FC: Johnnie Tabron 12/17/11 HUSH 3rd Period | The Civil War | 1861-1865
1: INDEX Section 1: 2-5 Section 2: 6-9 Section 3: 10-13 Section 4: 14-17 Section 5: 18-21 Citations: 22 & 23
3: Where did it all start? | SECTION 1
4: NORTH VS SOUTH! | The North and South could never seem to agree on a lot of things, but slavery definitely was the main problem. Since the South's economy was strongly based off of Cotton production, they needed someone to work the fields to keep things running smoothly. The North on the other hand, was very industrial based and was successful at building a well rounded economy. With the many outbreaks of slavery issues, the North became seen as a promise land for runaway slaves.
5: THE SOUTH DECIDES TO SEPERATES FROM THE NORTH! | When the Fugitive Slave Act was passed as apart of the Compromise of 1850, runaway slaves could be caught and returned to the South, even if they had made it into the North. The South was frustrated in the high numbers of runaway slaves, so they took advantage of the passing of the new Act immediately. With slavery becoming more of an issue, at the beginning of 1861, the South began to secede. Starting with Jefferson Davis being sworn in as president, the Confederate States of America was born. | This system of help the North gave to the Southern slaves who used the underground railroad was known as the Abolition Movement. This movement was greatly influenced by the book Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe that first appeared in 1851, which gave the nation a view of how slavery really was.
7: Outbreaks of the War | SECTION 2
8: The Civil War officially began when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina on April 12, 1861. When news about the attack of Ft. Sumter reached President Lincoln, he tried to get the remaining southern states of the Union to send troops to control the chaos, but they refused. Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Arkansas all refused and seceded. The Confederacy had grown to 11 states.
9: With tension rising, the North and the South began to develop their strategies to come out with a victory in the war. On July 21, 1861, P. G. T. Beauregard and Irvin McDowell met at Manassas to battle. This battle was known as the First Battle of Bull Run.
11: Major Battles and the Outcomes | SECTION 3
12: THE BATTLES OF THE WAR
13: During the Civil War, there were a lot of key battles. The Union and Confederate States clashed back and forth constantly to try to overpower each other and win the war. Some of these key battles included Shiloh Church, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Sherman's March, and the Siege of Petersburg. | Key Battles: Shiloh Church - April 6-7, 1862 - The Union Victory where both sides attitudes were changed from high numbers of casualties. Antietam - Sept 17, 1862 - A stand-off that stops General Lee from advancing to the North and encourages Abraham Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. Chancellorsville - May 2-6, 1863 - The Confederate victory where Stonewall Jackson was killed. Gettysburg - July 1-3, 1863 - A Union Victory where the North stops Confederacy from advancing and this results in a major blow to the Confederacy. Vicksburg - Nov. 1862-July 1863 - A Union Victory which helped close an important Confederate port on the Mississippi. Sherman's March - Nov. 1864-March 1865 - A battle where a path of destruction was made through Georgia and South Carolina by General William Sherman's army. Siege of Petersburg - June 1864-April 1865 - Union Victory that led to the fall of Richmond, and General Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House.
15: Leaders of the War | SECTION 4
16: Ulysses S. Grant | William T. Sherman | Grant was very significant to the victories of the Union, because he brought better Military technology to the army. | George B McClellan | McClellan performance at the bloody Battle of Antietam prevented Lee's invasion of Maryland. | The Union General in charge of the March through GA and SC.
17: Abraham Lincoln | Robert Edward Lee | Robert E. Lee was the Confederate General who surrendered to the Union at Appomattox Court House, which ended the Civil War. | Lincoln was the president of the Union that was also re-elected in the election of 1864 and presenter of the Gettysburg Address in 1863, which opened the eyes of both the Union and Confederacy.
19: Other Info | SECTION 5
20: From July 13 to July 16, 1863, Draft Week for the Civil War was in full effect. These came from new drafting laws from Congress, that drafted men into the ongoing Civil War. This led to violent outbreaks in New York and these were known as New York Draft Riots.
21: The Writ of Habeas Corpus means that a person has a right to appear before a judge or magistrate and hear the charges against him. This was created to prevent the executive from just throwing people in jail whenever it feels like it. | Between Abraham Lincoln's April 1861 call for troops and the beginning of the Civil War, Lincoln performed a whole series of important acts. Without congressional approval, Lincoln increased the size of the Army and Navy, expended funds for the purchase of weapons, instituted a blockade (which was an act of war) and suspended the writ of habeas corpus.
23: Citations: "Political_Parties_UCSD_2_March_2006." Voteview.com. Web. 19 Dec. 2011.