FC: By Vincenzo Fiocco
1: "We Didn't Start the Fire" by Billy Joel is a song from the late 80's. The lyrics of this song are just important events or people from the early 50's to the 80's. All the people you will read about are from the early 50's
2: Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union for many years and will be remembered by many as a ruthless leader who would do anything to make the Soviet Union a world power. In the song "We Didn't Start the Fire" by Billy Joel JOseph Stalin is in the 50's section. in the 50's Joseph Stalin did the communist bloc of Eastern Europe. This divided Western Europe and Eastern Europe. Winston Churchill called it an "Iron Curtain" dividing Europe. And he made all Eastern European countries communist by sending communist leaders in to take over. He didn't let the countries in Eastern Europe accept the Marshall plan because he didn't want them to relay on the U.S.A. That is one of the main reasons he was in the news in the 50's. And the other big reasons that he would have been in the news is that he died in 1953 so it was a very important moment in the world. | Joseph Stalin
3: Georgy Malenkov was a very important person in the Soviet Union for many years. He was born January 13, 1902 in Orenburg, Russia. In 1919 he became a political commissar to the Red Army during the Russian civil war. By 1920 he had joined the communist party and became one of Josef Stalin’s confidants. Later after Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II Josef Stalin made the State Defense Committee, which was run by five members that made every major decision regarding the war, Georgy Malenkov was one of them. In 1946 he was appointed as second secretary of the Central Committee and deputy prime minister. In 1953 after Stalin died Malenkov took his position as first party secretary; however this only lasted for a couple of weeks then Nikita Khrushchev replaced him. After Khrushchev replaced him he once again became prime minister, this lasted for two years. During his time as prime minister he wanted to reduce the arms buildup, decrease the power of the secret police, lessen heavy industry in order to increase consumer goods manufacture and to reward farmers in collectives. He died at the age of 86 in Kazakhstan. | Georgy Malenkov
4: Gamal Abdel Nasser | Gamal Abdel Nasser was the President of Egypt and a great leader. He was born July 23, 1918 in Egypt. He was the first free officer to dispose the King and made him exile. He also became the revolution leader by over throwing the Rais. He is also well remembered because he nationalized the Suez Canal for Egypt after British and French troops occupied Port Said and the Sinai Peninsula. He was in Billy Joel’s song “We Didn’t Start the Fire” in the 50’s section because in the 50’s he became the first free officer, the Rais, became president and nationalized the Suez canal all in one decade. His love of his country drove him to overthrow the king and become president, and that made him a national icon in Egypt and the world.
5: Winthrop Rockefeller was born May 1, 1912, in New York City. His father was a very wealthy man and he was a privileged child. Winthrop didn’t want to be like the rest of his family, so he enlisted in the army. After completing candidate school he became a machine gun instructor. During World War II he was a part of many battles like the Battle of Guam and the invasion of Okinawa. He left the army with a rank of lieutenant general. After the war ended he was recognized as a heavy drinker and lived a playboy life style. He got married and had a son, but the marriage ended that same year. He later moved to Arkansas, and after living there for a while he decided to run for governor. He was a republican and Arkansas was a democratic state. Even though he put on a strong campaign he lost. The next election he ran for governor again and won it was the votes of the African Americans that won him the election. He was the first republican governor of Arkansas since 1872. His major achievements include several laws enacted during the 1967 legislature: adopting the state’s first minimum wage, tightening lax insurance regulation, and adopting a law to guarantee freedom of information. In 1968 he got reelected. He died of pancreatic cancer in Palm Springs, California at the age of 61. | Winthrop Rockefeller
6: Roy Campanella was a baseball player in the 1950’s who played for the Brooklyn Dodgers. He was regarded as the best fielding catcher of the 50’s and was elected to be in the Hall of Fame. He was born in Homestead, Pennsylvania on November 21, 1921 and died June 26, 1993. He had a short playing career because in 1957 he was in a car accident and was left paralyzed. Roy Campanella was a great baseball player, and because of his talent he was named MLB’s MVP 3 times in 1951, 1953 and 1955. He was also one of the first black people to break baseballs color bar after being recruited by the Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey. He is in the song “We didn’t Start the Fire” by Billy Joel because he was one of the best baseball players during the 50’s and because he got paralyzed during the 50’s. | Roy Campanella
7: Quiz | 1. Joseph Stalin was the dictator of _____________. 2. When was Georgy Malenkov born? 3. What land did Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalize for Egypt? 4. Before Winthrop Rockefeller when was the last republican governor of Arkansas? 5. How many times did Roy Campanella win the MVP award? a. 0 b. 2 c. 3 d.4
8: Bibliography | Taborelli, Giorgio. Icons of the century. Hauppauge, NY: Barron's, 1999. "Roy Campanella." 2011. Biography.com. 5 May 2011, 07:48 http://www.biography.com/articles/Roy-Campanella-40442. Dillard, Tom W. "Winthrop Rockefeller (19121973) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas." The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. The Central Arkansas Library System, 2011. Web. 26 May 2011.