S: On the Search for Truth
BC: "The secret of happiness is freedom, and the secret of freedom, courage." - Thucydides
FC: Thucydides | Shireen Sarkar Truth Scrapbook Period 2
1: The Journey of Truth Thucydides was a famous Greek historian. His inspiring journey of exposing the truth about Greek history was one never to be forgotten.
2: Thucydides was born in 460 BCE and considered himself Athenian | a | Map of Athens | Athenian Symbols
3: The historians family was very wealthy since they owned gold mines in Scapte Hyle! | Thucydides was the son of Olorus, an aristocrat. | Gold Mine
4: Thucydides' work is shown through the incomplete book, History of the Peloponnesian War, which was written in eight parts.
5: In his writings, he focused on eliminating bias in his reporting. He strived to show the truth about the Peloponnesian War. For instance, although he was Athenian, he criticized Athenian handling of the war.
6: It is also known that Thucydides was an Athenian general in 424 B.C and was in command of 7 ships which were stationed at Thasos and was subsequently to blame for the capture of Amphipolis. "It was also my fate to be an exile from my country for twenty years after my command at Amphipolis; and being present with both parties, and more especially with the Peloponnesians by reason of my exile, I had leisure to observe affairs somewhat particularly."- Thucydides
9: This capture led to him being condemned to death and him escaping. He did not return to Athens for 20 years! This was the reason he decided to write the history of the Peloponnesian Wars. Being exiled from Athens, he traveled among Peloponnesian allies, giving detailed accounts from both sides. Thucydides used Interviews, researching records,eye witness accounts and his own take on events to provide an insightful look at the Peloponnesian war from both sides. His unbiased opinions showed how his definition of truth was not choosing sides and stating facts from multiple sources.
10: A tragic plague spread through Athens during 230-227 BCE. Thucydides caught this plague yet was one of the few that survived. Thucydides famously describes to us the plague of Athens in 430 B.C, which killed nearly a third of the Athenian population and also Athens leader Pericles. Thucydides gives us a detailed account of the plague and the hardship it caused the Athenians: ".Externally the body was not very hot to the touch, nor pale in its appearance, but reddish, livid, and breaking out into small pustules and ulcers. But internally it burned so that the patient could not bear to have on him clothing or linen even of the very lightest description; or indeed to be otherwise than stark naked. What they would have liked best would have been to throw themselves into cold water; as indeed was done by some of the neglected sick, who plunged into the rain tanks in their agonies of unquenchable thirst; though it made no difference whether they drank little or much. Though many lay unburied, birds and beasts would not touch them, or died after tasting them." | Exposing Truth Through Tragedy
11: The Plague of Athens
12: How do we show the truth? To me, truth means being realistic and non biased on what is being exposed. Thucydides purses exposing the true events of the Peloponnesian War. His strict standards of evidence gathering and analysis in terms of cause and effect without reference to intervention by the gods (outlined in his book) shows his persistence for the truth about history. This is relevant today because historians are inspired by him to form non biased opinions about their studies.
13: "Truth never changes, society's perception of truth does."