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Absolute Monarchy

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S: Period 8th Group 7

BC: RJ, Jordan, Sean, David, Group #7, Period 8

FC: Ruling in style

1: Absolute Monarchy is where the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority | Enlightened monarchs embraced the principles of the Enlightenment

2: Stuff about his Life He was born in 1638 and died in 1715. Know as the Sun king. During his life, he united France and expanded his empire to almost every continent in the world. | King Louis Served as king for 72 years. From 1643 to the day he died. This is one of the longest documented reign in history. | King Louis Served as king for 72 years. From 1643 to the day he died. This is one of the longest documented reign in history. | Louis would use the people great want for peace and expansion to his benefits. | The Sun King generously financed the royal court, and supported those who worked under him. He brought the Académie Franaise under his patronage, and became its "Protector".

3: He was able to have a party all the time in his huge mansion at Versailles and could keep a constant eye on his nobles so they would have no time to conspire against him. | In his time Louis would issue a lot of reform in the ways things were. for example he would change the fact that nobles were the head of the armies just because they had money now it was based of skill. | The death of Philip IV of Spain in 1665 precipitated the War of Devolution. In 1660, Louis had married Philip IV's eldest daughter, Maria Theresa, as part of the 1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees. The marriage treaty specified that Maria Theresa was to renounce all claims to Spanish territory for herself and all her descendants.

4: Peter the Great Peter the Great was the empire of Russia. Peter was the grandson of Tzar Michael Romanov In 1682, at the age of 10, Peter was proclaimed Tzar, but due to a power struggle between different political forces he had to rule together with his brother Ivan under the patronage of his sister Sofia. Peters main goal was to regain access of the Baltic sea and the Baltic trade. In 1700 he started the Northern War of Sweden , which lasted for 21 years. In the course of the war St. Petersburg was found (1703) in the Neva River delta. At the end of the war Russia was victorious and conquered the vast lands on the Baltic coast. Russia gained access to European trade and St. Petersburg became her major sea port. His people like Peter the great because of his great leadership skills and also his great war tactics. He also gave new kand to the people of Russia. He lead with power for many years he started in 1682 until the day that he died witch was in 1696!

6: Frederick William was born in Berlin on the 25 September 1744. After his father’s death he inherited the throne in 1758, since Frederick was the only child he was king at the age of 14. | Frederick while he was in power he did influence the building of rods, channels and trade. But to pay for all the new roads and new channels he had to get money, so he decided to start taxing the people. This gave the new king much popularity. By his practical experiments and by his writings he gained a considerable reputation as an economist | His economist outlook is not just the only thing he had he was also known as the Soldier-King; Frederick had developed a formidable army and encouraged centralization, but was also known for his authoritarianism and temper. Frederick's goal was to modernize and unite his disconnected lands; toward this end, he fought wars mainly against Austria, whose Habsburg dynasty reigned as Holy Roman Emperors almost continuously from the 15th century until 1806.

7: Ivan the Terrible was born on the 25th of August 1530, and was king by 3 until he died on the 28th of March 1584. At age 16 on 16 January 1547. | Despite calamities triggered by the Great Fire of 1547, the early part of his reign was one of peaceful reforms and modernization. Ivan revised and created the standard army and established the assembly of land, public, consensus-building assembly, and the council of the nobles. | He introduced local self-government to other rural regions, mainly in the northeast. During this time the first printing press was introduced to Russia. Ivan the terrible might be terrible but he did have a soft side for pop culture and was a popular ruler. Ivan in theory would have died in war or assignation but he died from a stroke playing chess with one of his buddies

8: Philip the 2nd | Also known as Philip the Prudent, he ruled one of the world's largest empires which included territories in every continent then known to Europeans. Philip was born in Valladolid, the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, and his consort, Isabella of Portugal. During his reign, Spain was the foremost Western European power. Under his rule, Spain reached the height of its influence and power, directing explorations all around the world and settling the colonization of territories in all the known continents. | Also known as Philip the Prudent, he ruled one of the world's largest empires which included territories in every continent then known to Europeans. Philip was born in Valladolid, the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, and his consort, Isabella of Portugal. During his reign, Spain was the foremost Western European power. Under his rule, Spain reached the height of its influence and power, directing explorations all around the world and settling the colonization of territories in all the known continents.

9: From 1590 to 1598, Philip was also at war against Henry IV of France, joining with the Papacy and the Duke of Guise in the Catholic League during the French Wars of Religion. Philip's interventions in the fighting – sending Alessandro Farnese, to end Henry IV's siege of Paris in 1590 – and the siege of Rouen in 1592 – saving the French Catholic Leagues's cause against a Protestant French monarchy. In 1593, Henry agreed to convert to Catholicism; weary of war, most French Catholics switched to his side against the hardline core of the Catholic League, who were portrayed by Henry's propagandists as puppets of a foreign monarch, Philip.

10: She was born May 13 1717 she was the empires of Austria. And died Nov 18 1780. Maria Theresa was the eldest daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. In 1711, Charles VI found himself the sole remaining male Habsburg. An old European law, the Salic Law, prohibited a woman from inheriting her father's kingdom. Concerned that he may not father a son, Charles VI issued a decree in 1713, known as the Pragmatic Sanction. This document guaranteed the right of succession to his daughter. At this time, many of the great powers of Europe agreed to her succession of power, at a price. Upon the death of Charles VI in 1740, however, challenges to the Habsburg lands led to the War of the Austrian Succession. In 1756, Maria Theresa felt that Austria was strong enough to renew her conflict with Frederick II. With the direction of her state chancellor, Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, the empress reorganized Austria's foreign policy in the so--called Diplomatic Revolution. Maria often had many people who like her an often had many of her people that did not like her. Being the Holy Roman Emperors many did not like that she was female. Also believe that she should not be put in her position because of Charles VI. She felt that Austria was strong and did not want to change anything when she came in power. She always respected others and the people respected her back.

11: Maria Theresa

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