FC: Through Texas from A to Z
1: By: Morgan Wendlandt | Dedicated to all Texans. | Though Texas from A to Z
2: Table of Contents | A-Austin Dam B- Brazos River Basin C- Caddo Mounds State Historical Site D- Davis Mountains State Park E- Enchanted Rock State Natural Area F- Fairfield Lake State Park G- Galveston County Historical Museum H-Hutto, Texas I- Inner Space Cavern J- Jacob's Well K- Kingwood College L- Lubbock Christian University M- Mountain View College N- Neches River O- Olton, Texas P- Palm House Museum Q- Quitman, Texas R- Rio Grande River S- Sul Ross State University T- Tyler Museum of Art U- University- Baylor University V- Victoria, Texas W- Waco, Texas X- XIT Rodeo and Reunion Y- Ye Old Clock Museum Z- Zilker Metropolitan Park
3: Citations | "A to Z - UT History." Texas Exes - University of Texas Alumni Association. Web. 08 Sept. 2011.
4: Citations | http://www.texastripper.com/round-rock/palm-house.html Web . "Quitman Texas." All about Texas - Texas Travel, History, Attractions, over 2600 Cities, Towns, Ghost Towns; People, Historic Places, Buildings, Illustrated. Web. 14 Sept. 2011.
5: KEY | Historical Importance: Caddo Mounds State Historical Site, Galveston County Historical Museum, Palm House Museum, Tyler Museum of Art Recreation areas: Zilker Metropolitan Park, Ye Old Clock Museum, XIT Rodeo and Reunion, Fairfield Lake State Park Cities: Hutto,TX., Olton, TX., Quitman,TX., Victoria, TX., Waco, TX. Universities: Kingwood College, Lubbock Christian University, Mountain View College, Sul Ross State University, Baylor University Water: Austin Dam, Brazos River Basin, Neches River, Rio Grande River Landforms: Davis Mountains State Park, Enchanted Rock State Natural Area, Inner Space Caverns, Jacob's Well
7: A- Austin Dam | The Austin Dam was finished May 21, 1893. The dam which goes across the Colorado River formed resplendent Lake McDonald, and the area became the social center of Austin. A massive flood broke the $1,000,000 dam on April 7, 1900, which devastated the city. It was rebuilt in 1913, only to flood downstream again in 1935. Today we have the Tom Miller Dam, which forms Lake Austin, and was finished in 1940.
8: B- Brazos River Basin | The Brazos rivers watershed is located in Texas and extends from eastern New Mexico on to the Gulf of Mexico. The watershed covers a total of 44,620 square miles. The Brazos river watershed begins on the cliffs of the Caprock Escarpment out in the High Plains region. Below the Caprock, starts the Double Mountain Fork and the Salt Fork of the Brazos river which gradually flows through the rolling Plains. The two forks meet at the eastern boundary of the rolling Plain that then form the Brazos river.
9: C- Caddo Mounds State Historical Site | The Caddo Mounds are situated in Cherokee County, west of Nacogdoches. Constructed more than 1,200 years ago by the Caddo Indians known as the Hasinai, the grounds were the southwestern-most ceremonial center for the great Mound Builder culture, which included the eastern North American woodlands for more than 2,500 years. First opened to the public in 1982, the grounds are made up of two temple mounds, a burial mound and a large area of the adjacent village.
10: D- Davis Mountains State Park | Davis Mountains State Park, 2708.9 acres in size, is in Jeff Davis County.The Davis Mountains, the largest mountain range in Texas, were made by volcanic activity. These mountains were named for Jefferson Davis, U.S. Secretary of War and later President of the Confederacy, who ordered the construction of the Fort Davis army post. After the war with Mexico, a swarm of gold seekers, settlers, and traders came through the area and needed the protection of a military post, like Fort Davis. Fort Davis was working from 1854 until 1891, except for certain periods during the Civil War. In 1961, the historic fort ruins were made a National Historic Site, and a huge restoration/preservation program began by the National Park Service.
11: E- Enchanted Rock State Natural Area | Enchanted Rock State Natural Area (E-Rock) is located on 16710 Ranch Rd. 965, Fredericksburg, Texas. E-Rock is a natural area made up of pink granite domes. There is 1,643.5 acres consisting of E- Rock. Tonkawa Indians believed ghost fires flashed at the top of E- Rock, and they heard strange creaking and groaning, which geologists say is because of the rockâ€™s heating up during the day and then cooling at night.
12: F- Fairfield Lake State Park | Fairfield Lake State Park consists of 1460 acres. Some activities you can do on the 2400-acre lake is to go boating, water skiing, jet skiing, fishing, and swimming. Fairfield Lake is heated by the Texas Utilities Power Plant runoff, which makes for warm waters.What's special about Fairfield is it's different from most lakes in that there is warm winter temperatures, so it's has an abundance of Red Drum( a type of fish).
13: Galveston County Historical Museum is located on 2219 Market Street, Galveston TX. Galveston Island, for years a crossroad for Indians, privateers, Spanish and French explorers, and for some time was a well working capital of the Republic of Texas. This time was during the Texas War for Independence, when Santa Anna was invading in 1836. From January 1836 awaiting U. S. annexation until 1846, Galveston was the naval base for the fleet which secured shipping and helped to stop Mexican invasions of Texas by sea. By September, 1837, the four ships that conceded of the Texas Navy had all been lost to the sea. Not until April, 1840 was the Navy restructured, under President M. B. Lamar. A few yearsâ€™ later ships at annexation were transferred to the U. S. Navy. Now days you can go look at the amazing Museum which includes archeology, photos, historical, local and pioneer history. | G- Galveston County Historical Museum
14: In 1876, the town of Hutto began, when the International and Great Northern Railroad was built three miles north of Shiloh. During the constructing of the International and Great Northern Railroad, the railroad company also bought five acres of land for a well planed out station stop. There by creating the town of Hutto, which got its name for James Emory Hutto, born June 8, 1824, in the state of Alabama. Hutto, then went to Texas in 1847, at the age of 23 and served in the Confederate Army for three years. When the Hutto post office opened on June 27, 1877, officials appointed James E. Hutto postmaster, an honorable position. He then became one of the most well known cattlemen in the county. He and his wife, Margaret Hughes, also from Alabama, raised eight children together. In 1885 they moved to Waco, where James conducted a very successful hardware business. | H- Hutto,Texas Texas
15: I- Inner Space Caverns | Undiscovered for 10,000 years, Inner Space Caverns is one of the best protected caves in Texas and one of the few places where remnants of prehistoric animals were unearthed. Inner Space Caverns was found by a Texas Highway Department core drilling team during the Spring of 1963. When drilling through 40 feet of solid limestone, a bit broke off , into what is now known,very well, as Inner Space Caverns. A brave employee of the highway department was lowered into the hole, when standing on the drill bit and holding tightly to the stem. He was the very first human to ever be inside of Inner Space Caverns.
16: J- Jacob's Well | Jacob's Well is a natural area and is treasured by Texas. Jacob's well is an artesian spring and is one of the longest underwater caves in Texas. Jacobâ€™s Well gushes forth thousands of gallons of water per minute and acts as headwaters to the Cypress Creek that flows through Wimberley, supporting Blue Hole and the Blanco River, contributes to Edwards Aquifer, and finally estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico. The location has been a favorite swimming hole for generations, a meeting place for many Native Americans and early settlers, and a plentiful habitat for aquatic species.
17: K- Kingwood College | Kingwood College is a community college serving the Montgomery, Liberty, and Northeast Harris counties. In addition to the standard two-year degrees, the college offers a number of specialized training programs including; teaching, nursing, dental hygiene, respiratory care, occupational therapy and computer programs. The college serves approximately 6,500 credited students and 3,000 non-credited students each semester. Kingwood College offers, Discovery College, a summer program for youth, as well as free small business development seminars.
18: L- Lubbock Christian University | Focusing strongly on student achievement in all areas of life, Lubbock Christian University (LCU) has been shaping lives for over 50 years. With a rich heritage of faith, campus traditions, and student leadership, the campus and community at LCU are models to form strong minds and spirits. From the oldest tradition on campus, chapel, to the spectacle of Master Follies, LCU is a place that is bursting with life and a rich heritage of faith. It is the only other university in Lubbock, besides Texas Tech University. It offers an excellent full curriculum for all areas of education.
19: M- Mountain View College | Mountain View College of the Dallas County Community offers a variety of day, evening, weekend, and on-line courses leading to an Associate in Arts, Associate in Sciences, Associate in Applied Sciences, and Associate of Arts in Teaching Degrees, as well as Emphasis Degrees, Field of Study Degrees, and certificates and skills achievement awards. Courses are available in traditional 15-week fall and spring terms, as well as, during summer, winter, flex, and fast track terms. Mountain View College was founded in 1970. The average class size is a small sixteen students per class, which makes for great teaching opportunities. | Mountain View College of the Dallas County Community variety of day, evening, weekend, and online courses leading to an Associate in Arts, Associate in Sciences, Associate in Applied Sciences, and Associate of Arts in Teaching Degrees, as well as Emphasis Degrees, Field of Study Degrees, and certificates and skills achievement awards.Courses are available in traditional 15-week fall and spring terms as well as during summer, winter, May, flex, and fast track terms.Mountain View College was founded in 1970, Average class size 16 students per class.
20: N- Neches River | The Neches river flows southeast for 416 miles to Sabine Lake, on the northeastern edge of Port Arthur. Two major reservoirs are located on the Neches: Lake Palestine just north of Cuney, and Lake B. A. Steinhagen near Town Bluff. A small reservoir, Rhine Lake, is located above Lake Palestine. The Neches has a drainage area estimated at 10,011 square miles. Abundant rainfall in the basin results in a flow of some 6,000,000 acre-feet per year. Major tributaries include the Angelina River, which drains one-third of the basin area, Bayou La Nana, Ayish Bayou, Pine Island Bayou, Village Creek, Kickapoo Creek, and Flat Creek. In 1980 the population of the Neches River basin was reported at 506,300. The Neches river was home to the 12,000-year-old Clovis Indian culture. The Indian settlement reached its climax after the arrival of the Caddos about A.D. 780. The Spanish explorer, De LeÃ³n, named the river after the Neches Indians who lived in the area at the time. | Flows southeast for 416 miles to its mouth on Sabine Lake, on the northeastern edge of Port Arthur Two major reservoirs are located on the Neches: Lake Palestine just north of Cuney, and Lake B. A. Steinhagen near Town Bluff. A small reservoir, Rhine Lake, is located above Lake Palestine. The Neches has a drainage area estimated at 10,011 square miles. Abundant rainfall in the basin results in a flow of some 6,000,000 acre-feet per year. Major tributaries include the Angelina River, which drains one-third of the basin area, Bayou La Nana, Ayish Bayou, Pine Island Bayou, Village Creek, Kickapoo Creek, and Flat Creek. In 1980 the population of the Neches River basin was reported at 506,300. 12,000-year-old Clovis culture. Indian development reached its peak after the arrival of the Caddos about A.D. 780De LeÃ³n dubbed the river Neches after the Neches Indians
21: O- Olton, Texas | As the first town in the county, it became the county seat when the county was organized in 1908. In 1903 A. B. Powell started the first store and post office in his home three miles from the present town-site; he named the community for his son, Olton Powell. The Olton Enterprise began in 1926. When the town was incorporated in 1930 it had a population of 300, three cotton gins, and a few other businesses. In 1965 a low-cost housing project was built, and in 1966 the town had four schools, thirteen churches, a bank, a hospital, a library, and a newspaper. The population was 2,280 in 2000 with only one school, three churches, a bank, and a newspaper.
22: P- Palm House Museum | Built in the 1860s, this historic home now contains a two-room museum and it also doubles as the local Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Center. In the kitchen and front room are photos and artifacts from Round Rock's early days. Look for the silver bowl whose lid was blown off during the Sam Bass shoot-out. Bass was an outlaw.
23: The county's first and only county seat, Quitman was formed in 1850 and named after John A. Quitman, a governor of Mississippi and a General during the Mexican War who distinguished himself at Monterey and also served as governor of Mexico City during the U. S. occupation. In 1872 as the Texas and Pacific Railway headed west across Texas, Quitman was a major artery along the route. Today Quitman is a thriving city of Northeast Texas. | Q- Quitman, Texas
24: R- Rio Grande River | The Rio Grande flows from its headwaters in the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado for 1,865 miles to the Gulf of Mexico near Brownsville, Texas. For 1,250 miles, the Rio Grande is the boundary between the United States and Mexico. In a remote stretch in west Texas, the river makes a curve to the northeast to form the â€œbig bend.â€ It is here that the grand character of the river lives on.The Rio Grande supplies water to many cities and businesses along its route.
25: S- Sul Ross State University | Sul Ross State University is located in scenic Alpine, Texas, the county seat of Brewster County, at the gateway to the Big Bend country. Sul Ross State University was created by an act of the 35th Legislature. The Legislature in 1919 appropriated $200,000 for buildings and equipment.Construction proceeded, and under the presidency of Thomas J. Fletcher, Sul Ross State Normal College began operations in the present Dolph Briscoe Jr. Administration Building on June 14, 1920.
26: T- Tyler Museum | In April 1952, the Tyler Service League created the very first community Arts Committee, mainly because there weren't any art museums anywhere around Tyler, they wanted children to be able to see art work. The League took pictures from artist to 5th and 6th grade classroom and showed the wonderful paintings to the children. Every week they would go to a different classroom with the pictures. Then in 1960 they bought a house and made it into an Art center. By 1971 the Tyler Art Museum was opened to the public as a non-profit organization. The Tyler Museum of Art's is a growing permanent collection of over 1200 paintings, prints, photographs, and sculptures by many artists like James Surls, Vernon Fisher, Alexander Calder, Terry Allen, and Charles Umlauf.
27: Baylor University is located in Waco,Texas. It's a Baptist university and a nationally ranked liberal arts institution. Baylor University is the oldest university that is still teaching students today, in Texas. About 80 percent of students come from Texas and 20 percent come from other states and countries. Over the years Baylor has grown to be a 735-acre campus. Baylor University educates more than 14,000 men and women during there time at the university, they try to help pursue their dreams. | U- Baylor University
28: V- Victoria, TX | In 1824, Martin De Leon, a man from Mexico,got permission from the Mexico government to start a settlement next to the two rivers called the Guadalupe and Lavaca rivers. Martin De Leon called his new settlement Nuestra Guadulupe DeVictoria. Then, when Texas won it's independence, the name was shortened to Victorica, this was on May 17, 1836.
29: W- Waco, TX | Waco, Texas is about 90 miles south of Dallas and 100 miles north of Austin. Waco is named for the Hauco Indains who were the first to live in Waco. Waco was first a small village which finally started to develop in 1849, when a surveyor, George B. Erath, put down Waco's first streets. In 1856, Waco became a city and then in the 1870's Waco became a hub of commerce for the state of Texas with several railroad lines.
30: X- XIT Rodeo and Reunion | XIT Rodeo and Reunion is celebrating it's 75 anniversary this year. XIT Ranch was the largest ranch in Texas in the 1880's, northward near the Oklahoma Panhandle.The Ranch was so enormous it covered ten counties; Dallam, Hartley, Deaf Smith, Castro, Bailey, Hockle, Lamb, Oldham,Cochran and Parmer. Cowboy's and their family's have worked at XIT Ranch since 1936 and they have been getting together for annual reunions. In 1937 they moved the reunions to Dalhart. Every year the have a rodeo and a free barbacue out in Dalhart, TX.
31: Y- Ye Old Clock Museum | The owner of Ye Old Clock museum, Mr. and Mrs. Jim Shawn have been collecting clocks for a lifetime, they have an amazingly rare collection of clocks. Mr. Shawn is currently in his 80's and still enjoys working on clocks in this workshop. The couples private collection turned into the Ye Old Clock Museum. There is a overwhelming amount of clocks, over 2,000 of them. They have a beautiful collection of clocks from all over the world. Some of the clocks are from as far back as 1790! There aren't many museums in the United States like the Ye Old Clock Museum, only five to be exact. There are plans to move the museum to downtown Pharr, TX.
32: Z- Zilker Metropolitan Park | Zilker Park is on the shores of Lady Bird Lake, also known as Town Lake. With Barton Springs flowing through Zilker. Zilker has many great activities to do, like go running on the trail that goes around the Lake. Zilker Park is 351.00 acres, there is plenty you can do at Zilker Park, for example; you can barbaque, play basketball, play on the fields, play fetch with your dog, have a pinic, take your siblings to the playgrounds, go swimming or go play tennis. There is so much you can do at Zilker Metropolitan Park to have a great day in Austin, Texas.