S: Hinduism vs. Buddhism
BC: Created by: | Lindsey | & | Emily | from second period World History
FC: Hinduism | Buddhism | vs.
1: A religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, focused on enlightenment. | Hinduism | Buddhism | A religion based on Aryan beliefs and focused on one God - Brahman.
2: "In criticizing, the teacher is hoping to teach. That's all." - Bankei | History | Hinduism developed in India over the course of four thousand years | Other Names for "Brahman" | ~ Brahma the Creator ~ Vishnu the Preserver ~ Shiva the Destroyer | Combination of Aryan and Dravidian beliefs | Unique in that it has no founder or date of origin, whereas most religions are derived from a charasmatic leader
3: "A man becomes like those whose society he loves." - Hindu proverb | Buddhism began in India and emerged in the 6th century B.C. to rival Hinduism | Siddhartha Gautama - known as Buddha or the "Enlightened One" | ~ born a prince, but renounced the world at age 29 ~ 6 years of spiritual discipline before achieving enlightenment ~ spent next 45 years teaching
4: "Renunciation is not getting rid of the things of this world, but accepting that they pass away." - Aitken Roshi | Beliefs | a single force: Brahman | job of the self (atman) to seek this "ultimate reality" & join Brahman after death | reincarnation: rebirth of the soul in a new body | karma | dharma | ~ the concept that you are rewarded or punished according to your deeds | ~ natural laws provided by the cosmos
5: "A person consists of his faith. Whatever is his faith, even so is he." - Hindu proverb | The Four Noble Truths: | 1. dukhka - existence is suffering 2. trishna - the cause of suffering is craving & attachment 3. nirvana - freedom from suffering by achieving enlightenment 4. There is a path to enlightenment called | The "Eightfold Path" | which means you have the right: views, resolve, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration... | and have deserved Nirvana.
6: "The greatest goodness is a peaceful mind." - Atisha | Customs/Practices | Yoga | ~designed to lead to union by leaving behind earthly life ~joining Braham in a dreamless sleep
7: "All wrong-doing arises because of mind. If mind is transformed can wrong-doing remain?" - Buddha | Following the example of astcetics, which were people who practiced self-denial to achieve the understanding of an ultimate reality | Meditation - a way to find oneness with God.
8: "There is nothing noble about being superior to some other man. The true nobility is in being superior to your previous self." -Hindu Proverb | Texts/Writings | All religious beliefs come from Vedas | Bhagavad Gita - India's great poem. | ~ a collection of hymns and religious ceremonies, passed down from earlier generations.
9: "Teach this triple truth to all: A generous heart, kind speech, and a life of service and compassion are the things which renew humanity." - Buddha | Tripitaka | There is no "Buddha Bible." Instead, there are many writings and scripture. These are believed to be teachings of the historic Buddha or enlightened masters. | All sacred texts are thought of as "guidelines" to the path of truth, not truth itself. | ~ the earliest collection of Buddhist writing
10: Bibliography | "Hindu proverb Quotes." Famous Quotes and Authors, Famous Quotations for all Occasions. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2010.
11: Category. "The Sacred Texts of Buddhism." Buddhism. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2010.