S: Biography Of Carl Rogersgers
BC: Carl Rogers Case Study: Medea Upon the encounters I've had with Medea, I can deduce that she is a woman of great misery. Her husband, Jason, has left her for another woman. Medea demonstrates a very hubristic nature accompanied by an intolerance to mockery and judgement by others. She believes that Jason is the source of mockery in her life, and decides to take action against him. She believes it is just to take revenge on Jason. He has treated her previous sacrifices for him with contempt, which has hurt her mental state: it solidified her choice to kill her children to get back at Jason. She claims it is her passion that leads her to do her terrible deeds. That her excessive passion for the situation is the driving force behind her actions. | In my opinion, I believe we are individuals who freely chose to behave in whatever way we desire and act according to those choices, changing along the way if we chose to. We chose our own destinies. Medea made her choices to kill her children. It was completely her choice. By her own free will, she dictated her own behaviour.
FC: Carl Rogers 1902 - 1987 | “The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction not a destination.”
1: To my daughter Natalie, Whose help in America, Europe and Japan between 1975 and 1980 with my "Person Centered Workshops" was greatly appreciated and heartfelt thanks are in order. I love you more than words can describe, Carl Rogers
2: Foreward | Carl Ransom Rogers was born on January 8, 1902, in Oak Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb and was the fourth child born in a family of six children. His father, Walter A. Rogers, was a civil engineer and his mother, Julia M. Cushing was a housewife and devout Pentecostal Christian. Rogers was one of the great pioneers into the construction of Humanistic Psychology. His “client centred” approach to therapy was a unique alternative to psychoanalysis and behaviourism. His Humanistic approach rejected both perspectives of psychology, as Rogers believed neither gave a complete understanding of what it means to be human. With his emphasis on human potential, Carl Rogers had an tremendous influence on both psychology and education. Many psychologist of today use his methods of therapy and cite him as an influence over their careers. Over his lifetime, Carl Rogers received: Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology, Award for Distinguished Contributions to Applied Psychology as a Professional Practice and was the 1964 Humanist of the Year. JULIA MAMMARELLA, COLLEGUE.
3: Contents | Life Story:......................................Page 4 Area of Psychology...........................Page 5 Epilogue: ......................................Page 6 Bibliography...................................Page 7
4: Life Story | Carl Ransom Rogers was born on January 8, 1902, in Oak Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. Rogers is best known for his pioneering work into the Humanistic Perspective of Psychology. Carl Rogers was the fourth child born in a family of six children. His father, Walter A. Rogers, was a civil engineer and his mother, Julia M. Cushing was a housewife and devout Pentecostal Christian. | Carl Rogers received his education in a strict religious rectory. After completing primary and secondary education in 1919, Carl Rogers wanted to pursue a career in agriculture by studying at the University of Wisconsin, north of his Illinois home. He later changed his study course to religion. On his 1922 Christian conference trip to Peking in China, he attended a seminar “Why am I entering the Ministry?” and decided to change his career choice again. By then Rogers was already enrolled at the Union Theological Seminary before transferring to Teachers College of Columbia University to study philosophy. After receiving his doctorate, Rogers spent many years teaching, holding positions at Ohio State University, the University of Chicago, University of Rochester and the University of Wisconsin. It was during his time teaching that he developed his Humanistic Perspective of Psychology. He was strongly influenced by the works of Otto Rank, which led him to construct his “client-centered” approach of therapy. The “client-centered approach”, was Carl Rogers own unique approach to understanding personality and human relationships.
5: Area of Psychology HUMANISM | Humanistic Psychology is a psychology perspective to decipher the human mind through investigations of human meaning, values, freedom, tragedy, responsibility, potential and spirituality. Humanistic Psychology became prominent in 1960, by pioneer Carl Rogers. Carl Rogers rejected psychoanalysis, as he believed this approach to psychology was negative in its view of human behaviour. Its theories were mainly based on unhappy patients, who had and displayed mental health problems. He also rejected behaviourism; he believed that behaviourists focused too much on experimental evidence and observable data. He believed both had too small a focus, as it did not allow a complete understanding of what is means to be human. Rogers based his psychological "humanistic" perspective on years of therapy experience with his clients. Therapy was where the psychologist would sit with a client, listen intently to the problems playing on their mind, then give guidance to the clients. It was then the clients choice to take the advice and take actions to stop the problems. He dubbed this approach "client-centered". Which brings us to Rogers' famous requirements of the therapist. Rogers felt that a therapist, in order to be effective, must have three very special qualities: Congruence: genuineness, honesty with the client. Empathy: the ability to feel what the client feels. And Respect: acceptance, unconditional positive regard towards the client. Carl Rogers emphasized “free will” in his perspective: we are individuals who freely chose to behave in whatever way we desire and act according to those choices, changing along the way if we chose to. We chose our own destinies. Rogers used the recordings between himself and his clients to devise a system used in therapy. He measured the amount of direct or evasive questions he used on the clients and measured the clients response to the kind of counseling employed. It was not a scientific method, just a measure of effectiveness.
6: Epilogue | Carl | In 1987, Carl Rogers passed away from pancreas failure. However, his contributions to psychology live on. | Rogers is considered by many to be the most influential psychologist of the 20th century. During his years as a psychologist Carl Rogers published his books: Client-centered Therapy (1951), On Becoming A Person (1961)and A Way of Being (1980). For his work Carl Rogers was granted with the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology in 1956 and the Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Psychology by the American Psychologist Association in 1972. He was also the 1964 Humanist of the Year by the American Humanist Association. Towards the end of his career, Rogers regretted that he did not conduct a wider range of scientific research studies, as doing so may have led to humanism having more of a widespread and long lasting impact on psychology. Although, it has left a lasting effect on psychology today, as many psychologist adopt his ideas of Congruence, Empathy and Respect with their clients.
7: http://people.famouswhy.com/carl_rogers/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Rogers http://internetbiblecollege.net/Lessons/Carl%20Rogers.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZBkUqcqRChg http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9mYo0KyEga s http://thinkexist.com/quotes/carl_rogers http://faculty.frostburg.edu/mbradley/psyography/carlrogers.html http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/bio_rogers.htm http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/rogers.html Psychology 5th Edition For the VCE Student Units 1 and 2 by John Grivas and Linda Carter | Bibliography