S: Seasons of Change
FC: of change | Cells, By: Anthony, Brian, and Sohini.
1: -Mitochondria: site of cellular respiration in eukaryotic cells has two membranes.
2: fling | -Golgi apparatus: Serves as the packaging and distribution center of the cell, there are enzymes present that modify the proteins that are received from the ER.
3: -Chloroplasts: Use light energy to make carbs from CO2 and H2O.
4: Lysosome- Contain cell's digestive enzymes. Works with the ER & golgi apparatus in the production, packaging & distribution of proteins.
5: Cytoplasm-jelly like substance that fills the cell and keeps organelles in place.
6: Vacuole- Stores water and contains many substances.
7: -Rough ER (Endoplasmic Reticulum): Extensive system of internal membranes that move proteins and other substances through the cell; has Ribosomes.
8: -Nucleus: Inner part of the cell that holds the DNA, found in eukaryotic cells, helps with growth, metabolism and reproduction.
9: -Cell wall: surrounds cell membrane and provides support and structure. (Plant cells only)
10: -Nucleolus: Center of the nucleus, ribosomes are partially in this region.
11: Cell Theory: | Was founded by Robert Hooke; 1) All living things are made of one or more cells. 2) New cells are created by old cells dividing into two 3) Cells are the basic building blocks of life.
12: Lasting Memories... | Contribution of Four Scientists: 1) Matthias Jakob Schleiden- was a German botanist and co-founder of the cell theory, along with Theodor Schwann and Rudolf Virchow. 2) Theodor Schwann-developed cell theory, discovered Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system, discovered and studied pepsin, discovered the organic nature of yeast, and invented of the term metabolism.
13: 3) Robert Hooke - developed cell theory 4) Rudolf Virchow - referred to as "the father of modern pathology," he is considered one of the founders of social medicine.
14: "An open home, an open heart, here grows a bountiful harvest." - Judy Hand | Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells | Prokaryote: - simplest and smallest - no nucleus - 1~2 mm in diameter - no internal components - contain flagella | Eukaryote: - contains a nucleus - has many organelles in it -very complex (compared to prokaryote) - contains multiple chromosomes
16: Plant vs. Animals Cells | Animal Cells: -golgi apparatus - lysosome -cell membrane -ribosome -mitochondria -rough er nucleus -cytoplasm -smooth er -vacuole | Plant Cells: -golgi apparatus - lysosome -cell membrane -ribosome -mitochondria -rough er nucleus -cytoplasm -smooth er - large central vacuole -cell wall -chloroplasts
18: Cell Membrane: The cell membrane is the outermost layer of an animal cell; in a plant cell it comes right after the cell wall. It is composed of lipids and is semi-permeable, allowing certain things to go in and out of the cell. It acts as a boundary for the cell and help gives it shape.
19: Homeostasis: the property of living organisms to regulate its internal environment to maintain a stable condition suitable to the environment
20: Conclusion Thanks to all of the scientists for giving us this knowledge in cells. They discovered the importances of cells and their roles; and they will not be forgotten.
22: Warm & Cozy
23: wonderland | Dashing Through the Snow
25: Home is where there's someone to love, and someone to love us.