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Chinese Architecture

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FC: Chinese Architecture Gabriela M

1: I dedicate it to all 6th grade! :)

3: The Chinese Gardens where a big part of Ancient Chinese culture. The gardens had big pavilions mostly red with roofs that seem to be flouting with curved edges. There are also little ponds with Chinese fish swimming in them that has duck weeds, there are bridges that go from 1 side of the pond to the other side. In the landscapes there are many different colors like dark browns, greenish blacks but the colors are not bright. The corridors are made of natural stone that makes the garden even more organic. Some of the gardens are big and some are small depending on the status of the person who owns them. Behind these beautiful gardens there are some times delicate palaces that match the stile of the gardens. These gardens were symmetrical because of the Taoism that states that like the Yin and Yang everything is balanced. There where many different types of flowers the most used is the Lilly pad because they go in the pond. In most of the gardens there where entrances which looked like a wall with a round big hole and in the side like two windows with plants on the sides and usually they had a Ancient Chinese painting in the top or letters, the walls where usually white so the color in the plants would pop. The pavilions can also be carved in a rock, flouting over the water, with a big rock terrace on top with stairs going down to the pavilion. | Chinese Gardens

5: In Ancient China there were a lot of different materials most of them were found in the forest but not all of them. There where a lot of tiles used in the architecture like the famous tile roofs. In the houses, palaces or temples there are large wooden columns that lift the roofs up so they look like their flouting. Marble is mostly used in floors. Timber is one of the most used woods in Ancient China next to bamboo that is used for more decorative things. Stone is used for more structural things like foundations on houses, palaces or temples. Gold was used in decorative things like vases, but gold was only on houses of the emperors or really rich people, there is also gold in some of the temples, Jade is another material that is barley used for construction there are palaces with jade rooms, Bronze is another example because it can be used for floors or walls but it can also can be used for decorative items. Mud is used for houses or other structural things like the poor people houses where made out of brick that s made by mud, Brick is another of the structural material like even today we used the bricks that they used to use just ours are stronger. Terracotta was also used in Ancient Chinese construction, like in the roofs, the same material that was also used for the terracotta armies. | Chinese Materials

7: In Ancient China there is a different stile of architecture like in Ancient Mesopotamia was really tall and it had details but not a lot of them, but in Ancient China the buildings where ling instead of tall they where long. The roofs where held by columns. In the buildings almost all the time both sides of the building should be the symmetrical because of the Taoism. The roofs had curved edges with tile on top. The pillars where about two stories high some where thick with drawing or thin with just colors. Most of the doors are curved almost like arches which where used mostly outside next to the pillars. In Ancient China there were many weird things in the details like they used pig blood on the walls so they wood stay a deep red color and so it would not wear away when it rained. In the top of important buildings they put little fake dragons or an animal on the top of the roof to protect the kings or emperors house or temples from bad spirits. There are some buildings that are round, but there are only a few of them, they also have pop out circles in the round shape buildings with patterns on flowers. The doors had little dragons to protect the building. There where some buildings that seemed like houses stacked one on top of each other but still with the curved roofs and the pointy top. | Chines Architecture

9: 1. What where Chinese gardens all about? 2. Name one thing that made Chinese Architecture different from other places? 3. What do all Chinese gardens have? 4. Name four materials used in ancient china? 5. Name one animal that was used in the gardens?

10: Works Cited Carr, Karen. “Ancient Chinese Architecture.” Kidipede. N.p., 30 Apr. 2009. Web. 11 Mar. 2010. . “Chinese Architecture.” Encyclopdia Britannica Online School Edition. N.p., 2010. Web. 11 Mar. 2010. . “Chinese Garden Architecture.” Travel China Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2010. . Edmonds, Richaed Louis. “China.” World Book. 2006 ed. 2005. Print. Glancey, Jonathan. The Story of Architecture. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2000. | Bibliography

11: Picture Bibliography Yin-Yang: http://z.about.com/d/taoism/1/0/0/-/-/-/yinYang.gif Bamboo: http://jardinplantas.com/wp-content/2009/09/bambu.jpg Gold: http://mindmillion.com/MONEY/images/01-gold-bar.jpg Temple: http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/china/architecture/index.htm garden: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/architecture/styles/garden.htm

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