAFFE SIBERIAN TIGER GRAY WOLF ELK CAT Polar Bears Black Bear

30: THERE are three smaller groups within the mammals group: MONOTREMES MARSUPIALS PLACENTAL MAMMALS

31: FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: PLACENTAL MAMMALS, MARSUPIALS, and MONOTREMES

32: MONOTREMES Monotremes are the most primitive mammals still in existence. Monotremes lay eggs. Examples of monotremes are duck-billed platypus and echidnas.

33: LEFT: FROM TOP TO BOTTOM, DUCK-BILLED PLATYPUS, ECHIDNAS, DUCK-BILLED PLATYPUS, ECHIDNAS. ABOVE: DUCK-BILLED PLATYPUS

34: Marsupials Marsupials are mammals with a pouch for carrying their young. The young emerge extremely small and crawl to the pouch where they nurse with milk. Most marsupials are now found in Australia. Examples of marsupials are kangaroos, opossums, and wombats. Marsupials are a primitive group of mammals, evolving before placental mammals.

35: Opossum | KANGARoo | WOMBAT | KANGAROO | WOMBAT | KANGAROO

36: Placental Mammals Placental mammals are mammals in which the fetus is attached to the wall of the uterus and nourished through a spongy material (the placenta). Humans and many other mammals are placental.

37: ABOVE: CLOUDED LEOPARD, WATER BUFFALO, ORCA KILLER WHALE, COW BELOW: HYENA, HUMAN BABY, PIG, PANDA

38: REPTILES Reptiles are cold blooded animals. Reptiles breathe with lungs. Reptiles' skin usually have scales or horny plates. Reptiles lay leathery eggs on land. Examples of reptiles are snakes, turtles, tortoises, and lizards.

39: LEFT: sea turtle, gopher snake, horned lizard, tortoise Above: sea turtle

40: AMPHIBIANS Amphibians are cold blooded animals. Amphibians' skin is moist and without scales and they lay soft, jelly-like eggs in water. Young go through stages from larvae and tadpole stage to adult. Young breathe with gills and oftentimes, adults breathe with lungs, some amphibians can breathe through their skin. Examples of reptiles are frogs, toads, salamanders, and newts.

41: red eyed tree frog | newt | newt | toad | newt

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