BC: Louise Ann Castillo A2 Ms. Faumui
FC: The Philippines
1: Geography and Climate The Philippines is an archipelago made up of 7,107 islands and is near the countries of Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia. The Philippines has a population of just over 99 million people and it is the 12th largest country in the world. The local climate is hot, humid, and tropical. The average yearly temperature is around 26.5C (79.7F). There are three recognized seasons: Tag-init or Tag-araw, Tag ulan, and Taglamig
2: Main agriculture products: | Corn Rice Coconut Sugarcane Bananas | Pineapple Coffee Mangoes Tobacco Abaca
3: Size: Philippines is 115,830 square miles large Language: It has 8 major dialects: Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Tagalog, and Waray/ The language being taught over the Philippines is Tagalog and English. Religion: Due to 300 years of Spanish rule, the country is predominantly Christian nation.
4: History: Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines and claimed the archipelago for Spain in 1521, but was killed shortly after arriving when he intervened in a dispute between rival tribes. Christianity was established in the Philippines only after the arrival of the succeeding Spanish expeditionary forces
5: Native Customs and Beliefs Some native customs and beliefs that Filipinos practice are: -The use of “Po” and “Opo” means “Yes” in a very polite manner. Usually young people say this when they’re talking to adults. -Taking an elder’s hand and touching it to your forehead is a sign of respect. -Most Filipinos believe eating pancit on their birthda will make them live longer.
6: Feast of the Black Nazarene A grand fiesta. This festival centers on the image of the Black Nazarene. The festival is marked by an afternoon procession of thousands of devotees. | Santacruzan The Santacruzan is a procession celebrating St. Helens finding the "True Cross"
7: Chicken and Pork Adobo Ingredients 1 cup distilled white vinegar (or cider vinegar) 1 cup water 2 tablespoons peeled and crushed garlic 2 teaspoons salt 2 pieces of bay leaves half teaspoon freshly ground black pepper 1 pound chicken, cut into serving pieces, Chinese style 2 pounds pork butt, cut into cubes soy sauce oil Directions Add vinegar, water, garlic, salt, bay leaves and pepper into a large casserole. Bring to a boil. Add the meat, cover and bring to a boil. Simmer and cook for about 30 minutes. Sprinkle liberally with soy sauce and cook for an additional 10 minutes. Remove meat and reduce sauce. Remove sauce to a bowl. Put oil into the casserole and brown cooked meat. Drain oil from the casserole, and return the reduced sauce back with the meat. Serve with rice.
8: Directions Dust chicken and pork pieces in flour, salt and pepper. Brown quickly in hot oil. Saute garlic, onions, tomatoes and tomato sauce in separate pot. Pour 2 cups water and let boil. Add browned chicken, pork, bayleaf, oregano and bell pepper. Simmer for 30 minutes or until tender. Add potatoes and cook until tender. Add salt and pepper according to taste. You may thicken the sauce by adding flour dissolved in water into the pot. Finally, add peas and pimento and cook for another 3 minutes. Serve with rice. | Chicken and Pork Apretada Ingredients 2.2 lbs. chicken cut in pieces 1 lb. pork cut in 1 1/2 inch squares salt and pepper to taste flour cooking oil 4 cloves crushed garlic 1 medium sized onion, chopped 1 medium sized tomato, chopped 4 oz. can of tomato sauce 2 cups water 1 small bayleaf 1 sprig oregano 1 bell pepper cut into 1 inch squares 4 medium sized potatoes cut into 2 inch pieces 1/2 cup frozen peas 3.5 oz pimento cut into 1 inch squares
9: Bopis Ingredients o1 kilo pig lungs o1/4 kilo pork fat oLard for sauteing o1 head garlic, minced o1 medium onion, chopped o3 medium tomatoes, chopped oVinegar o2 medium radishes, cut into thin strips o4 medium bell peppers (red and/or green), cut into thin strips oSalt to taste Directions Wash and boil the pig lungs and fat; cool, then chop finely. Saute the lungs and fat in lard with garlic, onion, and tomatoes. Add vinegar and simmer until almost dry. Then add the radish and pepper strips. Season with salt.
10: Kutsinta Kutsinta is a brown rice cake, a favorite snack in the Philippines and is good with freshly grated coconut. Ingredients 1 cup rice flour 2 cups brown sugar 3 cups water 1 teaspoon lye water (potassium carbonate solution sold in Asian food stores) Freshly grated coconut Directions In a mixing bowl, combine all the ingredients and mix well. Pour into muffin pans, until halfway full. Steam in a large pan with a cover; the water should be 2 inches deep. Cook for 30 minutes or until a toothpick inserted comes out clean. Add more water if needed until cooking is done. Remove from the muffin pans and serve with freshly grated coconut. Serves 4.
11: Puto (Rice Muffins) Ingredients 2 cups rice flour 1/2 teaspoon salt 3 teaspoon baking powder 2 cups coconut milk 1 cup white sugar 1 teaspoon anise seeds (optional) 1 cup grated coconut (or coconut flakes) Directions Sift first four ingredients together. In a mixing bowl, add coconut milk to sifted ingredients and blend well to make a smooth mixture. Add anise seeds. Mix and blend thoroughly and fill greased muffin pans 2/3 full. Cook in a steamer for 30 minutes. Test for doneness. Muffins are done when toothpick or cake tester inserted in center comes out clean. Serve hot topped with grated coconut, or butter.
12: Common and unusual food | Kinilaw food made of raw ingredients and served without cooking or heating, the meat is dipped in vinegar soaked with spices \uncooked food \raw food | Lechon or Roasted Pig a whole roasted pig cooked over charcoal. lechón is prepared throughout the year for any special occasion, during festivals, and the holidays
13: Ginger Light brown knobby root from tropical plant. | Paprika Ground from dried sweet, red pepper. | Rosemary Very aromatic light green leaf resembling pine needles.Healthy and strong, even in cold weather. | Herbs and spices used everyday