S: BJ Project by Ahilya Lom
BC: ECA Publications Pvt. Ltd.
FC: End of the Year Billy Joel Project
1: Introduction | The following people were chosen for my year end project because I thought it would be interesting to educate myself and others about the significant people during the 70s. I think that Billy Joel chose these people to be in his song because they were very important for different things they did at the time.
2: One of America’s female box office attractions of the ‘50s and ‘60s, who was also singer, dancer and actress, was Doris Day. She was born in Cincinnati, Ohio to 2 German Catholic parents. As a child, she had a dream of dancing. Tragically, an automobile accident crushed on of her legs and also crushed her dream of becoming a dancer. Yet, there was still hope after she found her talent of singing. At the age of 15 (1937), she started touring with many famous bands such as the Les Brown Band and married and divorced their trombonist, Al Jorden. In 1948, after a screen test with Warner Bros, she made her first movie with them called Romance on the High Seas. She continued with her success in the film industry with many more blockbuster hits such as My Dream is Yours and It’s A Great Feeling (1949). One of her best-known films was made towards the end of her career that was Pillow Talk (1959). Also towards the end of her career, she made a hit single called Please Don’t Eat the Daisies (1960). After, she started making TV shows such as The Doris Day Show. That show, like her movies, was successful yet stopped airing. After, she occasionally made TV appearances. Today, she runs the Doris Day Animal League, which advises homes and good care of pets-at-home.
4: The 33rd President of the United States of America was born in Missouri and worked proudly as a farmer. His name was Harry Truman. Through the years, Truman was elected Judge, then Senator of Independence, Missouri and then elected Vice President of USA. He was in that position for a few weeks and in those few weeks had nothing to do with the atomic bomb President John F. Kennedy was producing and using and also the problems that the United States was having with Soviet Russia. Truman suddenly had to solve these problems when he got elected as President on April 12, 1945. He portrayed his feelings through this quote: “I felt like the moon, the stars, and all the planets had fallen on me.” Harry S. Truman Truman was, in my opinion, one of the most successful Presidents when it came to fighting, but also helping. For example, when the war with Japan was in action, the Japanese had refused to surrender. So Truman, to give the Japanese a piece of his mind, dropped two bombs on Japanese cities; one on Hiroshima and the other on Nagasaki. The USA was already preparing to drop another bomb, when the Japanese finally surrendered. But then there was also the soft side of President Truman. He had created a document called the Truman Doctrine, which stated that whenever a nation would be pressurized by the U.S.S.R, other nations would help. This “pact” came in handy when the U.S.S.R was pressuring Turkey and Greece and also threatened to take over both countries. Truman came to aid these countries. Also, another creditable thing that should be recognized is the Berlin Airlift. When Stalin created a blockade, the Eastern block in Germany was facing starvation. Truman created this airlift, which would drop food on Berlin for the starving people. Overall what Truman did helped the United States and other countries as well. Unfortunately, after years in office, President Truman dies at the age of 88, after fighting for survival.
6: In a farmhouse not a few miles away from Hopewell, Oregon, was born a little boy that no one knew would be a great male singer in his future life. John Alvin Ray was born as a 2nd child to Elmer and Hazel Ray after 1st daughter Elma Ray, born Jan. 10th, 1927 on farmhouse just a few miles from Hopewell, Oregon, later known as Salem. He was one of the greatest of the transition singers between the crooners and rockers. Crooners were a nickname giver to male, pop singers at the time. He started singing locally in a wild, flamboyant style unlike any other white singer at the time. He sang many great songs like one of his early songs “Cry” and his emotional song “The Little Cloud That Cried” and both were major hits. He had a great voice, despite his youthful accident at age 13.Boy Scout Jamboree being held with troops from all over the Pacific NW. Other boys were jealous of Johnnie for his musical talent. During a blanket toss, he was hurled into the air (10-12 ft.). Boys who were throwing him let go or as they thought of it, they “lost their grip”. Johnnie slammed hard onto the ground, ramming a dry, stiff straw into his left ear and he immediately lost 50 percent of his hearing. He didn't tell parents, hoping it would pass off but it didn't. After, a botched operation left him injured in both ears. Even after this accident and the operation, at the age of 14 he got his first hearing aid. Because of his wild and flamboyant style, he became an international sensation, showering his great hits around the world but he became the most famous in the UK and America. EH made a 2-million-2-sided-hit with his songs “Cry” and “the Little Cloud That Cried”. He also got awarded a star at the Hollywood Walk of Fame for recording at 6201 Hollywood Boulevard. At the age of 25, he got married to Marilyn Morrison (25-May-1952) and he got divorced in January of 1954. He died at the age of 63 because of abuse of pills and liquor leading to his liver failure. But no one will forget his emotional songs which touched the hearts of many.
8: Born on November 24, 1914, Giuseppe Paolo (Joe) DiMaggio Jr. was the son to Italian immigrant parents. He grew up in the San Francisco, California, with his four brothers and four sisters. All eleven lived in a small, four-room house. At age seventeen, DiMaggio started off playing minor league baseball with the San Francisco Seals. One of his older brothers was playing on that team and recommended Joe for a position on the team. Joe started with a salary of $250 a month. In 1933 when he got hits in sixty-one consecutive games, he became a Bay Area celebrity, an all-time record for the league. His batting average (the percentage of time that a batter gets a hit) was .340 and he batted in 169 runs. A year later, DiMaggio’s batting average hit .341, and the New York Yankees bought his contract for twenty-five thousand dollars and five minor league players, welcoming them into the team. DiMaggio's debut (start) in centerfield with the Yankees was delayed because of an injury. He appeared on the field for the first time, on May 3, 1936. After this debut, every game he played in, people would ask if he had made his hit yet. Reporters would be reporting the question of the day, which was if DiMaggio had made his hit yet. Reporters would also have “DiMag” bulletins, only talking about DiMaggio’s hits and batting averages. DiMaggio also was famous for winning two MVP awards, one in his first championship game, which they won, and the other in 1941. During this time, the Great War was in action. WW2 lasted from 1939-1945 during which the Allies and Axis Powers were fighting, till the Axis won. DiMaggio batted in the year of 1942 with a batting average of .305 but then got drafted into the army. For three years he served for the country and returned to professional baseball in 1946. After that, he became a national hero and played spectacularly for the NYY. In 1949, he became American-League’s first player to earn $100,000. DiMaggio retired in 1952 when he was thirty-seven. DiMaggio’s quote stated, "When baseball is no longer fun, it's no longer a game." The Yankees honored him by retiring his uniform number, number five. This means that no Yankee baseball player will ever wear that number again. He had married Hollywood actress Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962). In 1955, he got elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame and was named the “Greatest Living Player”. Joe DiMaggio died at his home in Hollywood, Florida, on March 8th, 1999. Joe DiMaggio is remembered as an inspiration not only for sports fans, but for all people.
10: One of the most popular people in radio, Walter Winchell, was born April 7, 1897 in New York City. Winchell left school after the sixth grade and spent several years in vaudeville as part of Gus Edwards’ "Newsboys Sextet.” Winchell was in the process of writing a regular gossip column for the New York Daily Mirror when he made his radio debut in 1930 on CBS’s Saks on Broadway, a 15-minute feature that discussed show business news. Another one of his radio appearances came in 1932, when NBC’s Blue Network (later ABC) asked him to host The Jergens Journal, another 15- minute show that combined entertainment news with matters of national importance. Winchell was colorful, emotional, and highly opinionated, and his top-rated show brought him a unique celebrity and power. Winchell’s broadcasts were fast-paced, with each story spoken in a rapid-fire staccato style and punctuated with the urgent tapping of a telegraph key. Winchell stayed in radio until 1957 and later narrated the popular television series "The Untouchables". Walter Winchell died on February 20, 1972. Several years later, Walter Winchell was inducted into the Radio Hall of Fame in 2004.
12: Quiz Time! 1.)What popular television series did Walter Winchell narrate in 1957? 2.)In what year did Joe DiMaggio get drafted into the army? 3.)In what year did Johnnie Ray start using a hearing aid? 4.)What important thing did Harry Truman do during his time as President? 5.)What did 1 popular movie did Doris Day star in?
13: Good Luck Answering!
14: Text Resources http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000013/bio http://funnywebpark.blogspot.com/2010/11/history-of-famous-people-of-1950s.html “The World” Social Studies Text Book (Pg. 570) http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/harrystruman http://www.johnnieray.com/bio.html http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0712877/bio http://www.joedimaggio.com/the-man http://www.notablebiographies.com/De-Du/Dimaggio-Joe.html http://www.baseball-reference.com/players/d/dimagjo01.shtml http://www.radiohof.org/news/walterwinchell.html
15: Image Resources http://www.fanpop.com/spots/doris-day/images/4296680/title/doris-day-wallpaper http://itsnews2them.blogspot.com/2010/04/brave-last-days-alert-doris-day.html http://www.c-ville.com/Article/Archives/Nickname_dropping/?Year=2007&z_Issue_ID=11430308071501985 http://ushistory10e.blogspot.com/2010/03/harry-trumans-presidency.html http://thehoundblog.blogspot.com/2009/08/johnny-ray-little-white-queer-that.html http://muslib.ru/b904946/Johnnie+Ray/ http://www.phawker.com/2009/10/27/world-series-when-frank-rizzo-met-joe-dimaggio/ http://bleacherreport.com/articles/136180-joe-dimaggio-remembering-a-legend http://missdelite4.blogspot.com/ http://www.ggpsecurityservices.com.ve/clientes.html