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Ancient South America

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S: South American Government

FC: South American Government by A. leck, T. Gunter, And K. Harms

1: Chapter 1 Mayan Government | The civilization began in 1800 B.C. when several eastern asain siberians migrated toward Mexico. | In 1542 a.d. it mysteriously declined. The calender was invented August 11 3114 b.c. They discovered zero and started building ceramonial sites in 200 a.d. They used irrigation. | The Mayans invented hot cocoa. Yikin Chan Kawill constructed the Temple of the Jaguar.

2: Pacal 2 the great owned the temple of inscriptions. Pakal was but 6 when he became king. | People became leaders when a father or male relative that was leader died. The type of government was a monarchy. They had a variety of sacrafices, like humans and golden ornaments. | They also had blood let for their gods. | They had an upper class and a lower class. The upper class consisted of rulers, priests and warriors. Farmers and slaves made up the lower class. Their rights were marriage and education. farmers had the responsibilit

3: -y of providing the food. People also had to attend to the other jobs. Among the mayans were great planners and architects. | They also succeeded in astronomy and statuary. Mayans had an advanced knowledge of art, writing and medicine. | They got their resources from the nearby jungle. | Criminals were punished according to their crime. Children were subjects of their parents until they were married, which was around 19 years of age.

4: Crimes And Punishments | Murder=death Robbery=sold into slavery These are just some examples of some of the crimes and punishments of the mayans. the rulers made these laws.

5: Bibliography "Maya - Government." Kidsnewsroom.org: Providing Children with a Safe, Kid-friendly Internet Site. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . "Maya Civilization." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . "MAYAN CIVILIZATION." Faculty and Staff, Georgia Perimeter College. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . "MAYAN CIVILIZATION." Faculty and Staff, Georgia Perimeter College. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . "Mayan Civilization Photos; Photographs, Pictures, Stock Images, Photography, Archives, Petroglyphs, Pyramids, Posters, Fine Art Prints." PHOTOVAULT- A Celebration of the Great Mystery, Stock Photography. Web. 03 Feb. 2011. . "Mayan Civilization Photos; Photographs, Pictures, Stock Images, Photography, Archives, Petroglyphs, Pyramids, Posters, Fine Art Prints." PHOTOVAULT- A Celebration of the Great Mystery, Stock Photography. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . "Where Did the Maya Live?" TravelExpertGuide. Web. 08 Feb. 2011. . | Perl, Lila. Print.

6: Inca Government and Social Classes The royal council was made up of high priest, governors, and generals. The priest were highly ranked. The High Priest of the Sun was in charge of all of the royalties belongings. The nobles were relatives of the royal council. They wore clothes made of cotton and jewelry of fine metals. (If anyone not a noble wore cotton they would be put to death.) The family included immediate family, concubines, and all his children. The commoners were merchants, craftsman, and farmers, and messengers and workers for the government. They did not have money. Food, cloth, and labor were paid for taxes to support the government.

10: Welcome to the Aztecs, in this part of the book you will learn about the government,social class,schooling, leader(s) and punishments!

11: The Government was a system lead by the civilizations leader. The city council and priest helped the leader in his decisions and rule. Under the city council was the calpulli. The calpulli was divided into different organizations and were in charge of different task. Below the calpulli each individual family member of the royal family had a specific job.

12: Schooling The priest taught religious school. Boys and girls went to different schools. When the boys turned fifteen they chose between going to a religious school or a history school. In religious schools they learned about the Gods and how to serve them. In the history schools they were taught war and basic history of the Aztecs.

14: The leaders were the ones who chose the punishments and the priest had a saying in it too. When one ruler died another ruler went into its place. This was either the first rulers cousin, brother or son.

15: Crime Punishment Adultery= death Commoner found wearing cotton clothes= death Cutting down a living tree =death Drunkenness1st offense =head shaved, house destroyed 2nd offense - death Handling stolen property sold into slavery Moving a field boundary =death Kidnapping = sold into lavery Selling substandard goods =loss of property Major theft =death Minor theft =sold into slavery Treason= death, loss of property, destruction of land, children sold into slavery

17: Aztec Bibliography "Ancient Aztec Government." Aztec History. Web. 11 Feb. 2011. . WebsiteTagsEditDelete "Laws and Politics." Http://thinkquest.org/library/. A Web Site Designed for St Created by Team # 27981 Max, Teresa and Jailan August, 1999. Web. . http://www.sbceo.k12.ca.us/~vms/carlton/Renaissance/Aztecs/aztecs1.htmhttp://www.sbceo.k1

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