BC: The End
FC: Spain | By: Fernanda Delgado, Osvaldo Martinez, Elmer Iglesias and Arryyian Edwards
1: Table of contents | 1. History of flag 2. Spain Conquest the Aztec 3.Technology 4. Shipping 5. Echonamical Advancement 6.Transportation/ Intellectual 7. Trade Routs 8. Resources 9. Five Royal Leaders 10. Royal Family 11. National Anthem
2: Flag of Spain
3: History of the Flag | The flag of Spain features three horizontal bands (top and bottom) with a yellow band in the middle. The coat of arms on the Spanish flag includes the royal seal framed by the Pillars of Hercules, which represent Gibraltar and Ceuta on either side of the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar. An urban legend holds that the colors of the flag of Spain derive from the bullfight arena - with the red representing the bullfighters blood and the yellow the sand of the arena - but this has no basis in fact. The colors of the flag of Spain were chosen as they were the colors of King Ferdinands own coat of arms. The current Spanish flag dates from the 1970s
4: Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire The invasion began in February 1519 and was claimed victorious on August 13, 1521, by a coalition army of Spanish conquistadors and Tlaxcala warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl against the Aztec Empire. In 1517 Cuban governor Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar commissioned three ships under the command of Hernandez de Córdoba to sail west and explore the Yucatán peninsula. Córdoba reached the coast of Yucatán. The Mayans at Cape Catoche invited the Spaniards to land, upon which Córdoba had the Spaniards read the Requirement of 1513 to them. Córdoba took two prisoners whom he named Melchor and Julián to be interpreters. On the western side of the Yucatán Peninsula, the Spaniards were attacked at night by Maya chief Mochcouoh (Mochh Couoh). Twenty Spaniards were killed. Córdoba was mortally wounded and only a remnant of his crew returned to Spain. The year after the ill-fated Córdoba expedition, Governor Velázquez decided to commission another expedition under the leadership of his nephew Juan de Grijalva. Grijalva's expedition of four ships sailed south along the coast of Yucatán to the Tabasco region, a part of the Aztec empire. | Spain Conquested the Aztec Empire
5: With the help of tens of thousands of Xiu Mayan warriors, it would take more than 170 years for the Spanish to establish control of the Maya homelands, which extended from northern Yucatán to the central lowlands region of El Petén and the southern Guatemalan highlands. The end of this latter campaign is generally marked by the. Although officially the natives were not to become slaves, the system became one of oppression and exploitation of natives, so basically what the Spaniards wanted was to explore and take over what is now today Mexico led by Hernando Cortes, was a downfall of the Maya state based at Tayasal in the Petén region, in 1697. It seems that Cortés' intention was to maintain the basic structure of the Aztec empire under his leadership, and at first it seemed the Aztec empire could survive. The upper Aztec classes, at first, were considered as noblemen (to this day, the title of Duke of Montezuma is held by a Spanish noble family). The upper classes learned Spanish, and several learned to write in European characters. Some of their surviving writings are crucial in our knowledge of the Aztec, Bernardino de Sahagún, decided to learn as much as they could of the Aztec culture. Sahagún, in his studies of the Meixica and the
6: as they could of the Aztec culture. Sahagún, in his studies of the Meixica and the nobility of Tlatelolco, compiled a 12 volume reference, entitled the Florentine Codex, of the life and culture of the Mexica and the Aztec Empire before the arrival of the Spanish. The Florentine Codex were subsequently banned in the New World because they contained religious tradition of the Mexica.. Cortés banned all human sacrifice in Mesoamerica. But soon all that changed. To reward the Spanish army that captured what is now contemporary Mexico, the soldiers and officers were granted large areas of land and native labor under the Spanish land management system of Encomiendalandmark victory for the European settlers. Following the Spanish arrival in Mexico, a huge battle erupted between the army of Cortes and the Aztec people under the rule of Montezuma. The events that occurred were crucial to the development of the American lands and have
7: been the subject of much historical debate in present years at the end of this after the long Despite these benefits, the Spanish defeat of the Aztecs has been criticized extensively for many years. It is the center of a huge historical debate focusing on the role of the conquerors. The Spaniards were harsh in their methods and motives, and many people argue that it was not their place at all to encounter new lands and demand control, much less force submission so cruelly. Moreover, virtually all of Aztec culture was carelessly destroyed in the conquest. Nevertheless, the Spaniards did conquer the Aztecs, and whether Western civilization is richer or poorer, this victory has had lasting effects for both native and European people.
8: Spain achieved a strong level of of global influence from 1450-1750 thanks in part to the many technological advances it achieved during this era. This included a surperior naval force, which aloowed for Christopher Columbu's dicovery of the "New World" | Technology
9: Technology | Technological improvements during the Fifteenth century changed the equation. Deep-draft, round-hulled ships were able to sail in the Atlantic's Waters. Improved metalwork techniques allowed the vessels to carry armaments for surperior to the weapons aboard ships of other societies. The com[ass and better mapking improved navigation skills.
10: Shipped materials in cargo holds below the deck of the ship. good for transportation. also its good for trading. | Shipping
11: Used gold and silver to pay their depts for their country. | Ecomical Advancement
12: Transportation/Intellectual They invented sails which decreased the man power needed for boats. It also made transportation of goods faster and more efficient.
14: Trade Routes
15: Resources | During the colonial era Spain maintained contact with her colonies through convoys of ships. Manufactured items and ballast were brought from Spain (red lines on the following map), while gold and silver were carried back to Europe (the blue lines) At its peak, a convoy of ships left Spain for Veracruz each May, and a second convoy of ships left Spain for Puerto Bello and Cartagena each August. Crossing the Atlantic the ships were pushed along by the Northeast Trade winds, which blow predominantly from the northeast at latitudes south of the Tropic of Cancer. The following spring or early summer ships coming from Veracruz and Cartagena would join in Havana for the return trip to Spain. For this trip the ships traveled up along the coast of North America until they could take advantage of the Westerly Winds, which blow predominantly from west to east at latitudes north of 35 degrees or so.
16: Five Royal Leaders Charles I was born February 24, 1500 in Ghent, Flanders and died September 21, 1558 in Yuste, Spain. On 10 March 1526, Charles married his first cousin Isabella of Portugal, sister of John III of Portugal, in Seville. They had a family of three. One boy and two girls. First they had Philip II he was the only son to reach adulthood. Maria of Spain, who married her first cousin Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor. The last child they had was Joan of Spain, who married her first cousin Infante John of Portugal, who was the heir of Portugal.
17: Philip II was born May 21, 1521 in Valladolid, Spain and died September 13, 1598 at Madrid, Spain, at the age of 71. He was son on Charles I. Philip was married four times and had children with three of his wives. Philip's first wife was his double first cousin, Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal. She was a daughter of John III of Portugal and Catherine of Habsburg. They had 1 son but when she had birth she died. Philip's second wife was his first cousin once removed, Queen Mary I of England, they had no children. Philip's third wife was Elisabeth of Valois, the eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, they had five children. Philip's fourth and final wife was Anna of Austria, she was also his niece and cousin to her stepdaughter Catherine Michelle of Spain, they had four sons and one daughter.
18: Philip III was the King of Spain and King of Portugal and the Algarves, where he ruled as Philip II of Portugal. Philip III was born on April 14, 1578 in Madrid, Spain and died March 31, 1621 at Madrid, Spain, at the age of 42. He was son of Philip II. Philip III married his first cousin, Margaret of Austria. Philip IV was born April 8, 1605 in Valladolid, Spain and died September 17, 1665 at Madrid, Spain at the age of 60. He is son on Philip III. He was married at the age of ten and had a son name Charles II. Charles II was born November 6, 1661 in Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain and died November 1, 1700 in Royal Alcazar, Madrid, Spain at the age of 38. He is son of Philip IV.
19: Royal Family Charles II (6 November 1661 – 1 November 1700 Born in the capital of the vast Spanish empire, Madrid, and as the only surviving male heir of his father's two marriages (the only brother of Charles to survive infancy was Balthazar Charles, Prince of Asturias, who died at the age of 16 in 1646, he was named the Principe de Asturias as his heir. When Charles was four, his father died and his mother was made his regent a position she retained during much of his reign. Though she was exiled by the king's illegitimate half-brother John of Austria the Younger, The years in which Charles II sat on the throne were difficult for Spain. The economy was stagnant, there was hunger in the land, and the power of the monarchy over the various Spanish provinces was extremely weak. Charles' unfitness for rule meant he was often ignored and power during his reign became the subject of court intrigues and foreign, particularly French, and Austrian influence
20: Spain the world is yours
21: We are the best in the east . We the strongest in Europe. Burn our enemies in yeast. We destroy their back up. We blow them away. I know we know we won today. We are the bravest of them all. Our empire will never fall. Oh Spain oh Spain oh mighty spain in this great place we live we have a lot of natural rescores such as water and plants we are so proud of are land and no man will take this great land we call Spain. The great rulers of this great country they all agree that we have a great country that all of us call home and we will fight for this great land we call home. we are so powerful we can take any thing we want have we tock over the Aztecs that was will protect us and this great country we live in oh mighty mighty mighty Spaaaaaaain All of are leaders from the past and the present Have led us to victory and led us to death But in death we have not died in vane. Oh Spain oh Spain oh mighty Spain how Great is are country and are leaders