BC: The End!!
FC: 1951 By: Ana
1: We Didn't Start the Fire The reason why you see all of this pictures and infromation about them is because in our social studies class of grade 8, we were assigned a year and seven words of the song each. I got the Rosenbergs, h-bomb, Sugar Ray, Panmunjom, Brando, The king and I and The Catcher in the Rye. I had to research them in the year 1951 with pictures to make a scrapbook. If you never heard the song before, its by Billy Joel and its called as you know is we didn't start the fire. I hope you enjoy my scrapbook!
2: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were a couple that was sentenced to death for passing secrets about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. They met in 1963 at a New Year’s benefit for the international Seamen’s Union. They had the same communist views so they started dating. They got married after Julius graduated and were both active participants in the communist party. | The Rosenbergs David Greenglass was working as a machinist in Los Alamos, New Mexico where the first atomic bomb was made during the Manhattan project. On June 15, 1950, he confessed to the FBI that he passed information about the Manhattan Project to Harry Gold, a Swiss immigrant. Harry Gold gave the information to Karl Fuchs, a high-level atomic scientist, and they had planned to pass those atomic secrets to the Soviet Union. David Greenglass also confessed to the FBI that he had sent some documents to his sister, Ethel Greenglass, and her husband, Julius Rosenberg. The FBI went to their house the next day to interview them. Julius told the agents that David was lying and that nothing was true.
3: He seemed nervous which made the agents suspect them. With this information, the agents decided to search more and they found Max Elitcher. He was friends with Julius from college. Max told them that Julius had gone several times to ask him classified information that Max knew because he worked with the air force and navy contacts. The agents had enough information and on August 17 1950 a federal grand jury indicted the Rosenbergs for conspiracy to commit espionage. They weren't charged with betraying the country because there was not enough evidence but their trial begun on March 6, 1951, and Morton Sobell was their lawyer. In the trial every person that was up to speak and answer the questions said that they had passed the secrets but when it was time for the Rosenbergs to speak they denied it all. After a day of deliberating the Rosenbergs and all the people related to this problem were found guilty. The jury sentenced the Rosenbergs to die in the electrical chair and sentenced Morton Sobell to 30 years in prison on April 5 1951. Some people supporting the Rosenbergs said it was inhuman to kill a woman and the lawyer of the opposing people published an article about them. June 19, 1953, shortly before 8:00 P.M, the Rosenbergs were electrocuted in the jail of Sing Sing in New York.
4: H-Bomb The H-bomb is a thermonuclear weapon. It is far more powerful than the atomic bomb that was dropped in Japan. The hydrogen bomb is called this because it is based on hydrogen isotopes while the atomic bomb is based on splitting radioactive isotopes. An h-bomb can make an explosion destroying 150 square miles depending on its size and its heat and toxic radioactive chemicals can destroy an area of 800 square miles. These were the bombs that started the Cold War.
5: After the atomic bomb in Japan, Lewis Strauss, the commissioner of the USAEC, and other military officials asked Harry Truman to start a program to build a new weapon which ended up being called the h-bomb. The h-bomb was measured in Megatons instead of kilotons and it could make an explosion as big as millions of tons of TNT. Oppenhiemer, a nuclear scientist, and other scientists were opposing this program but nothing changed and the program was started in 1950. Lots of scientists and mathematicians constructed the h-bomb. They took their work to Los Alamos, New Mexico, where the test of the first atomic bomb was made. The prototype of the h-bomb was first exploded on November 1, 1952 in Enewetak, Atollin, the South Pacific. The explosion hurt many islands and created a hole a mile wide and 175 feet deep. After this test, the scientists created an h-bomb that could be dropped from an aircraft and this was tested in 1954. The Soviet Union and the British constructed h-bombs, too. The Soviet Union bomb was tested on August 12, 1953 and the British h-bomb was tested May 15, 1957.
7: Sugar Ray Sugar Ray was a famous boxer that won a lot of fights. His career started on October 1940 and by 1951 he had fought 123 fights in 5 different countries and only lost one against another fighter called LaMota. Sugar Ray was really famous as a teenager. He practiced fighting and he was trained by George Gainford who then was his manager and took him to be the world welterweight champion, because he beat LaMotta on February, 1951. Sugar Ray fought with boxers of all countries like France, Germany, Netherlands, U.S and many more. He won most of the times by knocking them down. He won the welterweight championship in a fifteen- round fight aginst Tommy Bell in Madison Square Garden on December, 1946. Sugar Ray got the reputation of “the boxing idol of Europe” after his five-week trip to Europe in which he won many fights and he came back on January, 1951. Sugar Ray was really famous and he won a lot of battles but everyone has their end and he died on April 12, 1989 at the age of 67.
9: Panmunjom is a city in South Korea. This was where the peace talks were made when the war in Korea were getting better meaning they were getting to their end. In 1951 the two sides (the United Nations, North Korea and South Korea) knew that one of them had to give up or they had to start the peace talks. During May and June of 1951 the leaders got to a decision and then the Korean presidents said that they were starting the peace talks in a town called Kaesong right were North Korea and South Korea were divided. The talks began on June 10th 1951; some of the UN negotiators were hurt by Korean soldiers while they were going to the meetings several times. Because of this the meetings were moved to Panmunjom the town in South Korea. By 1953 Panmunjom had a strategy for the armies, and these peace talks brought the end to the fighting. Since South Korea never signed the agreement, the two countries are still technically at war.
10: Brando Marlon was a famous actor and won many prices. He was born on August 3rd 1924. With his movies he motivated many men to join the acting career and did movies that created great sensation on many people. Brando acted in the famous movie called “A Street Car Named Desire” also a really famous movie that had a lot of views. Brando won two Academy Awards for the Best Actor; the first one was won for the movie on the water front. His second Academy Award was won for his character Don Vito Corleone the character of Francis Ford Cappola’s version of The God Father by Mario Puzo. He was one of the most wanted actors as everyone loved him and his movies. | After all of his awards and his achieved goals in life, Brando Marlon Jr. died on July 1, 2004. He sure had a good and long life and people never forgot his movies or him. | Marlon Brando Jr.
11: The King and I was a musical made by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II. It was based on a book called “Anna and the King of Siam” written by Margaret Landon. This musical was opened by Broadway in 1951 and it got a lot of views. It was the sixth collaboration for the team of Rodgers and Hammerstein. This musical had 1246 performances and it got nominated for the Tony Award for the best musical. It is about a woman called Anna Leonownes and she was the teacher of the kids of the king on Siam. There were problems and love and many other things. The movie reviews of this musical were excellent. | This musical revived many people and it was one of the best musicals made in 1951. It went all around the world and is very famous today. Many people know and will recognize it as an awesome production.
12: The Catcher in the Rye The Catcher in the Rye is a novel made by J.D Salinger in 1951. This book was published originally for adults but the teenagers seem to like it since it has topics that are interesting to them like angst, sexuality, allientation and rebellion. It is a really famous book and has been translated to almost all of the languages so many people could read it. This book has trapped many readers and today is a very famous book. You can find it anywhere and it's had a lot of sales, 65 million to be exact. This book is written in first person and it's the story of a boy called Holden. He talks about what happens three days after he's been kicked out of the Pencey Prep, a few days before Christmas holidays. Holden decides to go talk to one of his teachers but the teacher denies to talk to him so Holden then decides to spend a few days in New York. He talks about his experiences and all the things he goes through.
14: Quiz 1.Why were the Rosenberg’s sent to jail and executed? 2.How many square miles can an h-bomb destroy, and how many square miles can it destroy including its heat and toxic radioactive chemicals? 3.How many fights had Sugar Ray fought by 1951? 4.How many Academy Awards did Brando Marlon Jr. win and why? 5.Why were the Peace talks of the cold war moved to Panmunjom? 6.What was “The King and I” and who directed it? 7.The book was originally made for adults. Why did teens get interested on it?
15: Bibliography of Research 1.American Decades 2.World History “the modern era” 3.Wilson Web 4.Wikipedia 5.World Book 6.www.jcs-group.com/military/war1950/panmunjom.html
16: Bibliography of Pictures Julius and Ethel Rosenberg- http://incogman.wordpress.com/2009/10/19/nozette-just-another-traitor-jew-spy/ H-Bomb- http://americanhistory.exteen.com/20080125/two-nation-live-on-edge-2 Sugar Robinson- http://snakeinboxe.blogspot.com/ Panmunjom-http://dsf.chesco.org/heroes/huss/huss.htm, http://www.bevinalexander.com/korea/korean-war-photos.htm Marlon-Brando-http://community.eu.playstation.com/t5/ENC-General-GC-Discussion/Mafia-2/td p/2486752%3Bjsessionid=418C0BCA2AF8B805412DD86BD03E7C05 The King and I- http://keropokman.blogspot.com/2007/08/king-and-i-esplanade-theatres.html Catcher in the Rye- http://www.nassaulibrary.org/YABookLog/2006/09/
17: I hope you enjoyed it and learned something new!