BC: Buddhism Ancient China Project By Luis Morey
FC: Buddhism Luis E.
1: Buddhism started off in India and traveled along the the silk road all the way to China, find out how one religion can completely influence a nation`s culture.
2: Siddharta Gautama
3: The person who started Buddhism is called Siddharta Gautama, he was also known as Sakyamuni. Siddharta lived in northeastern India in the foothills of the Himalaya mountains, he lived from late sixth to early fifth century BCE. He was known as Sakyamuni because he was son of a chief of a small tribe called the Sakyas. Siddharta was given the title BUDDHA, the term Buddha in classical Indian languages of Sanskrit and Pali means someone with intelligence and understanding or “one who has awakened” or “one who knows”. Even during his own lifetime Siddharta was worshipped by followers as a god. Siddharta became so troubles by all the suffering in the world that he escaped from home and tried to experience real pain by fasting, sleeping on hard floor and routinely holding his breath which caused unconsciousness. After six years of doing this he realized that weakening the body was no way to find the resolution for suffering. After many years of practicing asceticism and meditating he spent the rest of his life teaching and gathering a community of followers, the first Buddhists in the world. Through deeper and deeper states of meditation he gradually gained knowledge that brought him to a place of spiritual enlightment. He died at age 80, probably around 486 BCE.
5: Buddhism is a religion that was introduced into China around the 1st century CE through the silk road and is originally from northeastern India. The starting point of Buddhism is called the “four noble truths’’ and they are, life entails to suffering- or dukkha, suffering is due to attachment, suffering can be stopped if attachment is stopped and the last noble truth is stopping attachment can be done by leading a disciplined and moral life engaging in meditation. The Buddhists developed meditation to help people overcome suffering, Buddhists also believe in karma and reincarnation. Karma is the belief that for everthing you do to someone else the same good or bad happens to you, for example you help someone and something good happens to you. Reincarnation is the belief that after you die you are reborn in a different body. Another very important belief in Buddhism is the “Eightfold Path” and they are, right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration. Right understanding and right thought mean learning Buddha’s teachings. Right action means always telling the truth and NEVER gossiping, backbiting, swearing or using speech in a harmful way. Right action means behaving decently by not killing, displaying cruelty or stealing. Right livelihood means earning a living through ways that do not hurt the environment or that compromises one`s integrity. The last three “factors” relate to concentration, right effort means regulating one`s energy, right mindfulness means becoming aware of the your body and mind and right concentration means achieving deep meditation.
7: To become a Buddhist monk you have to believe in the four noble truths and the eight fold path. Monks have to believe in Buddhist principles/ethics, don't think of anything with absolute or truth even Buddhism is just a guide on how to live life. Buddhist monks require to be open-minded and tolerant, they should not force other people to think as yourself. You should not avoid suffering because according to the “four noble truths” life entails to suffering, don't save up money and be grateful for what you have because most Buddhist monks have one robe and one pair of sandals. To be accepted as a Buddhist monk you cannot be a troublemaker because one of the factors in the eight fold path is right action. Buddhist monks have to peacekeepers, try to resolve other peoples conflicts and try to keep peace between everyone. For example to be a peacekeeper means to break up fights or discussions even if they do not concern you.
9: Buddhist monks have a lot of expectations, they are mostly related with the well being of everyone and everything. Monks should not kill, hurt animals or squash an insect or spider intentionally. Another thing monks should not do is use fishing hooks or arrows against others (including fish) for fun. They shall not climb trees to steal eggs or destroy a bird`s nest. They should not hunt, chop down trees for no reason and not burn forests or grass for planting or harvesting. Monks are expected to be sure of everyone`s well being before their own. Buddhist monks believe strongly in meditation so they are required to meditate every day, 24/7. Buddhist monks should read about Buddhism and learn about the joys if it. Buddhist monk should always try to intensify their level of meditation and try to do what Buddha himself did, find the path enlightnment.
11: Buddhism entered China during the Han dynasty and it was believed to be a radical form of Hinduism. Buddhism entered China from India through the silk road and then spread across Asia and all over the world. Buddhism managed to stay in China until today and also managed to influence the Chinese culture a lot. It was probably introduced to china from around the 1st to 2nd century BCE. There is a myth that Buddhism was sent to the silk road because the Ming-Te emperor had a dream with Buddha`s figure, Ming-Te thought it was a sign from heaven to adore a new god, so he sent a lot of people to India and to bring back Buddhist monks.
12: You learned from how Buddhism entered china to the four noble truths and the eight path way, all the Buddhist beliefs, a lot about Buddha himself and the biggest religion in China.
14: Quiz 1)Who Started Buddhism? 2)What Does The Title "Buddha" Mean? 3)Name One Buddhist Monk Obligation. 4)Where Was Siddharta Gautama Raised? 5)How Did Buddhism Enter China?
15: Bibliography Netzley, Patricia. Religions of The World Buddhism. San Diego, California: Lucent Books, Inc, 2002. Print. Perkins, Dorothy. “Buddhism.” Encyclopedia of China. 2000. Print. Schober, Juliane. “Buddhism.” World Book Student. N.p., 2 Jan. 2002. Web. 7 Apr. 2010.
16: Picture Bibliography http://burningbosom.wordpress.com/2008/03/12/how-mormons-are-buddhists-vice-versa http://www.orientaloutpost.com/proddetail.php?prod=1happy-1&cat=15&nl=y http://www.lssu.edu/faculty/jswedene/World_Civilizations_I_3_A.html http://www.ncvihara.org/events/Story_of_buddha.html http://canadahun.com/forum/blog.php?b=7990
17: http://www.magiccarpetjournals.com/road_to_mandalay.htm http://luckygifts.in/index.php?cPath=155_156