S: The Extraordinary Adventures of Amanda Fedewa in China part 3 created by Amanda Fedewa May 8th through August 5th 2011
BC: Studying Abroad in China from May 8th 2011 to August 5th 2011 Participated in the Philosophy China Summer School Program from Grand Valley State University led by Professor Peimin Ni and Professor Geling Shang
FC: The Extraordinary Adventures of Amanda Fedewa in China Part 3
1: Visiting a Chinese Cemetry
6: A visit to Zhujiajiao An ancient water town
9: The Confucius Temple in Shanghai
16: Trip to Hang Zhou | A visit to the West Lake
17: Trip to Hang Zhou
18: General Yue Fei, the national hero of the Southern Song Dynasty, was born in a poor and humble family. But he later became an accomplished general and a man of integrity. In his day, minority nationalities on the northern border, such as the Jins, invaded central China repeatedly. As a valiant and wise commander, he once defeated an enemy said to be 500,000 strong with only 800 soldiers on the outskirts of today's Kaifeng. So a commander of Jin sighed, 'It is easier to shake Mount Tai than to shake Yue Fei's army.' Thanks to Yue Fei and a contemporary general, Han Shizhong, the shaky regime of Southern Song maintained itself for the time being. Although Yue Fei and other war hawks had won brilliant victories and recovered the most part of the territory, it was the capitulationists like Qin Hui who wielded real power at court. They even resorted to false accusations to eliminate the war party and finally had Yue Fei sent to prison and executed. At the news, General Han Shizhong asked Qin Hui, 'What crime in the world did Yue Fei commit?' To this, Qin Hui replied evasively, 'Mo Xu You' which meant 'something fairly likely.' Later the phrase 'mo xu you' entered Chinese to mean a trumped-up charge or a fabricated charge. Yue Fei was only 39 at the time he was executed. After the emperor Xiao Zong succeeded to the throne, Yue Fei was cleared of the groundless charges and a temple was built in his memory at the foot of Qixia Ling by West Lake in Hangzhou. Before Yue Fei's tomb are four cast-iron kneeling figures, with chests bare and hands bound behind their backs. They are responsible for the murder of Yue Fei. The two on the left are Qin Hui and his wife who master-minded the whole thing and the two on the right are their lackeys, Zhang Jun and Mo Qixie. As people cherished the love of Yue Fei and hated Qin Hui and his followers, they had these four casts in iron, to kneel forever before the tomb. A couplet reads as follows: Honored the green hill is to provide eternal resting-place for the loyal soul; Innocent is the iron used to cast the images of the hated traitorous ministers. The story says that after Yue Fei was executed, a pastry vendor kneaded a piece of dough into two human shapes, standing for Qin Hui and his wife. He then twisted them together and put them into the boiling hot oil in his cauldron. And the local people all came, bought the fried dough, and had bites of it. This is said to be the origin of today's Youtiao, a common breakfast food in China.
19: Visiting the Yue Fei Memorial by West Lake
20: Rage bristling under the cap, I lean against the railing; The rushing rain has ceased. Lifting my eyes, Towards the sky I let out a battle cry; My blood is boiling. Thirty years: rank and honor, just so Much dust; Eight hundred leagues: travelling with The moon and clouds. Do not let it slip away; When a young man’s head turns grey, Regret will be too late. | The national insult Is yet to be avenged; Your servants’ shame: When will it be erased? Let us ride the long chariots To crush those mountain strong holds. Glorious quest: to feast on the flesh of the invaders. We laugh and chat and quench our thirst With Tarter blood. Let us start To take back our rivers and mountains, And report to the Heavenly Palace. | A poem: My quest, to the tune of "The whole River Red" Yue Fei
22: Yue Fei's tomb
23: Visiting the Song Dynasty theme park | The Sony Dynasty (A.D.960-1279) was the period of ripe feudal society in which the development of economy, science technology, and culture was advanced in the world at that time. The Song Dynasty Town just demonstrates the rich cultural contents during the Song Dynasty. The Town is mainly divided into the reappearance of the painting "A town Street Look of Spring in Song Dynasty", Nine Dragon Square, Song Dynasty Town Square, Fairy Hill &WonderfuI Tower Square and Emperor Palace, Custom Romance Street in Southern Song Dynasty.
25: There was a water show here at night. Fountains of water were spraying everywhere. You go in this area and get soaked. People splash water on you too. The more wet you get, the more lucky you are. We all got pretty wet!
29: The Romance of the Song Dynasty is said to be one of three best shows around the world. The Romance of the Song Dynasty is an indoor and panorama style large-scale performance. It is based on Hangzhou history and mythology which is mixed by singing, dancing, and acrobatics together.
30: The show was amazing!
31: Visiting the Tea Plantation in Hang Zhou
33: Hangzhou's West Lake district in Zhejiang province is one of the birthplaces of Chinese green tea. Tea was accidentally discovered by Emperor Shen Nung (aka the Shennong, Yan Emperor or "Emperor of the five grains") over 5,000 years ago, when it was found to be an antidote against the poisonous effects of some herbal medicines.
34: Although a significant amount of Chinese tea production has moved to the mountains around the town of Xinchang, the West Lake district is still an important source for the highest quality of "Dragon Well" tea.
36: The term "Lung Ching" or "Lungching" means "Dragon Well," which derives its name from the beneficent dragon that is said to live in local wells. An ancient Chinese legend tells of a severe drought during which a local Taoist monk summoned up a lucky dragon. When the monk he prayed to the lucky dragon, the dragon created the rain that saved the crops.
39: The Dragon Well tea plants are in the Camellia plant family (Camellia sinensis), which has a fairly nondescript smell or taste when fresh. The tea leaves are picked from late March to early April, when the new leaves appear. Tea cultivation is a labor intensive business, as all picking is done by hand so that the young leaves are not damaged.
41: Visiting and climbing the Liuhe Pagoda
42: The Liuhe Pagoda is literally a Six Harmonies Pagoda or Six Harmonies Tower. It is a multi-storied Chinese pagoda in southern Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China. It is located at the foot of Yuelun Hill, facing the Qiantang River. It was originally constructed in the year 970 AD during the Northern Song Dynasty (960 - 1127 AD), destroyed in 1121, and reconstructed fully by 1165, during the Southern Song Dynasty (1127 - 1279 AD). The pagoda was originally constructed by the ruler of the Wuyue State, some of which would later makeup the Zhejiang province. The name 'Liuhe' comes from the six Buddhist ordinances and it is said that the reason for building the pagoda was to calm the tidal bore of the Qiantang River and as a navigational aid. However, the pagoda was completely destroyed during warfare in the year 1121. After the current pagoda was constructed of wood and brick during the Southern Song Dynasty, additional exterior eaves were added during the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing Dynasties (1644–1911). The pagoda is octagonal in shape and some 59.89 meters (196 feet) in height, it also has the appearance of being a thirteen-story structure, though it only has seven interior stories. There is a spiral staircase leading to the top floor and upon each of the seven ceilings are carved and painted figures including animals, flowers, birds and characters. Each story of the pagoda consists of four elements, the exterior walls, a zigzagged corridor, the interior walls and a small chamber. Viewed from outside, the pagoda appears to be layered-bright on the upper surface and dark underneath. That is a harmonious alternation of light and shade. According to historian Joseph Needham, the pagoda also served as a lighthouse along the Qiantang River. Being of considerable size and stature, it actually served as a permanent lighthouse from nearly its beginning, to aid sailors in seeking anchorage for their ships at night (as described in the Hangzhou Fu Zhi).A small "Pagoda Park" has recently been opened nearby. Its exhibition features models of ancient Chinese pagodas, and illustrates the variety of different designs, and the history, culture and symbols associated with the pagoda.
45: View from the 7th floor
46: First time River Rafting! It was lots of fun!
47: The Art District and some other sites in Shanghai
49: Professor Ni giving a class on Chinese caligraphy at his apartment
50: Visiting the Bund The Bund is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Shanghai
51: Some more fun and random pictures of me and the rest of the group throughout the trip so far
54: Professor Geling Shang speaking at Wuhan University | All of the Chinese students that attend Wuhan University who came to socialize with us
55: I think this is me at the Grand Rapids Airport?! Before even leaving for China! | Me on the Subway
56: Me at the train station. We are waiting to go to Beijing | I look rather bored uh? | Not sure what happened here?? I'm blaming it on the heat though!
57: My roommate Thoa. We were trying to pose in front of the camera and use the 10 sec timer. We weren't quite ready for that the first time!