FC: Crazy About Cells
1: Plant Cell Vs. Animal Cell | Plant Cell | Animal Cell
2: Plant cells have a large central vacuole, chloroplasts, and a cell wall. These organelles are specific to plant cells. Animal cells do not have them. Chlorophyll is located in the chloroplasts. The cell wall provides the main structure for the plant cells. Without the square structure of the cell the plant wouldn't keep its steady structure.
3: Chloroplast-Makes food for the plant Chrlorophyll-Gives color to the plant Cytoplasm- Supports Cells Organelles Rough ER-Transports material; Has ribosomes Smooth ER- Transports Material Nucleus-Controls activity within the cells Nucleolous- Production of RNA Cell Wall-Gives Structure Golgi Apparatus- Protein Packaging for secretion;transportation of lipids;creation of lysosomes Ribosome-helps with protein synthesis Mitochondria-breakdown of sugars Vacuole- stores food, water, and waste | Plant Cell
4: Animal cells contain the same vital organelles as plant cells. Animal cells do contain vacuoles but they are smaller and not as important as a plant cell's central vacuole. Animal cells don't contain chlorophyll or chloroplasts because they don't have to make their own food. The shape of an animal cell differs from cell to cell. For example, a muscle cell will not have the same shape as a nerve cell. But they all contain the same organelles.
5: Animal Cell | Cytoplasm- Supports Cells Organelles Rough ER-Transports material; Has ribosomes Smooth ER- Transports Material Nucleus-Controls activity within the cells Nucleolous- Production of RNA Cell Membranes- gives structure and shape Golgi Apparatus- Protein Packaging for secretion;transportation of lipids;creation of lysosomes Ribosome-helps with protein synthesis Mitochondria-breakdown of sugars Lysosome-break down of larger molecules
6: Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic
7: Euakryotic | Prokaryotic
8: Eukaryotic Cells | *Eukaryotic means a cell with visible nuclei and organelles *So eukaryotic cells HAVE a nucleus *They have multiple linear DNA *Has more than one chromosome
9: Prokaryotic Cells | *Prokaryotic means a simple cell without a nucleus *Prokaryotic cells DO NOT have a nucleus *They have singular circular DNA *Has one chromosome but it is not a true chromosome-- Plasmid
10: Cell Membrane | Function: The cell membrane forms a barrier between the inside of the cell and the outside world.
11: Homeostasis | How the body keeps itself balanced! | EX: Your body stays at around 98.6 degrees. Homeostasis is the reason this stays the same until you get sick.
12: Cell Theory
13: The Cell Theory States that: -All living organisms are composed of cells -Cells are the basic unit of life -Cells arise from pre-existing cells
14: Contribution of 4 Scientists
16: Rudolf Virchow | Birth date: October 13, 1821 Death date: September 5, 1902 Birthplace: Swidwin, Poland Job: Doctor, Government | Known For: He added the belief that "All living cells arise from pre-existing cells." to The Cell Theory
17: Matthias Schleiden | Birth date: April 5 1814 Death date: June 23, 1881 Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany Job: Botanist, Co-Founder of Cell Theory | Known for: He is one of the founders of The Cell Theory
18: Theodor Schwann | Birth date: December 7, 1810 Death date: January 11, 1882 Birthplace: Prussia, Germany Job: Scientist | Known For: One of the founders of The Cell Theory
19: Robert Hooke | Birth date: July 18, 1635 Death date: March 3, 1703 Birthplace: Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England Job: Scientist | Known for: Hooke discovered box like structures while examining cork tissue. He noticed that there were similar structures in wood and other plant cells.