FC: The United States: Moving West by Tylor Rasmussen
1: Inspect Natural/Geographic Social Political Economic Cultural Technological/Scientific | INSPECT
2: Inventor Eli Whitney came up with an idea to make interchangeable parts for machines. These parts could be put together to make complete products, or be used for repairs. These parts could easily be put on by workers with less skill. Interchangeable parts were very important for the United States economy. It made it easier for companies to mass produce goods. | Ideas: Interchangeable parts
3: Ideas: Indian Removal | With the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, The United States had a lot more land for settlers to settle on. The idea of relocating the Indians who lived on the territory was necessary. President Andrew Jackson agreed strongly with those who wanted to remove the Indians. The removal of Indian tribes later led to the Trail of Tears for the Cherokee nation.
4: Natural/Geographic: Rivers | Rivers were very important during westward expansion. Rivers could be used to transport goods and settlers. Rivers provided a more efficient way of transportation. Rivers could also be used for powering factories. Rivers had their disadvantages though. Traveling against the current could be difficult.
5: Natural/Geographic: Oceans | Oceans were very important to the United States economy. There were many goods sent over from Europe. in return the United States could send goods to other countries. Oceans were also important for a growing population. Many of the settlers coming to the United States were from Europe. Without the ocean for them to travel on, the population would have grown much slower.
6: Social: US and Canada | The United States knew they need to make peace with the British if they wanted to grow. There was a chunk of land that both the United States and British Canada wanted. This land was known as the Oregon country. The United States and Canada were able to come to an agreement that split the Oregon country between both countries.
7: Social: Family Activities | In the west many families gathered for family events. The men usually played sports such as wrestling. Women had quilting and sewing gatherings. Men and women also gartered for cornhusking. Pioneer families often settled on large rivers so they could easily ship their crops out.
8: Political: Andrew Jackson | Andrew Jackson was elected our president in 1828. During his presidency the United States made many advancements in westward expansion. Jackson was in favor of Indian removal. In 1830 Jackson signed an Indian removal bill. During his presidency Jackson also worked to close the Bank of the United States because it was unconstitutional.
9: Political: James K. Polk | President James K. Polk played a major role in gaining land for the United Sates. He was the president who reached an agreement on the Oregon country. Polk also fought for making Texas part of the United States until it became a state in 1845. Polk was also the president who battled Mexico for the California and New Mexico Territories.
10: Economic: Gold Rush | California's gold rush was very important to both California's and the United State's economy. During the gold rush, thousands of people fled to California in search for gold. California's population exceeded 300,000 in just a few years. The gold rush also forced people to come up with better mining techniques. Even after the gold rush California's economy continued to to be strong. This was because business that started during the time continued to meet the demand of the high population.
11: Economic: Industrial Revolution | During the Industrial Revolution, the United States economy began to boom. There were many improvements in transportation. One major transportation improvement was the the invention of the steamboat. Another major improvement was the production process. Inventions, such as the cotton gin, helped make the production process more efficient.
12: Cultural: Trail of Tears | The Trail of Tears greatly affected the Cherokee nations culture. For year the Cherokee tribe called Georgia home. The Cherokee had even started to adapt to the American way of life. In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. The Cherokee people fought the act but latter lost. The were forced to make a journey that was thousands of miles long. About 4000 people died as a result of the migration. | "We are are aware that some persons suppose it will be for our advantage to move beyond the Mississippi...We wish to remain on the land of our fathers."
13: Cultural: Mountain Men | "To explore unknown regions... was [the mountain men's] chief delight." | The first Americans to reach the Oregon Country were fur traders. The mountain men were people who spent much of their time in the Rocky Mountains.The mountain men trapped beaver and lived in buffalo-skin lodges. They wore animal skin clothing. Some mountain men worked for fur companies, others sold their goods on their own. After a while the mountain me killed off th beaver in the area and were forced to leave.
14: Technological: Cotton Gin | Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1793. The cotton gin was one of the most important inventions during westward expansion. The cotton gin made it possible to separate the cotton fibers quickly and efficiently. The cotton gin was especially important to the south because the south grew the majority of the cotton.
15: Technological: Steamboats | Steamboats were already being used in the late 1700's in quiet waters. At this time there had not yet been a steamboat that could go against currents of large rivers. In 1807, Robert Fulton developed a steamboat that could travel upriver at unheard-of speeds. This new steamboat could easily carry passengers or goods in inland rivers.
16: Thinking Like A Historian | Cause and Effect | Change and Continuity | Who made westward expansion happen? | Presidents Andrew Jackson and James Polk were big contributers to westward expansion. Jackson forced the Indians to leave, and Polk gained land for the U.S. | Who has not benefited from westward expansion? Why? | The Indian tribes, such as the Cherokee, did not benefit from westward expansion. They were forced off their land and sent on the Trail of Tears. On the trail, over 4,000 Indians died.
17: Using the Past | Turning Points | How is he past similar to the preset? | How did the Industrial Revolution significantly affect peoples lives? | As word got out in 1849 when the gold rush started, people from all over fled to California for a chance to make money. Today people will move for a chance to make money doing something. | During the Industrial Revolution there were many new inventions. Inventions like the cotton gin greatly affected Eli Whitney and cotton workers. Now cotton workers could mass produce cotton. Eli made money for his invention
18: Thinking Like A Historian | Through Their Eyes | How did peoples world-view affect westward expansion? | In the past money, population, and land were viewed as power. The United States wanted to become more powerful. They strengthened their economy by gaining businesses and new inventions. They gained land through treaties and taking it from the native people. They gained population because of their economy and land.
19: Works Cited | Appleby, Joyce. The American Republic. Chicago: McGraw Hill, 2005. Bellis, Mary. About.com. 26 Apr. 2010