S: by:T. Belknap
FC: Ancient India Government and Social Classes | By: T. Belknap
1: Table of Contents Government of Indus Valley 3000 - 1500 BC 1500 - 500 BC 500 BC - 700 BCE Social Classes of Ancient India
2: Indus Valley | As people began to live together in civilizations they developed into villages and even cities. Two large cities of the Indus Valley were Harrapa and Mohenjo-Daro. We know they were organized because their were arranged with straight streets, brick homes, and private baths. However, they seemed to be the same size so it is hard to tell if they had a government leader.
4: 1500 - 500 BC Over time the Aryans moved in from the north they had chiefs that lead their villages. They raised livestock, traveled on foot and in chariots. Often times they were at war with each other.
6: Gupta Empire 500 BCE - 647 CE Kings and emperors ruled their city and the villages around it. Most of the time rule was a monarchy but overtime the idea of a republic leadership arose. They encouraged people to vote on their leaders and laws. But in the end the end the rulers had final say. Criminals were not put to death but instead were fined for their crimes.
9: Brahman Priests: The Brahman priests believed in buddhism and performed rituals. They memorized hymns and passed them down to each generation.
10: Kings, Queens, Princes It was written that the rulers were to treat their people well and if they did that would bring them happiness. They were also responsible to protect the land and people from being attacked. The encourage trade and helped those in need. It was their job to make laws and be sure they were followed.
12: Government Leaders and Warriors The government leaders and warriors jobs were to protect the people, give gifts to the Brahman to be educated. Even if they worked other jobs like being a craftsmen their main priority was to protect the people.
14: There were large farms that were ran by the upper government and had hired workers. Most often they grew rice, but also grew wheat, barley, sugar cane, sesame, and cotton along with fruits and vegetables. Peasant farmers were the main majority most of the farms were small they barely provided enough to feed a single family.
15: Works Cited "Ancient India Government - Government In Ancient India - Law Government Ancient India." Indian Culture - Cultural India - Culture of India - Cultural Heritage of India - Cultural Attractions in India - Indian Cultural Heritage. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.