S: Digital Communication Systems
FC: Digital Communication Systems | COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS
1: Some things I've learned so far in DCS are, The Three Components of a Computer, Four types of Hardware, Four types of Software and Viruses.
2: HARDWARE IS THE PARTS OF THE COMPUTER YOU CAN TOUCH PYSICALLY. SOFTWARE ARE THE PROGRAMS THAT YOU CAN'T TOUCH BUT YOU USE A COMPUTER.
3: S | THE FOUR TYPES OF HARDWARE ARE; THE INPUT SYSTEM, THE PROCESSER, THE OUTPUT SYSTEM, AND STORAGE.
4: THE FOUR TYPES OF SOFTWARE ARE Freeware, SHAREWARE, COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE, AND PUBLIC DOMAIN SOFTWARE.
5: SYSTEMS SOFTWARE IS AN OPERATING SYSTEM THAT MANAGES YOUR COMPUTER AND IS USED AS A LIAISON OR A GO BETWEEN.
6: VIRUSES ARE PROGRAMS THAT CAN HARM YOUR COMPUTER. TYPES OF VIRUSES ARE BOMBS, WORMS, TROJAN HORSES, PHAGES, AND HOAXES.
7: BOMBS GO OFF AT A DESIGNATED TIMES. WORMS EAT AWAY AT YOUR FILES. TROJAN HORSES ARE DESIGNED TO LOOK LIKE SOMETHING GOOD EVEN THOUGH THEY DESTROY YOUR COMPUTER.
8: PHAGES CAN DESTROY OPERATING SYSTEMS. HOAXES ARE MADE TO LOOK LIKE A VIRUS EVEN THOUGH THEY AREN'T, BUT THEY CAN CREATE A VIRUS.
9: Alternative Input devices
10: USB flash drives USB stands for Universal Serial Bus. It stores memory, depending on the hard drive depends on how much you can store on one USB flash drive.
11: Mouses/Sensors Whenever we use a computer we use a mouse. Mouse's have a sensor in them so when we move the mouse the cursor senses the motion and follows.
12: Web Cell Phones Web cell phones have been enabled to use the Internet. Most web cell phones use a 3G network. These days Web Cell Phones are touch screen.
13: Digital Camcorder Camera that allows users to connect their camera to a computer.
14: Tablet PC A notebook computer that allows users to write on it using a special tool such as a stylus.
15: Biometric Devices Biometric devices use physical attributes as passwords instead of an actual worded password.
16: Voice Recognition System Uses a microphone to turn the words you say into text on a program like Microsoft Word.
17: PDA's Personal Digital Assistants that fit in your pocket and allow you to access the Internet from anywhere.
18: Speech Recognition Systems
19: Speech recognition uses a microphone and a sample set of words or a sample story to create a person's profile on a computer.
20: After your profile has been created you can train your microphone so that when you speak into it, the words will form more accurately.
21: the minimum amount of memory you need for a Speech Recognition System is 128 MB of RAM.
22: The two types of Speech Recognition Systems are Discrete and Continuous.
23: Discrete makes a user stop after every word. Continuous allows users say entire paragraphs into a microphone before stopping.
24: Types of microphones are Boom, Hand held, Single Ear, Dual Ear(no controls), Dual Ear(controls), And USB plug-in.
25: Types of Speech Software are Dragon NaturallySpeaking, IBM ViaVoice, and L&H Voice Express.
27: Being accountable is taking the responsibility for your's and other people's actions.
28: To be accountable you have to know right from wrong, good from bad etc. An accountable person will take leadership when no one else will.
29: The Steps to Accountability are to; SEE IT, OWN IT, SOLVE IT, AND DO IT.
30: The opposite of being ACCOUNTABLE is to be a VICTIM
31: Signs that you are a victim include; Pointing Fingers, Failing to Confront Issues, Viewing the World as a Pessimist, and Repeatedly Becoming Defensive.
32: Some phrases used by a victim are; It's Not my Job, It Wasn't My Fault, That' Unfair, That's too hard,
33: I Don't See Any Problem, No One Else Ever Does That.
34: The Victim's Cycle goes Ignore/Deny, It's Not My Job, Finger Pointing, Confusion Tell Me What To Do, Cover Your Tail
35: The Last Thing in a Victim's Cycle is to Wait and See. BE ACCOUNTABLE NOT A VICTIM!
36: Nothing Good Comes From Being A Victim! If you are a victim,
37: Grow Up and Take Responsibility for Your Actions In Life!
39: There are two types of letters BUSINESS and PERSONAL
40: There are two types of Business letters. Business and Personal Business
41: Business letters represent a company as a whole Personal Business letters represents a person.
42: Personal letters go to your friends or your family
43: The two types of styles for a business letter are Block Style and Modified Block Style.
44: In Block Style everything is placed on the left margin including the signature
45: In Modified Block Style beginnings of paragraphs and the signature can be of the left margin or indented
46: Things included in BLOCK STYLE; Return Address Date Letter Address Salutation Body Complimentary Close Name of The Writer
47: Things included in MODIFIED BLOCK STYLE; LetterHead Date Letter Address Salutation Body Complimentary Close Name of Writer.
48: Special Parts of a Letter; Mailing Notation Attention Line Subject Line Copy Notation PostScript
49: Second Page Headings; SINGLE LINE HEADING MULTIPLE-LINE HEADING
50: SERIF SAN SERIF
51: PUNCTUATION Open- No punctuation is used at the Salutation or the Complimentary Close Mixed- Colon goes with the Salutation. Comma goes with complimentary close.
52: SPACING Single-Zero lines are spaced. Double- One line is spaced. Quadruple- Three lines are spaced.
53: Margins 1'' margin 2'' Top Margin 1'' Bottom Margin
54: Orphans beginning of a paragraph that has been left at the bottom of a page. (no less that two lines at the bottom of a page.)
55: Widows Rest of a paragraph on a new page.
57: Unbound Reports are short reports that are usually held together by a paper clip or staple. | They have a 2" top margin.
58: Make sure to avoid Widows and Orphans. Center the title of the report, double space the body, side headings are keyed underlined and in Initial Caps.
59: Page numbers are located at the top right margin, 0.5" from the top, followed by a double space. The first page isn't usually numbered.
60: Bound Reports (business) Typically longer, bound reports are usually held together with covers or binders. The top, right, and bottom margins are the same
61: as an unbound report. The left margin is increased by 1.5" to accommodate binding.
62: Academic Style No title is used. Instead, key a heading in the top left margin of the first page. Double space between lines
63: Include the Name of the Student, Name of the Instructor, the Course Title, Date in Military Style (12 December 2009). Double space the body of the report. No exceptions.
64: Outlines are a type of enumeration that organize data. 2" top margin or vertically centered. All other margins are the same as a report. Main headings and Side Headings are used to
65: organize data. Side Headings equal Main entries. To format Main entries in an outline it must, be preceded by Roman numerals, use ALL CAPS or Initial Caps, Double space
66: Before and after the Main entry. To format Secondary entries on an outline, it has to be preceded by capital Letters, lower level entries must be preceded by Arabic numbers.(1,2)
67: Only a business report should have a title page. Center the page horizontally and vertically. Include the Writer's name, the report title and the date. The course/teacher
68: may also be included. The Table of Contents should be after the title page and center the heading in ALL CAPS. Number the pages at the bottom center using Roman Numerals.
69: The bibliography includes references listed in alphabetical order. Make sure to underline books, magazines, or newspapers. Put quotes around titles, poetry, or essays.
70: Same format as a bibliography except the Works Cited page only include those sources that were quoted or paraphrased. Don't include other reference materials.
71: Documenting Sources enclose direct quotes of 3 lines in quotations. An ellipses is used to show some material is omitted. Textual, footnotes, and endnotes are
72: 3 methods used. Footnotes use complete documentation of references at the bottom of the page. A divider line separates them from the report body.
73: Like footnotes, Endnotes contain complete documentation. Has the same margin as the 1st page. single space in endnotes but double between items. Page numbers are also to be included.
74: Special Business Documents
75: There are thirteen types of Special Business Documents which are; Job Applications, Resumes, Purchase Request, Purchase Orders, Invoices, Flyers, Invitations,
76: Announcements, Agendas, Minutes, Itineraries, Enhancements, and Orientations. The purpose of a Job Application is to inform a business of there applicant.
77: a Resume is a list of words that describe a job applicant, usually it involves past jobs and their education. A purchase Request is a form within a business requesting an item or supply be ordered.
78: A Purchase Order is the form that has the list of items to be ordered, how many must be ordered and then is sent to the business that handles the items requested. An Invoice is the document the Item
79: Supplier sends to the business saying how much is owed for the items that were shipped, it is usually sent within the month. Flyers are one page documents to inform people of an event or an occasion.
80: Invitations are sent to certain people to request their presence at an event or occasion. An Announcement is sent to a target interest group to inform them of an event or an occasion, no response is required.
81: Agendas are a list of topics to be covered at a meeting and the person responsible for that topic. Minutes are summaries of the events and business conducted at a meeting.
82: Itineraries are a list of dates, times, schedules, lodging and methods of travel to be used on a trip. Enhancements are visual additions to attract the reader's attention to a specific text
83: Orientation determines how material is arranged on a page. Portrait -The page is Taller than it is Wide. Landscape -The page is Wider than it is Tall.
85: Spreadsheets are used to make rows (left and right) and columns (up and down) of data, then they can be used to solve the data, such as the average, or sum. Label - Word such as January used to describe a cell.
86: Formula - usually something like =Sum(B1:B2), a formula is used to find a math equation in a certain cell. Value - Number entered into a cell that will be used for a calculation.
87: OTHER IMPORTANT WORDS FOR A SPREADSHEET Active Cell - Cell ready for the input of data. Cell - Intersection of a row and column Cell Range - A selected group of of cells that form a triangle. Cell Reference - Column Letter and Row Number