S: Civil Rights Yearbook-2011
FC: My Civil Rights Yearbook
1: By: Patience Bryant | due 3-23-11
2: William Hartsfield | 1946 *White Primary is abolished in Georgia African Americans were now allowed to vote in elections. | *William B. Hartsfield was elected mayor of Atlanta Hartsfield was not only mayor he was a major part of the "racial moderation" we have today. He hired African-American police officers, and started a biracial coalition with Reverend Borders and Dr. King Sr.
3: 1948 | *The Armed Forces were integrated Harry S. Truman was president at the time and he sent an Executive Order,which meant he didn't have to take the order to Congress, to make it legal for blacks to be in the Armed Forces.
4: 1954 | *The case Brown vs. Board of Education This Supreme Court case overruled Plessy vs. Ferguson and made segregated schools illegal.
5: 1955 | *Emmett Till was murdered Emmett Till was 14 when he was murdered for "flirting" with a white woman. Her husband found out and went to Till's great Uncle's house and murdered him. He shot Till in the head, gouged his eye, and tied barbed wire around his neck and threw him in a river. | *Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks decided one day she didn't want to sit in the back of the bus were blacks were supposed to she sat in the very front of the bus. She ended up going to jail for not moving to the back like she was told to do.
6: 1956 | *The Georgia state flag changed The Georgia flag changed to the Confederate Battle Flag. Many people found this offensive because we were in the middle of the Civil Right's movement and this flag suggested white supremacy | Confederate Battle flag
7: 1957 | *Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) founded SCLC was formed after the Montgomery Bus Boycott as a non-violent way to desegregate buses. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the first leaders of this organization.
8: 1960 | *Sibley Commission The Sibley Commission was responsible for studying integration. They interviewed many people on the issue of integrated school and they found out that most people wanted to close schools rather than integrate them. | *The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is founded The SNCC was formed to do non-violent protest in segregated areas such as libraries and parks.
9: 1961 | *Integration of UGA | *Albany Movement | Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes were the first black students to attend UGA | Many blacks protested in Albany, Georgia. At the end of the protest 500 or more people were in jail or out on bond. | *Freedom Rides | Freedom Rides were when people would ride on buses and ride through parts of the US that were segregated.
10: 1962 | *Ivan Allen Jr. becomes mayor of Atlanta. | Allen helped spread racial equality throughout Atlanta. On his first day of office he declared that every "black only" and "white only" sign to be removed from the city of Atlanta.
11: 1963 | *16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham bombed | Members of the KKK placed a stick of dynamite underneath the steps at the church. As the four girls above and others walked over it, it exploded and these four girls were killed. | *March on Washington | Many blacks participated on this march for jobs and freedom. Martin King Jr. led this march and ended it by saying his famous "I Have a Dream" speech
12: Also in 1963 | *Birmingham, Alabama Protests | The Non-violent, yet somehow they almost always turned violent, protest made there way to Birmingham, Alabama. Sometimes these got so rowdy police officers had to fight people off with high-pressure fire hoses and attack dogs. | Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas after he gave congress a rights bill. John , however, did not get to see this bill become a law. As they flew John F. Kennedy's body back to the capital his VP, Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as president. | *John F. Kennedy was assassinated
13: 1964 | *Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed | After Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as president he promised to push the Civil Rights act until it became law. With the help of blacks and whites this bill soon became a law.
14: 1965 | *Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed | *Selma to Montgomery March | Martin Luther KIng led this march from Selma to Dallas County, Alabama. The president had FBI agents, armed troops, and the National Guard go with King on this march to protect them from any harm that might try to come their way. This march influenced Congress' decision to pass the Voting Rights Act | This bill was passed after The Selma to Montgomery March. This law allowed blacks to vote in elections.
15: 1968 | *Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated. | On April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. got shot by a high powered rifle outside of his motel in Memphis. They found the killer, his name was James Earl Ray. He was found guilty and sentenced to ninety-nine years in prison. American's didn't give up. Yes they were devastated by this disaster but it made them want to push toward freedom even harder.
16: 1969 | *Georgia State Board of Education sued by federal government | The government sued the BOE on the issue of desegregating the school system. They told them if they didn't allow blacks to come to the school with whites they would stop the funds they were giving them.
17: 1973 | *Maynard Jackson was elected Mayor of Atlanta | He was the first African American to become mayor. Jackson served eight years as mayor and then returned in 1990 to run yet another term.
18: 1981 | *Andrew Young becomes mayor of Atlanta | Young was one of the first African-American mayors. He was mayor when Atlanta was named the spot for the 1996 Olympics.