FC: transcribed and edited by students in Iriana Valdivia's English TI4 TR44 class November 2012 | A PHONETIC | Vol. 3
1: As students of translation and interpretation at Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), in Lima, Peru, we have spent the past semester studying many aspects of the English language, including pronunciation and the art/science of phonetic transcription. The symbol system that we use in our English TI4 class is the International Phonetic Alphabet. We use the IPA symbols to do broad phonemic transcriptions of General American English. As a way to practice our transcription skills, we have transcribed some classic English-language nursery rhymes, or "Mother Goose" rhymes, as they are sometimes called. Each of us transcribed one rhyme and chose some interesting facts about it. You'll also find the original rhyme as it is written in English. There are many variations in the words in nursery rhymes, but we've included just one version for each -- one that is widely known. Enjoy! --The students in Iriana Valdivia's TI 4 class, section TR44 UPC, LIMA, Peru November 2012
2: INDEX OF RHYMES 1. Humpty Dumpty.................................... pages 4 & 5 transcribed by: Sebastian Humaní 2. Mary Had a Little Lamb.........................pages 6 & 7 transcribed by: Katia Gutierrez 3. Curly Locks ............................................pages 8 & 9 transcribed by Veronica Peña 4. Peter, Peter Pumkin Eater......................pages 10 & 11 transcribed by Juan Carlos Sokcevik 5. There was a Crooked Man......................pages 12 & 13 transcribed by Daniel Castro 6. Rock-a-bye Baby.....................................pages 14 & 15 transcribed by Maria Fernanda de Souza Ferreira
3: 7. The Little Hen.. ...................................pages 16 & 17 transcribed by Lourdes Quiroz 8. Hey Diddle Diddle................................pages 18 & 19 transcribed by Liz Tabraj 9. Little Tommy Tucker...........................pages 20 & 21 transcribed by Rodrigo Luglio 10. Baa, Baa, Black Sheep.........................pages 22 & 23 transcribed by Shirley Romero 11. Monday's Child..................................pages 24 & 25 transcribed by Alyssa Rueda
4: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall Humpty Dumpty had a great fall All the king's horses and all the king's men Couldn't put Humpty Dumpty together again | Humpty Dumpty
5: Did you know... Humpty Dumpty is one of the best known nursery rhymes and most popular in the English language. First published by Samuel Arnold in 1797.
6: Mary had a little lamb, Its fleece was white as snow, And everywhere that Mary went The lamb was sure to go. It followed her to school one day, Which was against the rule. It made the children laugh and play To see a lamb at school. | Mary had a little lamb
7: There is a statue of Mary's lamb in Sterling, Massachusetts. | The Redstone School is believed to be the one mentioned in the rhyme. It is now located in Sudbury, Massachusetts.
8: Curly locks, curly locks, Wilt thou be mine? Thou shalt not wash the dishes, Nor yet feed the swine; But sit on a cushion And sew a fine sean And feed upon strawberries, Sugar and cream. | Curly Locks
9: The lyrics simply reflect that curls are a symbol of elegance and beauty. This symbolism relating to curls and beauty has been reflected in many works of literature. The message in the lyrics is that a girl with 'Curly Locks' is so desirable that her future will be a comfortable life probably
10: Did You Know?..... Peter was a poor man who had an unfaithful wife. She kept cheating on him (couldn’t keep her), so he had to find a way to stop her running around. His solution, fairly common in the middle ages, was a chastity belt (pumpkin shell). For those who don’t know, a chastity belt is roughly a pair of metal underwear with lock and key, so that no one could enter the private region of the woman except whoever held the key, usually her husband. And as the rhyme goes, once he put her in that belt, he kept her very well. | Peter, Peter, Pumpkin Eater | its not cool to cheat on the poor peter, if you do so...there are going to be consequences
11: Peter, Peter pumpkin eater, Had a wife but couldn't keep her; He put her in a pumpkin shell And there he kept her very well.
12: There was a crooked man and he went a crooked mile. He found a crooked sixpence beside a crooked stile. He bought a crooked cat which caught a crooked mouse. And they all lived together in a little crooked house | There Was a Crooked Man
13: Did you know that in the old England the word "crooked" was pronounced as "crookED" with the emphasis being placed upon the "ED" in the word, this used to be very common and many references of this pronunciation can be found in the works of William Shakespeare.
14: Rock-a-bye baby, in the treetop When the wind blows, the cradle will rock When the bough breaks, the cradle will fall And down will come baby, cradle and all | Rock-a-Bye Baby
15: Did you know? ... The words and lyrics to this nursery rhyme are reputed to reflect the observations of a young pilgrim boy in America who had seen Native Indian mothers suspend a birch bark cradle from the branches of a tree enabling the wind to rock the cradle and the child to sleep.
16: "little hen" is a term of endearment used in Scotland... | The Little Hen | I had a little hen, the prettiest ever seen, She washed up the dishes and kept the house clean. She went to the mill to fetch us some flour, And always got home in less than an hour. She baked me my bread, she brewed me my ale, She sat by the fire and told a fine tale!
17: Also... 'little hen' is often used to mean the youngest girl in the house. Did you know...?
18: Hey, Diddle Diddle | Did you know that ... | J.R.R Tolkien's first novel of the Lord oh the Rings contains an adaption which is sung by Frodo in the town of Bree. | Hey diddle diddle the cat and the fiddle the cow jumped over the moon the little dog laughed to see such sport and the dish ran away with the spoon
20: Do you know that... “Tommy Tucker” was the colloquial term used to denote an orphan. With no one to care for them or feed -those orphans were forced to begging for food or “singing for food”. This rhyme was first published in the year 1829. | Little Tommy Tucker
22: Baa, baa, black sheep, have you any wool? Yes, sir, yes, sir, three bags full; One for my master, one for my dame, And one for the little boy who lives down the Lane. Baa, baa, black sheep, have you any wool? Yes, sir, yes, sir, three bags full. | Baa, Baa, Black Sheep
23: Do you know that.... the rhyme referred to resentment at the heavy taxation on wool It has been used in literature and popular culture as a metaphor and allusion.
24: Monday's Child
25: .. This rhyme was invented to help children remember the days of the week | It tells you how's going to be your character or your future in relation with the day that you were born | It was first recorded in 1838 . Nowadays there are plenty of variations and problems about the exact meaning of each day. | DO YOU KNOW THAT... | By , AlySSA
26: The system of phonetic transcription used by the students in the Translation and Interpretation program at Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) uses symbols from the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to represent sounds of General American English. Each symbol represents a meaningful sound unit (phoneme) in the language. The IPA can be used to analyze and transcribe the sounds of any language in the world. On the next page you will find the symbols we used to transcribe our rhymes. | This is the SCHWA, which represents the unaccented central vowel sound in English words. | IPA Phonetic Transcription