FC: TRIBAL CONFLICTS IN AFRICA By Anna Choe and Davina Oke
1: WAS IT ALWAYS LIKE THIS?
2: HUTU PEOPLE | TUTSI PEOPLE | Lived together peacefully Intermarried, Same Language, Ruled under 1 Monarchy
3: BELGIUM | GERMANY | TUTSI & HUTU | Belgium took Tutsi & Hutu from Germany in 1916 | 1916 | 1916
4: Belgium glorified Tutsi group over Hutu | SEPARATION | Tutsis appeared to have MORE European features | HOW WOULD THIS AFFECT BOTH TRIBES?
5: =_YOUTUBE VIDEO ON TUTSI & HUTU
6: -Hutus (88 percent) Tutsis (11 percent) in Rwanda -Hutu Independence: Tutsi exiled -Hutu Resistance: MORE VIOLENCE -Belgium dissolved monarchy -Tutsis & Hutus sought to gain control -Violence followed for decades after Independence of Hutus | REBELLION | BURUNDI (Tutsis) | RWANDA (Hutus)
7: RWANDA CIVIL WAR | -Tutsis invaded Rwanda after being exiled (1990) -Formed stronger army than Hutus (Rwandan Patriotic Front) -Burundi refuges attempted to overthrow Rwanda government -Hutu saw attack as attempt of reinstating Burundi power -WAR OUTBREAK -Peace treaty, Arusha Accords, FAILED - Rwanda government divided MODERATES UNWAVERING DEFENSE -Hutu war supporters attacked Tutsi minority in Rwanda -Assassination of Rwandan president: Juvnal Habyarimana and Burundi president Cyprien Ntaryamira - Rwanda Civil War begins -
8: MILLION DOLLAR QUESTION: HOW? | Belgians created mindset of HATRED | Tutsis & Hutus lived peacefully until Tutsis became superior | Shackles of the mind Fear of inferiority and unprosperity