FC: The Causes and Effects of Diseases on the Human Body
1: Welcome to my Mixbook technology curriculum project! The following pages are examples of work that students might create and publish following the directions of my Causes and Effects of Diseases on the Human Body lesson plan found at the end of this Mixbook. Technology is a powerful motivator for students. They can create projects that are aesthetically pleasing and that can be published to share with other students, family, and friends. In addition to being viewed on the Web, a Mixbook creation can be printed out as a hard copy book that can be housed in the classroom, presented to the school library, or purchased by parents and guardians as a keepsake of their student's work. Thereasa Boldridge
2: Skin Disorders Nervous System Disorders Cardiovascular Disorders Infections and Immune Disorders Digestive Disorders | What are the causes and the affects of diseases? Are they infectious or noninfectious diseases? | What is the role of antibiotics and vaccines in the treatment and precention of diseases?
3: A disease or medical condition is an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs bodily functions, associated with specific symptoms and signs.[ It may be caused by external factors, such as invading organisms, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases.
5: An infectious disease is a clinically evident disease resulting from the presence of pathogenic microbial agents, including pathogenic viruses, pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites, and aberrant proteins known as prions. These pathogens are able to cause disease in animals and/or plants. Infectious pathologies are usually qualified as contagious diseases (also called communicable diseases) due to their potential of transmission | from one person or species to another.Transmission of an infectious disease may occur through one or more of diverse pathways including physical contact with infected individuals. These infecting agents may also be transmitted through liquids, food, body fluids, contaminated objects, airborne inhalation, or through vector-borne spread.[
6: Earvin “Magic” Johnson, diagnosed with HIV in 1991 "One of the keys to living with HIV is finding a treatment plan that may be right for you – then sticking with it. For some people, getting through the first few months of HIV therapy can be tough, so discuss it with your doctor. The decisions you make today can make a huge difference for years to come."
7: AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome The immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumors.
8: Statistics At the end of 2007, an estimated 455,636 people were living with AIDS in America Missouri: Living with HIV (not AIDS) 5,139 Living with AIDS 5,725 | Causes HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, preseminal fluid, and breast milk.
9: Treatment Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). NRTIs interrupt an early stage of HIV replication by interfering with the activity of reverse transcriptase. AZT (zidovudine), the first drug approved for treating HIV infection, is an NRTI, as are zalcitabine (ddC), didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T), lamivudine (3TC), and abacavir. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). NNRTIs also work by hindering the action of reverse transcriptase. This class of drugs includes delavirdine, nevirapine, and efavirenz. Protease inhibitors interrupt a later stage of viral replication. This class of drugs includes saquinavir, indinavir, ritonavir, nelfinavir, and amprenavir. Fusion inhibitors prevent HIV from entering human immune cells. The only fusion inhibitor approved to date is enfuvirtide.
10: Bacterial meningitis : inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system
11: An otherwise healthy young woman entered a hospital to give birth. She contracted bacterial meningitis, was transferred to another hospital, and died. infected in the maternity ward at Ohio’s Mary Rutan Hospital
12: Statistics approximately 25,000 cases of bacterial meningitis annually in USA | Causes a person can catch it by having close personal contact with a person who is sick with the disease. There are also people who can carry the bacteria in their nose and throat but never become sick. Contact with these carriers can also cause someone to become infected with meningitis.2 Experts believe that some behaviors can put people at greater risk for getting meningitis. These include:2,4,5,22 Living in close quarters, such as college dormitories Being in crowded situations for prolonged periods of time Sharing drinking glasses, water bottles, or eating utensils Kissing Smoking or being exposed to smoke Activities that make people run-down and may weaken the immune system, such as staying out late and having irregular sleeping patterns
13: Treatment A person with meningitis needs to be seen by a health-care provider immediately. If you think that someone you know has meningitis, get that person in for emergency care right away. If doctors suspect a patient has meningitis, they will give that person strong antibiotic medicine through an intravenous (IV) tube straight into their bloodstream. Even with treatment, meningococcal disease can kill an otherwise healthy young person in 48 hours or less. The severe swelling in the brain and spinal cord, and sepsis (also known as blood poisoning) can lead to: Amputation of limbs, fingers, or toes Severe scarring Brain damage Hearing loss Kidney damage Emotional and psychological problems including anxiety, depression, difficulty working, and more The lasting effects of meningococcal disease can change a person’s life forever. That’s why it’s so important to protect people from this illness.
15: Non-infectious diseases are those diseases that are not caused by a pathogen and cannot be shared from one person to another. Diseases caused by these organisms are infectious diseases. There are many kinds of non-infectious diseases. A non-infectious disease is a disease that may be caused by either the environment, nutritional deficiencies or genetic inheritances. Some examples include; Environmental causes such as skin cancer from | radiation (from the Sun), or lack of food (e.g. scurvy from lack of Vitamin C), genetic disorders, or any source other than an infection. They can also be caused by drugs and carcinogens (cancer-causing agents). Non-infectious diseases cannot be spread from person to person as in infectious disease, but can be passed down genetically in some cases such as hemophilia in the royal blood line
16: "Patrick Swayze Diagnosed with Pancriatic cancer in 2007" "I'm at the beginning of my battle. And I expect it to be a long hard battle, one that I'm gonna win according to certain rules … the rules that the cancer isn't going away. Now, mind you, I keep my heart and my soul and my spirit open to miracles. I pray."
17: CANCER Is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth Cancer may affect people at all ages, even fetuses, but the risk for most varieties increases with age. Cancer causes about 13% of all human deaths
18: Causes There are about 200 different types of cancer. They can start in any type of body tissue. What affects one body tissue may not affect another. Carcinogens Age Genetic make up The immune system Bodyweight, diet and physical activity Day to day environment Viruses Bacterial infection | Statisics It is estimated that about 555,500 Americans will die from cancer, corresponding to 1,500 deaths per day. Cancers of the lung and bronchus, prostate, and colon and rectum in men, and cancers of the lung and bronchus, breast, and colon and rectum in women continue to be the most common causes of cancer deaths. These four cancers account for more than half of the total cancer deaths among men and women. Lung cancer has surpassed breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer death in women since 1987 and is expected to account for about 25 percent of all female cancer deaths in 2002.
19: Treatment Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. The prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options depend on the following: Whether or not the tumor can be removed by surgery. The stage of the cancer (the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread outside the pancreas to nearby tissues or lymph nodes or to other places in the body). The patient’s general health. Whether the cancer has just been diagnosed or has recurred (come back). Pancreatic cancer can be controlled only if it is found before it has spread, when it can be removed by surgery. If the cancer has spread, palliative treatment can improve the patient's quality of life by controlling the symptoms and complications of this disease.
20: NO MATTER WHAT RACE, ETHNICITY, RELIGION, OR SOCIAL BACK GROUND WE COME FROM IT IS OUR RESONSIBLITY TO OURSELVES AND OTHERS TO HELP IN THE FIGHT AGAINST DISEASES AND FIND A CURE SO WE CAN ALL LIVE LONG AND HEALTY LIVES!!!!!!
21: MixBook Lesson Plan SECTION ONE Author: Thereasa Boldridge Email Address: email@example.com Semester Created: Summer 2009 LESSON OVERVIEW Title: Causes and Effects Diseases have on the Human Body Brief Description: Students will use mixbook.com to create a web-based book describing the causes and effects infectious and non-infectious diseases have on the human body. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS/GENERALIZATIONS: The student understands that no matter your race, ethnicity, religion, or social back ground diseases have an impact on their lives. ENGAGING QUESTION/SCENARIO: Have any of you, love ones, or friends been diagnosed with a disease? What were some of the effects that it had? How did the doctors treat the disease? What was the prognosis? SUBJECT AREA(S) (Put an X by all relevant subject areas.) _X__ Math _X__ Science _X__ Reading _X__ Writing ___ Social Studies/History ___ Foreign Language _X__ Art ___ Music ___ PE _X__ Information and Technology Literacy GRADE LEVEL (Put an X by all relevant grade levels.) ___ Kindergarten ___ Grade 1 ___ Grade 2 ___ Grade 3 ___ Grade 4 ___ Grade 5 ___ Grade 6 ___ K-12 Elementary _X__ K-12 Middle ___ K-12 Secondary ___ Secondary DETAILED LESSON DESCRIPTION GLE #1: SWBAT Explain the cause and the effect of disease on the human body. (GLE Science, Strand 3: Characteristic and Interactions of Living Organisms 2. Living organisms carry out life processes in order to survive. Concept G. Life processes can be disrupted by disease (intrinsic failures of the organ systems or by infection due to other organisms) a. Explain the cause and effect of diseases (e.g. AIDS, cancer, diabetes, hypertension) on the human body. Grade 8 (Performance Standards 1.2, 1.4, 1.7, 1.8, 1.10, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.7, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7) GLE #2: SWBAT Relate some common diseases to the organisms that cause them. (GLE Science, Strand 3: Characteristic and Interactions of Living Organisms 2. Living organisms carry out life processes in order to survive. Concept G. Life processes can be disrupted by disease (intrinsic failures of the organ systems or by infection due to other organisms) b. relate some common diseases (i.e. cold, influenza, strep throat, dysentery, fungal infections) to the organisms that cause them (bacteria, viruses, protest, fungi) Grade 8 (Performance Standards 1.2, 1.4, 1.7, 1.8, 1.10, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.7, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7)) GLE #3: SWBAT Differentiate between infectious and noninfectious diseases. . (GLE Science, Strand 3: Characteristic and Interactions of Living Organisms 2. Living organisms carry out life processes in order to survive. Concept G. Life processes can be disrupted by disease (intrinsic failures of the organ systems or by infection due to other organisms) c. Differentiate between infectious and noninfectious diseases. Grade 8 (Performance Standards 1.2, 1.4, 1.7, 1.8, 1.10, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.7, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7)) GLE# 4: SWBAT Explain the role of antibiotics and vaccines in the treatment and prevention of diseases. (GLE Science, Strand 3: Characteristic and Interactions of Living Organisms 2. Living organisms carry out life processes in order to survive. Concept G. Life processes can be disrupted by disease (intrinsic failures of the organ systems or by infection due to other organisms) d. Explain the role of antibiotics and vaccines in the treatment and prevention of diseases. Grade 8 (Performance Standards 1.2, 1.4, 1.7, 1.8, 1.10, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.7, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7)) STUDENT ASSESSMENT : Formative: Teacher will walk around and make observations. Also teacher will help with any questions that may arise. Teacher will review all rough drafts and make any suggestions to improve the research papers and lay out on mixbook. Summative: Teacher will assess the students by using the rubric that will follow all GLE’s PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT CRITERIA Please see the front page of my pbworkd for the attached Rubric COLLABORATION With this lesson teacher will collaborate with the English and Math teachers to allow students the extra help in writing their research papers correctly and taking proper statistics. These are important areas of this project and with the help and guidance from teachers trained in those areas will allow students to better understand what is required of them in this project. LESSON IMPLEMENTATION Length of Unit (hours, days): This lesson will last 10 class periods 50 minutes per class Prerequisite Skills: Students must be able to work collaboratively in groups, work as an individual, meet all deadlines for project, and meet all requirements. ACCOMMODATION OPTIONS 1.If needed, students will use the technology accommodations in Windows XP 2.If the student is an auditory learner head phones and other videos will be there to assist 3.If the student prefers to work along there will be a portion of this assignment that will require them to do so. MANAGEMENT/ORGANIZATION TIPS Make sure all students stay on task and that the class is kept organized. The volume level in the class is kept to a tolerable level. All work areas remain in a neat and orderly fashion. Computer time will be given to each student. MATERIALS AND RESOURCES REQUIRED FOR UNIT TECHNOLOGY Web-based resources (name and link) 1.Google—http://www.google.com/ 2.Wikipedia—http://www.wikipedia.org/ 3.Mixbook—http://www.mixbook.com/ 4. UNIT PLAN FLOW CHART/TIMELINE Day 1: Have a discussion on what diseases are and give examples of infectious and noninfectious. Ask students if they know anyone that has had or have a disease. Explain to them that the flu, chicken pox, ect are considered a disease. Ask students to name as many diseases as they can. Make a list on the board. Day 2: Explain to the students that they will be doing a large project. Show the example of the mix book that has been developed. This project will entail that the students will be divided into groups of 4 according to my placement. They will then have a group discussion and decide what disease they will be researching. Once the topic is decided they will choose who will be doing which part of the project. One person will be responsible for researching the disease if it is infectious or noninfectious and what the disease is. The second student will research statistics on the chosen disease and how it relates to the United States or Missouri. The third student will research the treatment of the disease and the prognosis if the disease is contracted. The fourth person will research what causes the disease. Together the group will choose a person or picture to represent the disease of their choice. They will then design a mix book they are allowed to be as creative as they can. Absolutely no obscenities or obscene pictures will be tolerated. Now allow the groups to come together to discuss their options. Remind them of the list that is on the board that they came up with and also explain that they can pick a disease of their choice even if it is not on the board. Day 3: Ask the students if they have chosen a topic and divided the jobs up. If students need a little more time allow for it. Then hand out and explain the rubric and expectations for this project. Day 4: Allow students to research using books or computers. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise. Day 5: Allow students to research using books or computer. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise. Precise Day 6: Rough draft is due by the end of class time. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise. Day 7: Students will come together in their groups and work on developing their mix book. Teacher will take them step by step logging them into the Web-site. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise. Day 8: Rough draft of mix book is due by the end of class. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise. Day 9: Allow students to work this class period to finish project. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise. Day 10: Final project is due at the end of class period. Teacher walks around observing what the students are researching and answering any questions that may rise.