S: A.Martin Ancient China
FC: Ancient China
1: Ancient China Written by: A. Martin
2: Rulers: Kings, leaders or other kinds of rulers Nobles: The nobles made up the highest-ranking class after the ruling family. They fought in king's army, provided weapons, foot soldiers, and chariots. Shang nobles enjoyed life of luxury.
3: Craftspeople: They formed a small social class. This class included bronze and jade workers, potters, and stonemasons. Bronze workers made the weapons and decorated containers for the king and nobles to use in religious ceremonies or simply as symbols of their wealth.
4: Traders: Like craftspeople, traders ranked below nobles, but above farmers in Shang Society.
5: Farmers: Farmers were the largest social class in Shang society. They worked small plots of land, growing millet, wheat, barley, rice, fruit, vegetables, and nuts. The land was under the control of either the king on the nobles. The farmers didn't even get to keep most of their crops. They kept only enough to feed themselves and their families.
6: Slaves: They were working for some rulers or other people who had a lot of money. For example they were working in some factory.
7: Civil servants are found in a well-defined system of ranks. The rank of a civil servant determines what positions he/she may assume in the government or the military, how much political power he/she gets, and the level of benefits in areas such as transportation and healthcare.
9: The Silk Road was not actually a road. It was not paved. It was not even a single route. The Silk Road was a name given to any route that led across China to Rome. It was a 4000-mile trip. At one end was China. At the other end was Rome. Each had something the other wanted. Rome had gold and silver and precious gems. China had silk and spices and ivory. Ideas also traveled along the Silk Road, ideas that affected everyone.
10: The Chinese worked on the Great Wall for over 1700 years. In turn, each emperor who came to power added pieces of the wall to protect their dynasties. But the wall was not a solid wall. First Emperor Qin wanted a much better barricade to protect his people from the Mongol invaders to the north. He wanted a strong wall 30 feet wide and 50 feet high.
11: Qin Shi Huangdi, First Emperor of China . He declared himself the first emperor of China and named himself Shi Huangdi (meaning First Emperor)
13: When the Chou tribe overthrew the last Shang king, they had to convince the people, especially the nobles, that they had the right to rule. The Chou told people that the gods in heaven had told them that they were to rule. This was called "The Mandate of Heaven", heaven's orders. The Chou added that the gods had warned them that they would only rule as long as they were good rulers. If they became selfish, and thought of themselves first, before the people, that heaven would appoint another ruling family.
14: Republic - a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them. Democracy- government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. Monachy-a state or nation in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch.Compare absolute monarchy, limited monarchy.
15: Dictatorship-a country, government, or the form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a dictator. Oligarchy- a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few. Theocracy-a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.
16: Works Cited "Ancient China: Brief Summary of Ancient China | China History | About China." China Travel Land - China Travel Guide, Advice & Tips. Web. 24 Mar. 2010.
17: "Chisnese Dynastic Cycle." Killeen Harker Heights Connections to the World. Web. 08 Mar. 2010.
18: "Democracy | Define Democracy at Dictionary.com." Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com. Web. 12 Mar. 2010.
19: "The Great Wall of China - Crystalinks." Crystalinks Metaphysical and Science Website. Web. 19 Feb. 2010.
20: "Oligarchy | Define Oligarchy at Dictionary.com." Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com. Web. 12 Mar. 2010.
21: "Republic | Define Republic at Dictionary.com." Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com. Web. 12 Mar. 2010.