FC: The Great Wall of China
1: Ancient China, known for their Great Wall. Back in Ancient China it wasn't that easy to build as it is today. They didn't have the technology we have such as Cranes and other machines. It would take people from Ancient China years to build something as famous and well known as the Great Wall, yet it would take us only a few months of hard work and support. Adults, children all around the world wonder, “Where did they live in the process of building the wall?" “Where did they get the supplies needed?" "How did they build the wall?" There are still clues to be found, but until then it is all a mystery.
2: The Great Wall of China consists of many walls stuck together. Most areas are covered by towers such as the watch towers and signal towers. 25,000 watch towers were built to protect China from unwanted visitors, and signal towers were used to send military information. The Chinese decided to build the towers first out of wood, and sun baked bricks. Each tower was built with three floors connected by a ladder. The platform that was built on the top of the towers prevented the soldiers from falling. Each tower was 40 feet tall, squared at base and 30 feet tall at the top. The most important fort was called the “Jade Gate.” The first gate on the Great Wall was called “Yaguan” and the last gate was called the “Gate of Sights.” In addition to the wall Qin Shi Huangdi wanted additional protection for China, so he created Outposts. Outposts are large towers located at any area an enemy might breach the wall, such as valley openings or mountain passes (away from the wall). Each Outpost housed several of soldiers because Outposts were the first line of defense; they were designed to be self sufficient. Each Outpost was holding enough supplies to withstand a siege of four months. Most of the warning Outposts were built to the north of the wall. Any enemy seen by the Outposts and watch towers were reported. Each tower against the wall was made to be able to see the other one, which is how they got to see any enemy who tried to invade China.
4: What were base camps and supply routes? Base camps were areas where supplies were delivered. Each base camps had housing for soldiers, and the supplies delivered were used for four months. Meng Tien, the current emperor, had established 34 base camps along the route of the wall. Supply routes were used to transport supplies using supply carts. Supply carts were often pulled by horse, but also pulled by donkey or humans. Meng Tien was the one to thank for inventing base camps and supply routes. Meng Tien was the current emperor, he wasn’t very nice yet he accomplished to organize 300,000 soldiers to do a single task, to build the wall. He accomplished this goal in less than 7 years. Meng Tien had become emperor because he was one of Qin Shi’s most trusted advisors. His father had been general for Zheng before he became first emperor. While Meng Tien maintained keeping 300,000 unhappy soldiers building, he also had to fight off barbarian invaders. Meng Tien also established supply lines, ways to get supplies to the wall. When the wall was being constructed in areas with no bamboo or wood available, supplies were needed. He kept southern supply routes open, but it was dangerous. Supply carts would move slowly and it was the perfect target for bandits and invaders to attack. To keep the supply lines open, they assigned soldiers to be stationed along the routes, or walk along with the supply carts. Once he had finished adding soldiers along the routes, he was ready to get the building started.
5: Meng Tien
6: Stone, brick, there are so many supplies the Chinese used to make the Great Wall. How and where did they get those materials from? Why did they build the wall? The Chinese made their own materials most of the time, yet they also used supply lines and supply routes to transport and receive supplies. They made their sun-baked bricks from water and dirt, then later let it dry by the sun (which is exactly the reason why they are called sun-baked bricks. Bricks were used in a lot of areas during the Ming Dynasty, as well as materials such as tiles and lime. Bricks were considered the ideal material to bear the weight. Yet they received items from other areas such as crenellation, parapet, stone and quarried stone. They also found bamboo, earth and stone. Before the making of the bricks, they mostly used earth, stone, and wood. The builders always tried to use local sources. When building near a mountain they were able to explode rocks and use them during construction, they used that technique near desserts, rivers, and mountains. Towers were built using wood and handmade sun-baked bricks. The main reason they built the wall was because they wanted to protect China from invaders. They built it near agricultural villages, for safety, so that the aggressive “neighbors” would get scared and stay away from China. The wall also worked as a dividing line for the Ming during the Ming dynasty. Even though the wall was built years ago, the material was so solid that it could even last until today.
8: In conclusion, the Ancient Chinese were more advanced and talented than expected. They were able to build the wall using their own handmade materials, they were able to keep intruders away, and protect China for years. All of those tasks were done in less than 7 years, all that was needed were supplies and mostly support. Now, there are less clues to be found yet we still have more to learn.
10: Bibliography for pictures Picture of Great Wall ( first page) - http://images.quickblogcast.com/3/9/5/4/1/122758-114593/Great_Wall_of_China.bmp Gate ( Paragraph 1 page 2) - http://www.drben.net/files/China/City/Gansu_Province/Dunhuang/Landmarks/Jade_Gate/01-Exterior/Jade-Gate-YuMen-Toll_House014aQT.jpg The Great Wall Map- Introduction ( page 1) http://www.great-wall-of-china.com/image/chinamap1.gif Picture of Great Wall ( Page 13) http://www.funonthenet.in/images/stories/forwards/new%207%20wonders/great-wall-of-china.jpg
11: The tower ( Paragraph 1 page 2) 1 http://www.greywhale.com/chinaphotossept07/great%20wall%20watch%20tower.jpg Meng Tien ( Paragraph 2 page 3) http://www.greatwallchina.info/img/big/Qin-Shi-huang.jpg Brick ( Paragraph 3 page 7) http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2568/4047450527_335fdb4dff.jpg Great Wall materials ( Paragraph 3 page 7) http://libraryxpress.files.wordpress.com/2006/11/great-wall.gif Great wall ( Conclusion page 9) http://www.talismancoins.com/catalog/Great_Wall_of_China_Image1.jpg
12: Quiz 1. What was the name of the current emperor during the time the wall was getting built? 2. How many floors did the watch tower consist of? 3. What were the main supplies used to build the wall? 4. What was the name of the first gate found in the Great Wall? 5. What were supply lines used for?