S: AP Biology Scavenger Hunt - Laura Novak
FC: AP Biology Plant Scavenger Hunt Laura Novak, Period 2/3
1: Poisonous Plants of Ohio | #1 | Poison Ivy Toxicodendron radicans | Poison Sumac Toxicodendron vernix | Poison Oak Toxicodendron pubescens | Native to North America. Woody vine. Climbs towards sun. Leaflets of 3. Causes skin rash. | Native to North America. Woody shrub/Small tree. Grows in wet areas. Has several leaflets. Causes skin rash and swelling. Most toxic of the 3. | Native to United States. Small shrub. Leaflets of 3. Grows in damp areas. Causes skin irritation. | Christman, Steve. (2005, February 12). Toxicodendron radicans. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.floridata.com/ref/t/toxi_rad.cfm. Cook, Will. (2009, February 15). Poison Sumac. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/tove.html. DiTomaso J. M. (2009, July). Poison Oak Management. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7431.html.
2: Eastern Cape Blue Cycad Encephalartos horridus | Gymnosperm - Male Gametophyte | #2 | Dry Direct Sunlight Sandy Origin: South Africa | Van Der Walt, Peter. (2002). Encephalartos horridus. Retrieved October 21, 2011 from http://www.cycadsociety.org/horridus/horridus.html
3: Gymnosperm - Female Gametophyte | #3 | Partial Sun Moderate Water Origin: Eastern North America | Eastern White Pine Pinus Strobus | Yatskievych, George. (2011, April 10). Pinus Strobus: An Introduction. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://eol.org/pages/1061748/details.
4: Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum indicum | Full Sun Moderate Water Origin: China | #4 | Angiosperm - Perfect Flower | A perfect flower has both stamens and pistils. | National Chrysanthemum Society. (2003, October 7). History of the Chrysanthemum. Retrieved October 20, 2011, from http://www.mums.org/journal/articles/chrysanthemum_history.htm.
5: Miniature Rose Rosa chinensis | #5 | Angiosperm - Complete Flower | Full Sun Adequate Water Origin: China | A complete flower has all 4 flower parts: petals, sepals, stamens, and pistils. | Brown, Jacqueline. (2010). Rosa chinensis. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Rosa+chinensis
6: Weeping Willow Salix babylonica | #6 | Dioescious Plant | Partial Sun Moderate Water Origin: Northern China | Scheper, Jack. (2008, March 10). Salix babylonica. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.floridata.com/ref/s/sali_bab.cfm | A monoecious plant has separate male and female reproductive parts in different locations on the same plant, whereas a dioescious plant has male and female reproductive structures on separate plants.
7: #7 | Endosperm | Corn Zea mays | Full Sun Moderate Rain Origin: Mexico | Utzinger, James. (2001). GreenShare Fact Sheets. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://www.uri.edu/ce/factsheets/sheets/corn.html Wilson, Jonathan. (2011, July 13). Corn. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/jonathanrwilson/5936200784/
8: #8 | Plant That Shows Symbiosis with Mycorrhizal Fungi | American Elm Tree Ulmus Americana | Partial Sun Damp Moderate Rain Origin: Eastern North America | The fungus increases the surface area of the roots and helps with absorption, all the while obtaining sugars and other nutrients from the roots. | Christman, Steve. (2003, September 29). Ulmus Americana. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.floridata.com/ref/u/ulmu_ame.cfm.
9: #9 | Monocot | Hosta Hosta Undulata | Partial Sun Adequate Water Origin: Japan | Heinke, Gretchen. (2001). Growing Hostas. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/1000/1239.html
10: Burning Bush Euonymus alatus | #10 | Dicot With Compound Leaf | Full Sunlight Moderate Water Origin: Japan, China, Korea | Johnson, Bill. (2010, November 11). Winged Burning Bush. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/pubs/midatlantic/eual.htm.
11: #11 | Dicot With Simple Leaf | Sycamore Tree Platanus occidentalis | Partial Shade Moderate Water Origin: North America | Glass, Chris. (2007). American Sycamore Tree. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.cirrusimage.com/Trees_American_sycamore.htm.
12: #12 | Bryophyte | Moss Bryophyta | Shady Damp Origin: Local
13: #13 | Seedless Vascular Plant | Bird's Nest Fern Asplenium nidus | Shady Moderate Water Humid Origin: Tropics | Bryant, Mark. (1998). Bird’s Nest Fern. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://vwe.org/bnest.html
14: #14 | Edible Leaf | Allspice Pimenta dioica | Heavy Shade Moderate Water Humid Origin: Jamaica | Christman, Steve. (2004, January 24). Pimenta dioica. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.floridat a.com/ref/p/pime_dio.cfm
15: #15 | Edible Root | Carrot Daucus carota | Full Sun Lots of Water Origin: Iran, Afghanistan | Smith, M. (2009, August 27). Growing Carrots in a Vegetable Garden. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://topveg.com/tag/carrot/. World Carrot Museum. (2011, July 10) History of Carrots. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.carrotmuseum.co.uk/history.html.
16: #16 | Edible Vegetable (Not A Fruit) | Potato Solanum tuberosum | Full/Partial Sun Lots of Water Origin: Andes | Christman, Steve. (2003, August 8). Solanum tuberosum. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.floridata.com/ref/s/sola_tub.cfm. White, Liza. (2009). Growing Potatoes. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.examiner.com/gardening-tips-in-seattle/growing-potatoes.
17: #17 | Edible Fruit | Kaffir Lime Citrus hystrix | Partial Sun Moderate Water Origin: Indochina | Evoy, K. (2005). Limau Purut. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://www.pahang-delights.com/limau- purut.html.
18: #18 | Fruit Specialized For Dispersal Other Than Digestion | Partial Sun Moderate Rain Origin: America, Canada | Sugar Maple Acer saccharum | Scheper, Jack. (2006, October 7). Acer saccharum. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.floridata.com/ref/a/ace_sacc.cfm.
19: #19 | "Heterotrophic" Plant | American Pitcher Plant Sarracenia | Damp Poor Soil Partial Shade Origin: America (Eastern Seaboard) | Some might consider this plant heterotrophic because it lures insects into its funnel-shaped leaves with a nectar-like substance before trapping and digesting them to obtain certain nutrients its soil lacks. | Rice, Barry. (2009, June). The Carnivorous Plant FAQ. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.sarracenia.com/faq/faq5520.html.
20: #20 | Parasitic Plant | European Dodder Cuscuta europaea | Partial Sun Little Water Origin: Europe | Costea, M. (2011, June 19). Parasitic Plant Connection. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.parasiticplants.siu.edu/Cuscutaceae/index.html. Malakoff, David. (2006, September 28). Devious Dodder Vine Sniffs Out Its Victims. Retrieved October 23, 2011, from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6160709. | This plant is considered parasitic because it will wrap around the host plant and insert itself into the host's vascular system, stealing nutrients and water from the host and causing it harm.
21: #21 | Modified Leaf | Wooly Torch Cactus Cleistocactus strausii | Dry Sandy Full Sun Origin: Argentina, Bolivia | The leaves of this cactus are spines, which discourages animals from eating the succulent stem. | Faucon, P. (2005). Silver Torch Cactus. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from http://www.desert- tropicals.com/Plants/Cactaceae/Cleistocactus_strausii.html.
22: #22 | Non-Native Ohio Plant | Honeysuckle Lonicera japonica | Mostly Shaded Moderate Water Origin: Japan | This species was introduced to America in the early 1800s by Japanese immigrants and is considered invasive because it grows quickly and aggressively, is difficult to control, and displaces native plant life. | Miller, J.H. (2004, June 3). Invasive Plants: Japanese Honeysuckle. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.texasinvasives.org/plant_database/detail.php?symbol=LOJA
23: #23 | Cork Of A Deciduous Tree | Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata | Moderate Sun Moderate Water Origin: Eastern United States | Graney, David L. (No date). Shagbark Hickory. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/carya/ovata.htm.
24: #24 | Epiphyte | Rat's Tail Orchid Dockrillia teretifolia | Shaded Humid *Sitting in a Fig Tree Origin: Australia | Weston, P. H. (1993). Dendrobium teretifolium. Retrieved October 22, 2011 from http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/NSWfl.pl?page=nswfl&lvl=sp&name=Dendrobium~teretifolium | Epiphytes are small plants that anchor themselves to a tree but do not obtain water or nutrients directly from it. They participate in a commensalistic relationship with their host.
25: #25 | Plant With Medicinal Use | Aloe Vera Aloe Vera | Dry Direct Sun Sandy Origin: Sudan | The Natural Standard Research Collaboration. (2011, October 1). Aloe (Aloe Vera). Retrieved October 21, 2011 from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aloe-vera/NS_patient-aloe. | Gel gathered from the pulp of Aloe Vera leaves is used to treat burns, wounds, skin infections, and numerous skin conditions.
26: #26 | Plant With Non-Insect Pollinator | Hibiscus Hibiscus rosa-sinensis | Shade Moderate Water Origin: China | Christman, Steve. (2006, June 6). Hibiscus Rosa-sinensis. Retrieved October 21, 2011 from http://www.floridata.com/ref/h/hibisc_r.cfm. Pancamo, Dan. (2010, September 21). Humming Duels. Retrieved October 23, 2011 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/10017367@N03/5015889795.
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