S: Texas History A-Z
FC: Texas Alphabetized | BY ELENA WILFONG AND AVERY MCCLANAHAN P.3 Kee | MONDAY, SEPTEMER 19, 2011
1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | A- Lake Arrow Head B- Brazos River C- Corpus Christi D- Palo Duro Canyon E- El Paso F- Wichita Falls G- Guadalupe River H- Hueco Mountains I- South Padre Island J- Jacob's Well K- Kinnes Jewelers Mountains L- Lubbock Christian University M- Midland N- National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame O- Odessa P- Paris Junior College Q- Quintana Beach Country Park | R- Rice University S- Schlitterbahn T- Trinity River U- University of Texas V- Valley Race Park W- Watermelon Statue X- X.I.T Ranch Y- Yorktown Historical Museum Z- Abilene Zoo
2: A | San Antonio River | Water | The San Antonio River is in the lower South region of Texas. It flows 240 miles long through the counties of Bexar, Wilson, Karnes, Goliad, and Refugio. The San Antonio River Basin has over 8,800 miles of streams. The Blue Hole is a natural spring in the San Antonio River. The San Antonio River Walk is a popular attraction that millions of people visit every year.
3: B | Brazos River | Water | The Brazos River in the state of Texas extends from Eastearn New Mexico to the Gulf of Mexico. The Brazos River is the longest river in Texas. It properly flows southeast to Waco, which is one of the largest cities on the river. The original spanish name of this river is the Brazos de Dios (Arms of God). Its chief tributaries are the Paluxy, Little, and Navasota rivers.
4: C | Corpus Christi | City | Corpus Christi is in the Southern part of Texas near the Gulf of Mexico. Corpus Christi is the 8th largest city in Texas. It has over 113 miles of Gulf Coast beaches. Corpus Christi Major industries are petrochemical, military, and tourism. This city is also home to the official state aquarium of Texas, The Texas State Aquarium.
5: D | Palo Duro Canyon | Landform | The Palo Duro Canyon is in the Texas Panhandle. In 1993 the state park was privately owned. Early Spanish explorers named our state park Palo Duro Canyon because of all of the hard wood in the area. From 1993 until 1997 there were men building roads, cabins and lodging. America never really discovered Palo Duro Canyon until 1852.
6: E | El Paso | City | El Paso became part of Texas when the U.S. joined the Union in 1845. El Paso was originlly named Franklin. In 1979 The Franklin Mountain State Park was created into a state park. In 1881 railroads were starting to be built. Soon enough El Paso was a modern city.
7: F | Witchita Falls | Water | Witchita falls is in the lower North East corner of the Panhandle area of North Texas. Witchita Falls is a family oriented city, with populations exceeding over a million citizens. This city is a major trade and industrial center. The Shepard Air Force Base is their military industry. Witchita Falls is named for Witchita People who lived near water falls.
8: G | Guadalupe River | Water | The Guadalupe River runs from Kerr Country Texas to San Antonio bay, which is on the Gulf of Mexico. Some of the bigger cities on the river include New Braunfels, Kerville, Seguin, Gonzales, Cuero, and Victoria. This river is oftenly used for rafting and canoeing. The Guadalupe State Park was opened to the public in 1983, and is located on the 9-mile stretch of the Guadalupe River. A variety of activities are available to visitors, such as fishing, swimming, tubing, picnicking, hiking, and camping.
9: H | Hueco Mountains | Landform | The Hueco Mountains extends 27 miles South into Texas. There is soil between the Hueco Mountains that provide food and shelter for trees. The Hueco Mountains are very hallow so people named the very hallow mountain Hueco Mountain(in spanish hueco means hallow). About 60 to 70 million years ago the mountains were part of the Rocky Montain system. Between the Hueco Mountains and the Franklin Mountains there is sedimentary rock that is 9,000 feet thick.
10: I | South Padre Island | Landform | South Padre Island is located on the tropical tip of Texas. It is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and the Laguna Madre Bay. This island was originally named â€œIsla Blancaâ€ or â€œWhite Sandâ€. It was first charted by the Spanish explorer Alonzo de Pineda. A variety of activities including windsurfing, kite boarding, dolphin watching, para sailing, jet skiing, horseback riding, shopping, tennis and golf, or just lounging by the pool. These are all available for every visitor.
11: J | Jacobs Well | Landform | Jacobs Well flows all the way to Cypress Creek, which is a couple of miles from Wimberly, Texas. It is an amazing karstic spring, and the biggest perrennial spring in the Texas Hill Country. The diameter of the mouth is 12 feet. It reaches a depth of at least 120 feet. Jacobs Well is the most visible of Cypress Creek.
12: K | Kinnes Jewelers Museum | Hstorical Importance | The Kinnes Jewelers Museum is one of the three most famous jewelery museum in Texas. The museum is in Gainesville, Texas. The Kinnes Jewelers Museum was founded by W.B. Kinne in 1889. The museum has been around for 100 years!! This museum is listed in the Texas Tourism Guide.
13: L | Lubbock Christian University | University | Lubock Christian University is a private Christian university in Lubbock, Texas. In 1954 the state of Texas approved private education. The school was established in 1957. LCU average enrollment is 2,100 students. Their mascot is Chaparrals or Lady Chaps for the women. Blue and white are the two main colors of their school.
14: M | Midland | City | Midland, Texas is about 1600 feet above sea level. Midland was named in Scotland by the Scottish settlers. Their population is now over 103,000 people. Midland is where 20% of America's oil comes from. In 1884 Midland began to grow, and is still increasing.
15: N | National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame | Historical Importance | The museum was founded in Hereford, Texas in 1975. Then in 1994 the National Museum and Hall of Fame moved to Fort Worth, Texas. This museum contains about 3,000 old and rare photographs. It also contains 153 famous cowgirls in the Hall of Fame. In the museum there is 5 art gallery's, movie theater, a children's area, and more!!
16: O | Odesssa | City | Odessa, Texas was founded in 1881 on the Texas and Pacific railroads. Odessa is very well known for its hospitality. It covers 35.04 miles of land. Odessa is located in a region where the Comanche Indians once roamed. Alive and thriving, today Odessa is starting to be recognized as a major heath industry, with several hospitals, several medical specialists, and a cancer center.
17: P | Paris Junior College | University | In the East, Paris Junior College is in Greenville, Texas. The large facility has classrooms, a computer lab, a library, administrative offices, a science lab, and a large meeting room. The size is 42,000 square feet. Paris Junior College was finished in June 2009. The mascot are the dragons, and green and gold are the school colors.
18: Q | Quintana Beach Country Park | Recreation | Quintana Beach Country Park is in the upper part of Texas in the Gulf Coast. Some attractions are bird watching, fishing, swimming, surfing and more!! When you are staying overnight you can stay in cabins and lodges. They also have historical monuments you can visit like the Freeport Harbor Defense, Fort Bates, and two unbelievable houses. Quintana Beach Country Park is a perfect place to visit.
19: R | Rice University | University | Rice University or William Marsh Rice University is in Houston, Texas on a 295 acre campus. Rice opened in 1912. The tuition and fees are $30,486, but the total enrollment is $5,161. For the undergraduate student, total enrollment is $3,017. Graduation rate in Rice is 90%, which is quite high.
20: S | Schlitterhbahn | Recreation | Schlitterhbahn has three locations in Texas, Galveston Island, Texas; New Braunfels, Texas; and South Padre Island. The water park first opened with only four water slides. Then it got a swimming pool and kept on adding fun rides and activities to do. Schlitterhbahn has been in the top of Family Water Entertainment since 1979. Now every park has a Cabana Village.
21: T | Trinity River | Water | The Trinity river flows entirely in the U.S state of Texas. The river is 710 miles long. It rises in the North, a few miles South of the Red River. In 1687 this river was called, "The River of Canoes". Then three years later the name, "Trinity" came from the full name, "La Santisma Trinidad" (The Most Holy Trinity).
22: U | University of Texas | University | University of Texas is one of the most popular colleges in Texas. U.T. was opened on Sept. 15,1883. Bevo, the school mascot, has been around since 1996. Head cheerleader Harley Clark Jr. invented the "Hook 'em Horns" sign in 1955. The Tower has been one of U.T.'s recognized landmarks. Whenever the Tower lights up that means there has been an achievement set.
23: V | Valley Race Park | Recreation | Valley Park is located in Harlingen, Texas in the Rio Grande Valley. They have greyhound racing, dog racing, and horse racing. Valley Race Park has been voted best entertainment value in the region. It has terraced seating and a restaurant, bar, party room,and a banquet that can fit over 300 people! Valley Race Park has 18 kennels that can fit 1,080 greyhounds.
24: W | Watermelon Statue | Historical Importance | In Dilley,Texas there is a big statue of a half eaten watermelon, called the Watermelon Statue. Dilley is famous for its harvest of watermelons, and they call themselves the "The Self-Proclaimed Watermelon Capitol of the World". The actual statue is no more than five feet long. It is made of cement and dates back at least 40 years. The watermelons harvest in June, and the average local production is 15 million pounds!
25: X | X.I.T Ranch | Recreation | The X.I.T Ranch was a cattle ranch in the Texas panhandle that ran for 200 miles along the border with Mexico. The ranch operated from 1885 to 1912. It took up over 3,000,000 acres of land and it varied in width from 20-30 miles. The ranch had 100 dams and 325 windmills across its land. The X.I.T Ranch covered portions of ten countries, which is why the brand X.I.T stood for, "Ten In Texas".
26: Y | Yellow Rose of Texas | Historical Importance | The "Yellow Rose of Texas" is a song about a slave named Emily Morgan,Emily Morgan helped win the battle of San Jacinto which was held near La Porte, Texas. Sam Houston led the battle of San Jacinto. This song became really popular in 1955 because Mitch Miller recorded it. The song had lots of spelling errors but nobody changed it. Back then the rose was a symbol of young womanhood.
27: Z | Abilene Zoo | Recreation | The Abilene Zoo was founded in 1919 in Abilene, Texas. In 2006 Abilene Zoo celebrated their first 40 years! Every year over 170,000 people visit the zoo and learn something new. They have summer camps and educational programs for kids. They have 500 animals and 160 species living in the zoo. They also have a Wetland Boardwalk.
28: Cited Sources | -http:(http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/rjh28), -//www.tpwd.state.tx/spdest/findadest/parks/palo_duro/ - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guadalupe_River_(Texas) -http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/spdest/findadest/parks/guadalupe_river/ - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob's_Well_(Texas) - http://www.sopadre.com/island/ - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lubbock_Christian_University -http://www.midlandtexas.gov/visitors.html -http://www.fwculture.com/cowgirlmuseum.htm -http://www.brazos.org/crpFacts.asp -http://www.odessacvb.com/odessa_history -http://www.shwgroup.com/portfolio/paris-junior-college.html -http://www.parisjc.edu/index.php/pjc/content-faq/what-are-the-school-colors/ -http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/organizations/r/rice_university/index.html -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rice_University -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinity_River_(Texas) -http://www.roadsideamerica.com/story/4036 -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XIT_Ranch -http://www.valleyracepark.com/About_Us.html -http://www.abilenezoo.org/info.html#top -http://www.abilenevisitors.com/Abilene-Zoo -http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/xey01 -http://www.utexas.edu/alumni-friends/ut-traditions/hook-em-horns | -http://tx-wichitafalls.civicplus.com/index.aspx?NID=925 -http://www.traveltex.com/cities-and-regions/cities/wichita-falls | -http://www.sara-tx.org/public_information/facts/ -http://www.visitsanantonio.com/visitors/play/the-river-walk/index.aspx -http://www.brazos.org/crpFacts.asp -http://www.history.com/Aopics/brazos-river -http://www.visitcorpuschristitx.org/Fun_Facts.cfm
29: Water Historical Importance Cities Landforms Recreation Universities | a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | h | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | z