FC: Civil Rights Movement
1: By: Grace Maiorano Titus Knox Natalie Buono 10-1
2: "Remember, we are not fighting for the freedom of the Negro alone, but for the freedom of the human spirit a larger freedom that encompasses all mankind.”- Ella Baker | This quote stated by Ella Baker has a very insightful meaning. She is saying that the civil rights movement is not just about the fight for African American justice. It is fighting for the righteousness of every race, creed, and religion. This is the solution to peace-giving every person equal treatment. This equal treatment will bring mankind together in unity. This quote is very meaningful on a personal level because it applies to me. Since I am apart of mankind, this quotation can be related to the freedom I share with the rest of humankind.
3: Ella Baker was an African American civil and human rights activist. She was a hero of the Freedom Movement who inspired and guided upcoming leaders. She directed the New York branch of the NAACP. She became executive director of the SCLC. She also played a major role in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, as well as the voting registration drive in Mississippi.
4: "I believe in nonviolence as a way of life, as a way of living."- John Lewis | This quote said by John Lewis is pivotally profound. During the Civil Right Movement, violence was breaking out everywhere among blacks and whites. Violence, however, led to nothing but even more issues. The fight for freedom was not won through this dangerous method of protest. That is why John Lewis saw nonviolence, not only as a way of solving problems, but a way of living life. Nonviolence led to solving almost all the problems of the Civil Rights Movement. This quote is meaningful to me because I’m a pure pacifist. Just like John Lewis, I see nonviolence not only as a solution, but as a way to living life successfully.
5: John Lewis is the U. S. Representative for Georgia’s 5th congressional district. He was a powerful leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He participated in Freedom Rides throughout the South. Lewis was chairmen of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, which played a vital role in the fight to end segregation. He led 600 protesters across the Edmund Pettus Bride on “Bloody Sunday”. John Lewis also gave a controversial, yet inspirational speech at the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. | Bloody Sunday Photographs
6: “Freedom is people realizing they are their own leader.”- Diane Nash | This quote spoken by Diane Nash has a philosophical meaning. People who lack freedom are controlled by another group or authority. They follow other leaders, which restrains them from justice. However, when people have freedom, they don’t have someone ordering them what they can and can’t do. They are their own leaders, making their own choices and doing their own actions. This quote is meaningful to me because after reading it, I realized I must be my own leader and not follow others in order to gain fairness for myself. | With Kelly Miller Smith | With Kelly Miller Smith
7: Diane Nash was a tactician leader of the student branch of the Civil Rights Movement. Her campaigns were one of the most successful of the ear. Her movements include: the first successful civil rights campaign to integrate lunch counters in Nashville, the Freedom Riders, who integrated interstate transportation, founding the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and leading the Selma Voting Rights Movement, which caused African Americans to get voting and political power in the South. | With students protesting in Nashville
8: “God has planted in human life infinite potential. That potential represents the energy of the universe. Present problems and turmoils can be resolved and human life can become more compassionate, just and nonviolent.”- James Lawson | This quote stated by James Lawson has a profound meaning. He is saying that humans are capable of feeling a number of emotions, and doing a number of things. This potential can be channeled in a peaceful and harmonizing manor if humans simply tried. If humans use this God-given gift, then nonviolence and peace will erupt from mankind. This quote is meaningful to me because it gave me a clearer idea on the root of human nature. I’ve realized that every single person can feel compassion and love; it’s just a matter of finding that emotion inside of you and applying it to your actions.
9: Arrested after a Freedom Rides Protest | James Lawson was an activist and strategist a part of the Civil Rights Movement. He spoke out against racial inequalities and the powers of nonviolence. He met Martin Luther King Jr., and they joined forces in creating a nonviolent mass movement. That same year Lawson went to Nashville to educate the uses and benefits of nonviolence to civil rights activists. He was the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference for 14 years, which was an organization created by MLK to end racial segregation through nonviolent protests.
10: “If you say no to racism and encourage your children to make friendships across racial lines, you can make a difference in one generation.”-James Farmer | The following quote was stated by James Farmer in an interview for The Mary Washington Bullet on April 18,1996. James Farmer was the co-founder and national director of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). James Farmer was a devoted civil rights leader and activist. This quote was selected to be included because of the importance of how, as a generation, we stand now; the difference we have made.
11: In this quote, James Farmer is stating that if we can at least teach our children to say no racism and become companions with different races and cultures than you can change now one generation at a time. To me, this quote has much meaning. I understand and am fully aware that everyone is equal and should all be treated as so. | with Dorthy Wright and Whitney Young
12: “There is a higher law than the law of government. That's the law of conscience.”-Stokely Carmichael | The following quote was stated by Stokely Carmichael, a freedom rider. At only the age of 19 he took his first ride to Jackson, MS from New Orleans, LA. Then in 1966 Carmichael became a chairman of the organization SNCC. Also, in 1967 he became an honorary prime minister of the Black Panther Party. This quote was selected to be included because of the significance of how much of a role your conscience plays in making decisions, especially in making crucial ones, like in the civil rights movement.
13: I feel as though Carmichael was stating that even though the government may say something is wrong or right or something can be done and left untouched does not mean that its correct. Your law of conscience is much more powerful than the law of government. This quote has much meaning. Now living in a generation where some things are done or said that may not be fair and equal, the law may say one thing while your conscience completely disagrees.
14: "The way we see it, the sister is also a revolutionary, and she has to be able to defend herself, just like we do. She has to learn to shoot, just like we do. Because the pigs in the system don't care that she's a sister; they brutalize her just the same."-Bobby Seale; chair amn of the Black Panther Party
15: This quote was stated by the chair man Bobby Seale of the activist group “The Black Panthers”. Founded in the late 1960s the Black Panthers were different from any other group. The Panthers aggressively observed the police action in the black community. They served the poor and needy, published a newspaper, and even earned a following. In 1969 they were named by the FBI the number threat to the nation’s security. This quote was chosen to be included because this quote is stating equality, its showing that if we have to do then so should they. It doesn’t matter who you are or where you come from, your going to get criticized anyway. The quote is so much meaning personally. Its telling you that just because your one race or another that you have to learn to stand your ground and fight, because the cruel people out there don’t care who you are or where you come from.
16: "Nobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you equality or justice or anything. If you're a man, you take it. "- Malcolm X | The following quote was stated by Malcolm X. Malcolm X was a black nationalist leader who organized NOI temples, developed their newspapers, and was even named their national spokesman. Malcolm X did offer a different approach to freedom and equality then Dr. Martin Luther King did. He told his followers to refuse to endorse nonviolence and to separate themselves from the white community. After becoming leader of the NOI he re-considered his policies and became comfortable with freedom.
17: This quote was selected to be included because of how important it was and still is to not just sit back and have it handed to you but to get up and fight for it. I feel as though Malcolm X was stating that no one is going to give you anything you want. But if your true to the cause and your self you wont sit back and watch it happen you’ll stand up and fight for what you deserve. This quote has such meaning to me. Now living in a generation were absolutely nothing is fair and nothing is going to be handed to you, then you’ll work for it and fight for it.
18: "This will be a black baby born in Mississippi, and thus where ever he is born he will be in prision ... If I go to jail now it may hasten that day when my child and all children will be free" - Diane Nash. | This is a very powerful quote. It saying since you know that the next generation will have a hard life. Why not go through a hard life yourself for them. So that hopefully their lives won't be as hard. This traces back to how the people of the Civil rights movement had to be. They had to go through a hard life in the hopes that their children and the rest of the next generation would have a better chance
19: Diane Nash was born on 1938 in Chicago. She was lucky enough to never experience forms of segregation while there. Then she moved to the south to attend Fisk University in Nashville and was shocked to see how different and unfair things were. So she attended nonviolence workshops. She along with John Lewis created the Nashville Student Movement, a group that wanted to integrate city lunch counters. Nash was the coordinator for the sit-ins that happened there in 1960. Then she helped to create SNCC as well as the Freedom Riders by picking up students from Nashville in 1961.
20: "Have no fear of change as such and, on the other hand, no liking for it merely for its own sake"- Robert Moses. | . I think this quote is very meaningful, espically during a time such as the civil rights movement. I think this quote means that it's important to be open to change because you never know if the change will be for the better. However you should also have a reluctance for change as well. This could be so that you are never open to allowing changes to happen that can be harmful to people. Always make sure that the change is one that will benifit everyone and not just a group of people and is fair.
21: Robert Moses was born in 1935 in new York. He had two brothers and his family was poor. Luckily for him he had very good academic skills and went to prestigeous private schools as a child. And graduated from Harvard as an adult. However in 1959 his mother died. Sit-ins were just now taking starting to happen at this time. Moses got to experience being in one in Hamption, Virginia while visiting his uncle. This was the big turning point that changed the rest of his life. This action is what influenced him to stand up for civil rights and join SNCC. He then worked to get people to vote in Mississippi for four years.
22: " I'm sick and tired of being sick and tired. - Frannie Lou Hamer | This quote by Frannie Lou Hamer was widely used during the civil rights movement. It basically means that you will get to a point when you are fed up with dealing with the horrible thing that is done to you. And that you are sick of just doing nothing at all. Many blacks during the civil rights movement went by this as they began to realize that sitting and doing nothing was not going to work .They would have to take action if they really wanted to be make a change. Sitting around waiting for it to happen is pointless.
23: Frannie Lou Hamer was born 1917 in Mississippi. Her grandparents were slaves and her parents were sharecroppers. She had nineteen other brothers and sisters and was the youngest of them all. She was shocked to find out that blacks had the right to vote. She then heard that the SNCC were looking for volunteers to vote. It was then when she decided to take a stand towards getting the rights she deserved. she was fourty-four by that time, it being 1962. knowing how dangerous doing an act like this could be to her she simply said " The only thing they could do was kill me, and it seemed like they'd been trying to do that a little bit at at time ever since she could remember." She was sadly arrested and beaten by the police for trying to vote. She was also thrown off the plantation that she share cropped for shorty afterwards
24: " Strong people don't need Strong Leaders" - Ella baker | This quote is has a very powerful meaning, especially dealing with the Civil Rights Movement. It means that if the community as a whole is strong, you don't need a strong leader to do all the work. Everyone would be doing the work equally. this is important during that time because you need the whole black community to work together to really make a change at a time when the black s were oppressed by the whites. With out the thousand of people who put their luves at risk for the better we may not be as far as we are today.
25: Ella Baker was born on December 13, 1903 in North Virginia. her grandmother was an ex slave who told her stories about being whipped. She studied at Shaw University in North Carolina. baker was always challenging the school policies there that she felt were unfair. Then in !1927 she graduated as the valedictorian of her class. From there she went to NEw York City and joined two social activist organizations. The two most important ones being SCLC and NAACP. She worked with Martin Luther King Jr. while part if these two groups. She organized the 1955 bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. This was the biggest thing she did in her career.
26: Works Cited "James Farmer Project Quotes." James Farmer Project. Web. 12 June 2011.
27: "Rev. James Lawson." Potentials Video Series. Web. 13 June 2011.